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Plerixafor (AMD3100) and Bevacizumab for Recurrent High-Grade Glioma

Information source: Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: High Grade Glioma: Glioblastoma (GBM); High Grade Glioma: Gliosarcoma; Anaplastic Astrocytoma (AA); Anaplastic Oligodendroglioma (AO); Mixed Anaplastic Oligoastrocytoma (AOA)

Intervention: Plerixafor (Drug); Plerixafor (Drug); Bevacizumab (Drug); Plerixafor (Drug); Surgery (Procedure)

Phase: Phase 1

Status: Recruiting

Sponsored by: Patrick Y. Wen, MD

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Patrick Y. Wen, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

Overall contact:
Patrick Y. Wen, MD, Phone: 617-632-2166, Email: pwen@partners.org

Summary

Plerixafor in combination with bevacizumab is a drug combination that may stop cancer cells from growing abnormally. Bevacizumab, also known as Avastin, is FDA approved for use in patients with recurrent glioblastoma and has been studied extensively in other types of solid tumors. Plerixafor, also known as Mozobil, is FDA approved for use in patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and multiple myeloma and has been used in treatment for other cancers. Information from experiments in laboratories suggests that the combination of plerixafor and bevacizumab may help prevent the growth of gliomas. Part 1: The investigators are looking for the highest dose of plerixafor that can be given safely with bevacizumab (with a 21 days on/7 days off regimen of plerixafor). The investigators will also do blood tests to find out how the body uses and breaks down the drug combination. Part 2: The investigators are looking to see if plerixafor can get past the blood-brain barrier and into brain tumors. The investigators will also do blood tests to find out how the body uses and breaks down the drug combination. Part 3: The investigators are looking for for more information re: safety and tolerability of plerixafor in combination with bevacizumab (with a 28 days on/0 days off regimen of plerixafor). The investigators will also do blood tests to find out how the body uses and breaks down the drug combination.

Clinical Details

Official title: Phase I Study of Plerixafor (AMD3100) and Bevacizumab for Recurrent High-Grade Glioma

Study design: Allocation: Non-Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Determination of Maximum Tolerated Dose (MTD)

Secondary outcome:

Safety Evaluation (3 weeks on / 1 week off) - Assessment of the proportion of subjects with different grades of toxicities

Safety and Tolerability (daily plerixafor) - Assessment of the proportion of subjects with different grades of toxicities

Determination of Plasma PK Parameters

Exploratory Objective #1 - Preliminary data assessment on anti-tumor efficacy

Exploratory Objective #2 - Investigation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) penetration of plerixafor

Exploratory Objective #3 - Investigation of tumor tissue penetration of plerixafor

Exploratory Objective #4 - Investigation of the correlation of treatment response with laboratory correlates including circulating biomarkers

Detailed description:

- This study is organized into cycles. Each cycle lasts four weeks (28 days). Cycles

occur back to back without a break in between.

- Plerixafor is given as subcutaneous injection (under the skin). The injection should

be given at approximately the same time each day (If participants would like the option to administer their Plerixfor in the evening rather than in the morning on non-clinic days, this is a possibility, provided certain conditions are met). The research doctor will specify which days participants should take plerixafor. In general, plerixafor will be given once daily during the first three weeks of every cycle (during part 3, patients will receive plerixafor the last week of each cycle, as well). For the first week (5-7 days) of Cycle 1, the injections will be given in the clinic and the nurses will teach the participant and their spouse/friend/family member how to administer the injections.

- Bevacizumab (10 mg/kg) will be given as an infusion on Days 1 and 15 of each cycle.

- During Part 1 the investigators are looking for the highest dose of the study drug that

can be administered safely in combination with bevacizumab so not everyone who participates will receive the same dose of the study drug. The dose given will depend upon on the number of participants who have been enrolled and how well they have tolerated their doses.

- During Part 2, before patient begins their post-surgical cycles of treatment,

plerixafor will be administered daily for 5-9 days at the MTD established in Part 1 of the study; patient will continue to surgery; and once recovered from surgery, patient will begin post-surgical cycles of treatment (plerixafor and bevacizumab) at the MTD/regimen established in Part 1 of the study.

- In addition to taking the study medication, participants will have the following tests

and procedures done: physical and neurological exam, assessments of the tumor by MRI or CT scan, routine and research blood tests, routine urine tests, pregnancy test (if applicable), ECG, collection of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) via spinal tap.

- Participants may remain in this research study as long as their tumor is responding or

it is determined that receiving further study drugs will not be safe.

Eligibility

Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- Histologic diagnosis of glioblastoma (GBM), gliosarcoma, anaplastic astrocytoma (AA),

anaplastic oligodendroglioma (AO), or anaplastic mixed oligoastrocytoma (AOA). Patients are eligible if the original histology was lower-grade glioma.

- Unequivocal progression by MRI or CT

- Patients with recurrence who undergo resection and are left without measurable or

evaluable disease are eligible.

- Patients must have recurrent disease and may have had any number of prior relapses

(including no prior relapses) on NON-anti-VEGF(R) containing regimens. Relapse is defined as progression following initial therapy. For patients who progressed on a prior anti-VEGF(R) containing regimen including bevacizumab, only one prior relapse on an anti-VEGF(R) containing regimen is allowed.

- 18 years of age or older

- Karnofsky performance status of 60 or greater

- Normal organ and marrow function as outlined in the protocol

- Ability to understand and willingness to sign a written informed consent document.

- Protocol treatment must begin within 5 consecutive days after registration

- Patients enrolled in Part 2 must be willing to undergo surgical resection and have

sufficient pre-treatment archival tumor tissue available for molecular analysis

- Women of child-bearing potential must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test

within 72 hours before the start of the investigational product. In addition, female subjects of child-bearing potential and male subjects with partners of child-bearing potential must agree to use an effective means of birth control while on study therapy and for a minimum of 4 months following last plerixafor dose and 6 months following last bevacizumab dose. Effective birth control includes:

- birth control pills, depot progesterone, or an intrauterine device plus one barrier

method;

- or 2 barrier methods. Effective barrier methods are male and female condoms,

diaphragms, and spermicides (creams or gels that contain a chemical to kill sperm). Hormonal contraceptive methods are not sufficient, as information about any interaction of plerixafor with hormonal contraceptives is not known. Exclusion Criteria:

- Patients who have had prior chemotherapy within the past 4 weeks (6 weeks for

nitrosoureas or mitomycin C). Patients must be off treatment with Temozolomide for at least 23 days. Patients who received non-cytotoxic drug therapy must be off treatment for at least 2 weeks. For patients enrolling in Part 1 or Part 3 AND who have progressed on a prior bevacizumab-containing regimen, patients may continue treatment with bevacizumab 10 mg/kg monotherapy, with last dose of bevacizumab administered no fewer than 14 days from start of Plerixafor and bevacizumab. For participants enrolling in Part 1 or Part 3 AND who have progressed on a prior anti-VEGF(R) (other than bevacizumab) containing regimen, patients must be off anti-VEGF(R) treatment for at least 28 days before receiving Plerixafor and bevacizumab. For patients enrolled in Part 2 (surgical substudy) AND who have progressed on a prior bevacizumab or other anti-VEGF(R) containing regimen, patients must be off anti-VEGF(R) treatment for at least 28 days prior to surgery. NOTE: Participants must have recovered to a grade 0 or 1 from any clinically significant toxicity related to prior therapy (with the exception of lymphopenia, which is common after therapy with temozolomide). For any patient who received prior bevacizumab or an anti-VEGF(R) therapy, patient must NOT have discontinued that treatment regimen due to a treatment-related toxicity.

- In order to prevent registering patients with pseudoprogression rather than true

disease progression, patients must not have received any form of cranial radiation within 12 weeks of study entry. NOTE: Patients who have received cranial radiation within 12 weeks of study entry will be allowed to register to trial only if progressive disease is confirmed via biopsy.

- Major surgical procedure (including craniotomy) or significant traumatic injury less

than 28 days or those who receive minor surgical procedures (e. g. core biopsy or fine needle aspiration) within 7 days.

- Patients may not be receiving any other investigational agents within the past 28

days. NOTE: If agent's half-life x 5 is < 28 days, patient may have taken it within the last 28 days, provided at least 5 half-lives have passed since having last taken it.

- Patients who have had prior therapy with CXCR4 inhibitors.

- Patients with one prior relapse on a bevacizumab or an anti-VEGF(R) (i. e. VEGF-trap,

vandetanib, cediranib, sunitinib, sorafenib, XL184, etc.) containing regimen are allowed to participate.

- Prior therapy with thalidomide and lenalidomide is allowed.

- Patients who have received prior treatment with implanted radiotherapy or

chemotherapy sources such as wafers of polifeprosan 20 with carmustine (e. g. Gliadel wafers).

- History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic

composition to plerixafor or bevacizumab.

- For the first 20 patients to register, no anti-coagulation is allowed; for all

subsequent patients screened, patients requiring therapeutic anticoagulation with warfarin at baseline are excluded (however, therapeutic or prophylactic therapy with a low-molecular weight heparin is acceptable).

- Patients must not have a known coagulopathy that increases risk of bleeding or a

history of clinically significant hemorrhages in the past.

- Patients whose MRI scan demonstrates intratumoral hemorrhage or peritumoral

hemorrhage are not eligible for treatment if deemed significant by the treating physician.

- Patients with gastrointestinal bleeding or any other hemorrhage/bleeding event CTCAE

Grade >/= 3 within 30 days prior to study entry.

- Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including but not limited to uncontrolled

hypertension, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.

- Patients with greater than 1+ proteinuria on a urine dipstick or equivalent routine

laboratory analysis will require further testing with a urine protein to creatinine ratio.

- History of myocardial infarction, unstable angina, stroke, or TIA within 6 months

prior to planned Day 1 of dosing

- History of non-healing wounds or ulcers, or bone refractures within 3 months of

fracture

- History of abdominal fistula, gastrointestinal perforation, or intraabdominal abscess

within 6 months prior to planned Day 1 of dosing

- HIV-positive patients on combination antiretroviral therapy

- Participants with a history of a different malignancy are ineligible except for the

following circumstances: Individuals with a history of other malignancies are eligible if they have been disease-free for at least 3 years AND are deemed by the investigator to be at low risk for recurrence of that malignancy. Individuals with the following cancers are eligible if diagnosed and treated within the past 3 years: cervical cancer in situ, and basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin.

- Pregnant and breastfeeding women

- Men or women of childbearing potential who are unwilling or unable to use an

acceptable method to avoid pregnancy for the entire study period and for up a minimum of 4 months following last Plerixafor dose and 6 months following last bevacizumab dose.

Locations and Contacts

Patrick Y. Wen, MD, Phone: 617-632-2166, Email: pwen@partners.org

Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, United States; Recruiting
Lisa M Doherty, APRN, OCN, Phone: 617-632-5925, Email: Lisa_Doherty@dfci.harvard.edu
Christine J Sceppa McCluskey, Phone: 617-632-5394, Email: christine_sceppa@dfci.harvard.edu
Patrick Y. Wen, MD, Principal Investigator

Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02214, United States; Recruiting
Elizabeth Gerstner, MD, Phone: 617-724-8770, Email: egerstner@partners.org
Noreen M Leahy, NP, Phone: 617-724-0271, Email: nleahy@partners.org
Tracy Batchelor, MD, Sub-Investigator

Additional Information

Starting date: December 2011
Last updated: June 11, 2015

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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