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Lorazepam-Induced Toxicity in the Aged

Information source: Nathan Kline Institute for Psychiatric Research
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Anxiety Disorders; Generalized Anxiety Disorder

Intervention: Lorazepam (Drug)

Phase: Phase 4

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: Nathan Kline Institute for Psychiatric Research

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Nunzio Pomara, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Nathan S. Kline Institute and New York University School of Medicine

Summary

This study will compare the effects of an acute dose of lorazepam to a placebo in elderly patients with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD).

Clinical Details

Official title: Long-Term Lorazepam Use and Acute Toxicity in the Aged

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety Study, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Double-Blind, Primary Purpose: Diagnostic

Detailed description: GAD is among the most common anxiety disorders in the elderly population. The drug lorazepam is widely utilized in the treatment of elderly individuals with GAD. However, single doses of lorazepam have been associated with cognitive toxicity that is typically evident between 1 and 2. 5 hours after the drug is administered. The toxic effects include decreased memory and increased swaying, which has been associated with greater risk for falls. Patients have 4 study visits. A psychiatric evaluation and a memory test are given at the first visit. During the second study visit, patients have a physical exam, an electrocardiogram (ECG), a neuropsychological assessment, an optional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) brain scan, and other laboratory tests. On the third and fourth visits, patients are randomized to receive either their highest daily dose of lorazepam or placebo. Performance effects and postural sway are determined before drug administration and at 1, 2. 5, and 5 hours after the drug is given. Blood samples for the determination of drug levels are also obtained.

Eligibility

Minimum age: 60 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- Lorazepam treatment for at least 3 months

- Cognitively intact

Note: Individuals who are unable or unwilling to have an MRI may be included Exclusion Criteria:

- Major psychiatric disorder other than GAD

- Significant medical illness which may increase the likelihood of adverse reactions to

lorazepam

- Severe loss of hearing or vision

- Current or past history of alcohol dependence

- Substance abuse within the past 6 months

- MRI evidence of infection, infarction, or other lesions suggestive of intervening

neurological disease

- Clinical symptoms that suggest neurological disease

- Dementia or other mental syndromes or disorders

Locations and Contacts

NYU/Bellevue General Clinical Research Center (8East), New York, New York 10016, United States

Nathan S. Kline Institute, Orangeburg, New York 10962, United States

Additional Information

Nathan S. Kline Institute for Psychiatric Research

Starting date: December 2000
Last updated: December 5, 2013

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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