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Piloting Acute Care to Primary Care Linkage of Safety Net Patients

Information source: University of Washington
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

Intervention: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (Behavioral); Motivational Interviewing (Behavioral); FDA-Approved Anti-Anxiety Medications (Drug); Standard Care Control (Behavioral)

Phase: Phase 1

Status: Active, not recruiting

Sponsored by: University of Washington

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Douglas Zatzick, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: University of Washington


This pilot study will evaluate the implementation of a stepped care intervention that combines Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy, Motivational Interviewing, psychotropic medications, and information technology innovations at a level 1 trauma center to community linkage components to reduce the symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder and related comorbidities in injured trauma survivors treated in the emergency department and surgical inpatient settings.

Clinical Details

Official title: Piloting Acute Care to Primary Care Linkage of Safety Net Patients

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome:

Substance use

PTSD ratings

General functioning reports

Secondary outcome:

Increased satisfaction with global care

Injury relapse

Work, disability, and legal outcomes

Detailed description: The investigators plan to implement a pilot linkage program in which trauma center based care facilitators will use a population-based recruitment strategy to facilitate outpatient follow-up for acutely injured trauma center inpatients and emergency department patients. All patients recruited into the trial will be low income patients with one or more of the following characteristics: being uninsured, low income older adults, low income mothers, and other high risk individuals who lack health insurance. Patients will be linked for care to one of the community health centers participating in Washington State. In phase I, patients will be recruited from the trauma center inpatient trauma surgery service and emergency departments. In phase one, no randomization will occur; patients will be linked to one of the community health centers. Patients who consent to the protocol will be assessed in the surgical inpatient units or emergency department. After the baseline assessment, all patients will be immediately assigned a bachelor's, MSW, or RN level care manager. The care managers will elicit and address posttraumatic concerns, and attempt linkage of patients to community programs. Care managers may also deliver motivational interviewing and cognitive behavioral therapy interventions. Patient may also be linked to psychopharmacologic interventions targeting PTSD. Follow-up assessments will occur in the weeks and months after the injury and will assess patterns of health service utilization and symptomatic outcomes. Phase I will establish the feasibility of recruitment and follow-up, acceptability of care management for patients, as well as the pragmatics of linkage to community programs. Piloting in phase II will depend on the results of phase I; the phase II pilot will build and extend upon phase I. In phase II, patients will be randomized to either intervention or control conditions. Patients randomized to the intervention condition will be met by a care manager who may address patients' initial needs and concerns. Care managers may also deliver Motivational Interviewing and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy interventions. Patients may also be linked to psychopharmacologic interventions targeting PTSD. The care manager will attempt to link patients to participating community health centers. Linkages may occur by the telephone, or through web-based clinical registry tools that are under development by the intervention team. Some linkages may occur in person. To determine if intervention patients are successfully linked more frequently than controls, all patients will be followed from the time of designation at hospital admission to outpatient primary care appointments. Follow-up outcome assessments will occur in the weeks and months post-injury and will includes assessments of patterns of health service utilization, function, and symptomatic outcomes.


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

- English-speaking

- Admitted to Harborview Medical Center with injuries sufficiently severe enough to

require inpatient admission

- Experienced a traumatic injury

- Exhibits symptoms of PTSD while in the hospital ward

- Low-income

Exclusion Criteria:

- History of head, spinal, or other injury that may prevent participation in the ward


- Requires immediate intervention due to conditions such as self-inflicted injury,

active psychosis, or active mania

- Currently incarcerated

- Likely to face criminal charges

- Lives outside of the state of Washington

- Not low-income

Locations and Contacts

Harborview Medical Center, Seattle, Washington 98104, United States
Additional Information

Related publications:

Zatzick DF, Roy-Byrne P, Russo JE, Rivara FP, Koike A, Jurkovich GJ, Katon W. Collaborative interventions for physically injured trauma survivors: a pilot randomized effectiveness trial. Gen Hosp Psychiatry. 2001 May-Jun;23(3):114-23.

Zatzick D, Roy-Byrne P, Russo J, Rivara F, Droesch R, Wagner A, Dunn C, Jurkovich G, Uehara E, Katon W. A randomized effectiveness trial of stepped collaborative care for acutely injured trauma survivors. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2004 May;61(5):498-506.

Starting date: May 2011
Last updated: June 19, 2012

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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