DrugLib.com — Drug Information Portal

Rx drug information, pharmaceutical research, clinical trials, news, and more

Liothyronine (T3) for Bipolar Depression

Information source: North Shore Long Island Jewish Health System
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Depression; Bipolar Disorder

Intervention: Liothyronine (T3) (Drug); placebo (Drug)

Phase: Phase 3

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: North Shore Long Island Jewish Health System

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Raphael J Braga, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: The Zucker Hillside Hospital, North Shore - LIJHS


This study evaluates the efficacy of the thyroid hormone T3 for depression in patients with bipolar disorder. In this study patients will be randomized to receive T3 or placebo.

Clinical Details

Official title: Randomized Double-Blind Trial of Liothyronine (T3) Augmentation to Treatment as Usual vs Placebo For The Treatment of Bipolar Depression

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression Scores

Secondary outcome:

Clinician-Administered Rating Scale for Mania

Clinical Global Impression Scores

Detailed description: Bipolar affective disorder is a debilitating illness, and is characterized by depression episodes that dominates the longitudinal course and are most difficult to treat. Controlled trials with monotherapy mood stabilizers such as lithium and valproate show little to no efficacy and antidepressants may offer no additional efficacy. Recently there has been a growing interest in the use of quetiapine in bipolar depression. However, a successful treatment may take up to 8 weeks, and full remission is achieved in only 50% of patients. Thyroid hormone augmentation strategies have been used in unipolar depression with good results, but there is a paucity of its efficacy in bipolar depression (BD). To our knowledge there are no controlled studies regarding the efficacy of thyroid augmentation in BD. The present study proposes to evaluate the efficacy of T3 as an augmentation to treatment as usual in the treatment of BD. We plan to enroll patients with bipolar disorder I or II who

are currently presenting with depressive symptoms. Patients will be randomized to 2 groups -

liothyronine or placebo Results will provide information on the possible role of thyroid hormone augmentation in the treatment of patients with bipolar depression, and may contribute to alleviate the burden of this disabling condition.


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 65 Years. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria: 1. Age 18-65; 2. DSM-IV diagnosis of BP I or BP II as per SCID; 3. Currently presenting with at least moderate levels of depression (HAM-D > 15; 4. Patient has to be on stable dose of at least one mood stabilizer (lithium, valproate, carbamazepine, lamotrigine, second generation antipsychotics) for at least 4 weeks as per history; 5. Antidepressants and/or additional mood stabilizers are allowed, but dose should be stable for at least 2 weeks; Exclusion Criteria: 1. Evidence of acute mania or hypomania (as measured by CARS-M > 7); 2. Abnormal (outside of lab normal range) thyroid function tests; 3. Current thyroid hormone treatment; 4. Any medical condition considered a contraindication for treatment with T3 (i. e. history of myocardial infarction, cardiac arrhythmia, severe cardiac insufficiency, Autoimmune Thyroid Disease /Hashimoto's Thyroiditis as determined by anti-thyroid antibody testing, previous or current thyroid adenoma, hyperthyroidism); 5. EKG showing rhythm other than sinus or repolarization phase abnormalities; 6. Current alcohol or substance abuse or dependence in past month as per SCID; 7. Score of 3 or more on the suicide item of the HAM-D; 8. Females who are pregnant, breastfeeding, or of childbearing age and not using adequate birth control.

Locations and Contacts

The Zucker Hillside Hospital, Glen Oaks, New York 11004, United States
Additional Information

Starting date: July 2008
Last updated: June 5, 2015

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

-- advertisement -- The American Red Cross
Home | About Us | Contact Us | Site usage policy | Privacy policy

All Rights reserved - Copyright DrugLib.com, 2006-2017