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The Effect of Bitter, Umami and Sweet Tastants on Food Intake

Information source: Maastricht University Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Obesity

Intervention: umami (Dietary Supplement); bitter (Dietary Supplement); sweet (Dietary Supplement)

Phase: N/A

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: Maastricht University Medical Center

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Prof Masclee, MD,PhD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Maastricht University Medical Center


Rationale: The appearance of tastants in the small intestine can result in the activation of a negative feedback mechanism from different parts of the intestine to the stomach, the small intestine and to the central nervous system. These processes inhibit food processing, appetite sensations and food intake, and furthermore they increase feelings of satiety and satiation. We will investigate the effects of intraduodenal infusion of quinine 75mg (bitter), rebaudioside A 540mg (sweet), monosodium glutamate 2g (umami), a combination of these tastants (quinine, rebaudioside A, monosodium glutamate) and placebo (5 test days in total) on ad libitum food intake, satiation and in vivo release of the gut satiety peptides CCK and GLP-1. Study design: To assess the effect of intraduodenal infusion of single ingredients and a combination of tastants (bitter, umami and sweet) on ad libitum food intake. Secondary Objective(s): 1. To investigate the effect of intraduodenal delivery of a combination of tastants on satiation. 2. To assess the effect of intraduodenal delivery of a combination of tastants on gastrointestinal hormone release. 3. To assess the effects of the tastants quinine, rebaudioside A and monosodium glutamate on the parameters as mentioned under the primary objective, and under secondary objectives 1 and 2. 4. To compare the effects, as mentioned under the primary objective, and under secondary objectives 1 and 2, of the combination of tastants to those of the three single tastants quinine, rebaudioside A and monosodium glutamate.

Clinical Details

Official title: The Effect of Bitter, Umami and Sweet Tastants on Food Intake

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Subject), Primary Purpose: Basic Science

Primary outcome: Ad libitum meal intake

Secondary outcome:


Gut hormones


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 65 Years. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

- Based on medical history and previous examination, no gastrointestinal complaints can

be defined.

- Age between 18 and 65 years. This study will include healthy adult subjects (male and

female). Women must be taking contraceptives.

- BMI between 18 and 25 kg/m2)

- Weight stable over at least the last 6 months

Exclusion Criteria:

- History of severe cardiovascular, respiratory, urogenital, gastrointestinal/ hepatic,

hematological/immunologic, HEENT (head, ears, eyes, nose, throat), dermatological/connective tissue, musculoskeletal, metabolic/nutritional, endocrine, neurological/psychiatric diseases, allergy, major surgery and/or laboratory assessments which might limit participation in or completion of the study protocol. The severity of the disease (major interference with the execution of the experiment or potential influence on the study outcomes) will be decided by the principal investigator.

- Use of medication, including vitamin supplementation, except oral contraceptives,

within 14 days prior to testing

- Administration of investigational drugs or participation in any scientific

intervention study which may interfere with this study (to be decided by the principle investigator), in the 180 days prior to the study

- Major abdominal surgery interfering with gastrointestinal function (uncomplicated

appendectomy, cholecystectomy and hysterectomy allowed, and other surgery upon judgement of the principle investigator)

- Dieting (medically prescribed, vegetarian, diabetic, macrobiological, biological


- Pregnancy, lactation

- Excessive alcohol consumption (>20 alcoholic consumptions per week)

- Smoking

- Blood donation within 3 months before the study period

- Self-admitted HIV-positive state

- Weight <60kg

- Non-tasters of sweet, bitter or umami

- Evidence of MSG-hypersensitivity or Chinese restaurant syndrome

Locations and Contacts

Maastricht University Medical Center, Maastricht, Netherlands
Additional Information

Starting date: September 2013
Last updated: October 13, 2014

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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