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Pomalidomide and Dexamethasone Effects in Multiple Myeloma Patients With Del 17p or t (4;14)

Information source: University Hospital, Lille
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Multiple Myeloma

Intervention: POMALIDOMIDE (Drug); Dexamethasone (Drug)

Phase: Phase 2

Status: Active, not recruiting

Sponsored by: University Hospital, Lille

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Xavier LELEU, PHD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: CHRU de Lille

Summary

The purpose of this study is to determine the efficacy and toxicity profile of Pomalidomide and Dexamethasone in relapsed or refractory Multiple Myeloma patients with deletion 17p or translocation (4;14)

Clinical Details

Official title: A Multicenter Open Label Phase II Study of Pomalidomide and Dexamethasone in Progressive Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma Patients With Deletion 17p or Translocation (4;14) Adverse Karyotypic Abnormalities-IFM2010-02

Study design: Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Time to disease progression (from the date of the first dose to the date of the first observation of disease progression)

Secondary outcome:

Safety of pomalidomide and dexamethasone

Overall Response rate (Partial Response and better), Very Good Partial Response (VGPR) + Complete Response (CR) rate and stringent Complete Response (sCR) rate to pomalidomide and dexamethasone in MM patients

Time to response and Response duration of pomalidomide and dexamethasone.

Overall Survival of pomalidomide and dexamethasone and event free survival

Response and Time to disease progression with regards to cytogenetic abnormalities in the bone marrow tumor plasma cells

Detailed description: BACKGROUND AND RATIONALE. Multiple myeloma (MM) is an incurable disease that is characterized by the accumulation of clonal plasma cells in the bone marrow [1]. The median overall survival for patients with myeloma is approximately 4-5 years, and MM remains an incurable disease. Despite front line treatment approaches, the disease eventually relapses. While patients with relapsed disease may achieve responses to subsequent antimyeloma therapies, the duration of response decreases with successive relapses until resistant disease develops. Until recently, the median survival following relapse after induction therapy was approximately one year. The recent US Food and Drug Administration approvals of bortezomib (2003) and combination lenalidomide plus dexamethasone (2006) therapies for the treatment of previously treated MM has provided effective therapeutic options that give patients with relapsed or refractory MM the prospect for a prolongation of overall and progression-free survival times [2-4]. Although the introduction of novel agents to the autologous transplant procedure in patients less than 65 years old or to the Melphalan Prednisone regimen in elderly patients has significantly improved response rates and survival times, MM is a heterogeneous disease with divergent outcomes driven by the biologic characteristics, especially cytogenetic characteristics [5, 6]. Various studies have demonstrated that cytogenetic characteristic as detected by fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) was one of the most powerful prognostic marker in MM, especially presence of deletion of 17p13 (del17p) [6, 7] and translocation t(4;14) [6, 7] that represent approximately 20% to 25% of patients in the series [8]. The del(17p) and t(4;14) chromosomal abnormalities are associated with poor progression-free survival and shorter overall survival in newly diagnosed MM patients treated with traditional chemotherapy … The conclusion of recent studies were that a clear unmet medical need still exists for additional novel therapeutic options for the treatment of MM with del17p and t(4;14) and that novel agents should be proposed earlier in the patient evolution. Pomalidomide belongs to the immunomodulators compounds which thalidomide is the parent compound and lenalidomide the most recently approved agent [14]. It is derived from thalidomide and shares a number of the beneficial pharmacologic properties with thalidomide. The efficacy of thalidomide has been limited by adverse effects, which include sedation, neuropathy, constipation, and deep vein thrombosis. This toxicity profile seems dose and duration-related,which have the potential of improved potency and reduced toxicity. By modifying the thalidomide structure through the addition of an amino group at the 4 position of the phthaloyl ring, pomalidomide was generated. … A phase 2 randomised open label study of 2 modalities of Pomalidomide plus low-dose Dexamethasone in patients with Multiple Myeloma, refractory to both lenalidomide and bortezomib was conducted. This study was addressed to patients with MM who were symptomatic and progressive following at least two cycles of lenalidomide and two cycles of bortezomib (either separately or in combination). This study provides further evidence that pomalidomide has no-cross resistance with lenalidomide and suggests that it can provide benefit for patients who have relapsed after other novel therapies. This data demonstrated that pomalidomide has significant efficacy in MM and can be safely administered to myeloma patients. STUDY RATIONALE. There is an increasing number of patients with adverse karyotypic abnormalities, such as del17p and t(4;14), that requires new therapeutic options to improve progression free survival and ultimately overall survival. Based on recent studies, we hypothesized that these patients might benefit from the combination of pomalidomide and dexamethasone. We have therefore designed a Multicenter Open label Phase II study of Pomalidomide and Dexamethasone in Progressive Relapsed or refractory Multiple Myeloma patients with deletion 17p or translocation (4;14) Adverse Karyotypic Abnormalities. This study will determine the efficacy and toxicity profile of pomalidomide and dexamethasone in patients with adverse prognostic factors as determined using adverse karyotypic abnormalities and that are in desperate need of novel therapeutics. This study will be conducted in accordance with "good clinical practice" and all applicable regulatory requirements, including, where applicable, the 2008 version of the Declaration of Helsinki. STUDY INDICATION In relapsed and refractory MM patients, who are progressive, with MM characterized by Deletion 17p or translocation (4;14) Adverse Karyotypic Abnormalities STUDY DESIGN Overall design. This study is a Multicenter, Open-label, Single arm, Phase 2 study of pomalidomide and dexamethasone in relapsed or refractory MM patients with deletion 17p and translocation (4;14). Eligible patients must have a progressive, relapsed or refractory MM, a deletion 17p and/or translocation (4;14) using FISH technique and a measurable disease. There is no escalation dose study, the Maximum Tolerated Dose has already been determined in previous phase 1-2 escalation dose studies as 4 mg/day on day 1 to 21 of a 28 days cycle. The proposed dose of dexamethasone is considered standard. Patients will receive the pomalidomide and dexamethasone regimen until progression. This study will eventually improve time to disease progression and response rates, with no additional toxicity, as compared to other available regimens, in this subgroup of patients with myeloma characterized with an adverse prognosis. Regimen Pomalidomide 4mg/day, oral route, from day 1 to 21 per 28 days cycle Dexamethasone 40mg weekly, oral route, on day 1, 8, 15, 22 per 28 days cycle for patients aged less than 75 years, and 20 mg once weekly oral route per 28 days cycle for patients aged 75 years and above. Until progression either relapse or refractory. Potentially eligible patients and informed of their rights and how to achieve the study will sign informed consent prior to undergoing any study-related procedures. Patients will undergo screening assessments for protocol eligibility within 28 days of randomization. For all patients who enroll into this study, study visits and serial measurements of safety and efficacy will be performed on a monthly basis for the first 12 months then on a 2-months basis thereafter. Tumor response, including progressive Disease, will be assessed according to the IMWG criteria. The severity of Adverse Events will be graded according to the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 3. 0. In this study, a central laboratory will analyze serum and urine protein electrophoresis tests (myeloma [M]-protein levels), serum and urine immunofixation studies (CHRU Lille). FISH cytogenetic will be performed in Nantes for all patients in the study. Efficacy assessments will occur on a monthly basis (28 days, designated as Study Day) for the first 12 months then on a 2-months basis thereafter, regardless of current cycle day, and can be performed within 3 days to day one of the cycle. Study of vital signs and performance status is requested at Study Day. Study Day 1 of Open-Label Treatment will occur on the day the patient starts the pomalidomide-dexamethasone regimen. This regimen is given on oral route for the 2 therapeutic agents tested. complete blood (cell) count will be monitored at least every 7 days (weekly) during the first cycle. It will also be monitored at the first day of each cycle thereafter. Recommended concomitant therapy. All medications (prescription and non-prescription), treatments and therapies taken from 28 days prior to initiation of the study through the last dose of study drug, must be recorded in the case report form. Any treatments or therapies used to treat a Serious Adverse Event that occur within 28 days of discontinuation of study drug must also be documented. In addition, all patients will be given prophylactic anti-thrombotic treatment, either aspirin daily (commercial supply) if the patient has no prior history of thrombosis events or low molecular weight heparin according to hospital guidelines or physician preference. All prophylactic antithrombotic treatment unless contraindicated according to hospital guidelines or physician preference must be recorded. All patients will be monitored for signs and symptoms of venous thromboembolism while on Pomalidomide. The use of hematopoietic growth factors is permitted during the study. The use of bisphosphonates is permitted throughout the study at the discretion of the Investigator. Other therapies considered necessary for the patient's well being may be administered at the discretion of the Investigator. These therapies may include antibiotics, analgesics, antihistamines, or other medications and transfusions of red blood cells, platelets, or fresh frozen plasma given to assist in the management of complications associated with multiple myeloma or its therapy. Prohibited concomitant therapy Concomitant use of sargramostim, other anti-cancer therapies, including thalidomide, or other investigational agents is not permitted while subjects are receiving study drug of the study. The need for radiation therapy is considered to be a treatment failure. However, an exception (that is patients allowed to remain in the treatment phase of the study) is made for radiation therapy to a pathological fracture site to enhance bone healing or to treat post-fracture pain that is refractory to narcotic analgesics because pathologic bone fractures do not by themselves fulfill a criterion for disease progression End of study treatment. Patients may continue study treatment until Progression develops (last study drug intake of pomalidomide-dexamethasone regimen) at which time they will complete a Treatment Discontinuation visit as outlined in Table 2. Follow-Up. Upon discontinuation from pomalidomide-dexamethasone study treatment for Progression or any other reason, patients will be assessed for 28 days. Serious Adverse Events will continue to be collected on patients during the first 28 days in Follow-Up. FCBP will have a final pregnancy test 28 days after the last dose of study drug if they have regular or no menstrual cycles; or 14 and 28 days after the last dose if menstrual cycles are irregular. In addition, patients who are discontinued from study treatment will be followed for overall survival and subsequent MM treatment regimens. Patients who discontinue treatment for other reason than Progression will have response determined until Progression or until start of further myeloma therapy. All patients will have survival data entered in the Case Report Form after progression, along with subsequent myeloma treatments. Dose Interruption and Modification. Dose interruption and reduction for pomalidomide-dexamethasone regimen will be provided. PHASE OF DEVELOPMENT 2 STUDY PRODUCTS This is a single arm phase 2 study. Each patient will receive 28 day cycles of Pomalidomide and Dexamethasone treatment until progression, either relapse or refractory. Pomalidomide 4mg/day, oral route, from day 1 to 21 per 28 days cycle Dexamethasone 40mg weekly, oral route, on day 1, 8, 15, 22 per 28 days cycle for patients aged less than 75 years, and 20 mg once weekly oral route per 28 days cycle for patients aged 75 years and above. Dose adaptation will be provided within the protocol

Eligibility

Minimum age: 19 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

inclusion criteria:

- Able to understand and voluntarily sign an informed consent form

- Age >18 years

- Life expectancy > 6 months.

- Patients must have a Symptomatic and Progressive MM

- Patients must have a clearly detectable and quantifiable monoclonal M-component value

- Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status score of 0, 1, or 2

- Adequate bone marrow function, with no transfusion within 5 days prior to treatment.

- Adequate organ function

- Wash out period of at least 2 weeks from previous antitumor therapy or any

investigational treatment.

- Able to take antithrombotic medicines

- Subjects affiliated with an appropriate social security system.

- Agree to abstain from donating blood while taking study drug therapy and for at least

28 days following discontinuation of study drug .

- Female subjects of childbearing potential (FCBP) (*) must:

Understand the potential teratogenic risk of the treatment and take the relative precaution mentioned in the protocol, in the Pomalidomide information sheet Agree to abstain from breastfeeding during study participation and for at least 28 days after study drug discontinuation

- For female NOT of childbearing potential, pomalidomide is contraindicated unless the

exceptions mentioned in the protocol

- Understand the hazards and necessary precautions associated with the use of

pomalidomide

- Male subjects must:

- Understand the potential teratogenic risk and take the relative precaution mentioned

in the protocol, in the Pomalidomide information sheet Exclusion criteria :

- Patient that will require allogeneic or autologous transplantation following

pomalidomide dexamethasone treatment while in the same course.

- Any other uncontrolled medical condition or comorbidity that might interfere with

subject's participation

- Use of any other experimental drug or therapy within 15 days of screening.

- Patients with renal failure that require dialysis and patients with creatinine

clearance < 50 mL/min

- Prior history of malignancies, other than multiple myeloma, unless the patients has

been free of the disease for ≥3 years. Excepted those mentioned in the protocol.

- Prior local irradiation within two weeks before screening

- Ongoing active infection, especially ongoing pneumonitis

- Ongoing Cardiac dysfunction

- Inability or unwillingness to comply with birth control requirements

Locations and Contacts

CHRU-Hôpital Sud Amiens, Amiens 80054, France

Chru Caen, Caen 14033, France

CHU DIJON, Hôpital d'Enfants, Dijon 21000, France

CHRU, Hôpital A.Michallon, Grenoble 38043, France

Centre hospitalier départemental La Roche sur Yon, La Roche sur Yon 85025, France

Chru Lille, Lille 59037, France

Institut Paoli Calmette,, Marseille 13273, France

CHRU, Hôtel Dieu, Nantes 44035, France

CHU - Hôpital St Antoine,, Paris 75571, France

Hôpital Saint-Louis, Paris 75475, France

Hôpital Haut-Leveque, PESSAC cedex 33604, France

Centre Hospitalier Lyon Sud -1, Pierre Benite 69495, France

Centre Hospitalier Lyon Sud -2, Pierre Benite 69495, France

CHRU POITIERS-Hôpital Jean Bernard, Poitiers 86021, France

Hôpital Robert Debré, CHU Reims, Reims 51092, France

CHRU RENNES 1, Hôpital Sud, Rennes 35056, France

CHRU RENNES 2, Hôpital Pontchaillou, Rennes 35033, France

CHRU, Hôpital Purpan, Toulouse 31059, France

CHRU- Hôpital Bretonneau, Tours 37044, France

CHRU, Hôpitaux de Brabois, Vandoeuvre 54511, France

Additional Information

Starting date: January 2012
Last updated: May 28, 2015

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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