DrugLib.com — Drug Information Portal

Rx drug information, pharmaceutical research, clinical trials, news, and more



Open-Label, Pilot Protocol of Patients With Rheumatoid Arthritis Who Switch to Infliximab After Incomplete Response to Etanercept

Information source: Centocor, Inc.
Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on December 31, 2007
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Rheumatoid Arthritis

Intervention: infliximab, etanercept (Drug)

Phase: Phase 3

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: Centocor, Inc.

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Centocor, Inc. Clinical Trial, Study Director, Affiliation: Centocor, Inc.

Summary

The purpose of this study, in patients with rheumatoid arthritis who have had an incomplete response to etanercept and methotrexate (MTX), are to evaluate: safety and evidence of therapeutic benefit of infliximab and methotrexate, the levels (pharmacokinetics) of etanercept and infliximab and antibodies (immunogenecity) to etanercept and infliximab in patients blood, whether switching from etanercept to infliximab changes progression of structural damage over the study period, and whether specific markers in the blood (pharmacodynamics) correlate with therapeutic response or benefit.

Clinical Details

Official title: Open-Label, Pilot Protocol of Patients With Rheumatoid Arthritis Who Switch to Infliximab After Incomplete Response to Etanercept

Study design: Treatment, Randomized, Open Label, Active Control, Crossover Assignment, Safety/Efficacy Study

Primary outcome: Evaluate safety and evidence of therapeutic benefit of infliximab and methotrexate, in patients with rheumatoid arthritis who have had an incomplete response to etanercept and methotrexate (MTX), at week 16

Secondary outcome: Evaluate pharmacokinetics, immunogenecity, structural damage and pharmacodynamics over the study period

Detailed description: Therapeutic agents designed to bind and block the biological activities of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFα) have been shown to be effective in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Two anti-TNFα agents are currently marketed for the treatment of RA; etanercept (Enbrel®) and infliximab (REMICADE®). Clinical trials have shown that both of these agents rapidly improve signs and symptoms associated with RA in the majority of patients. Moreover, they slow, and may even arrest or improve, the joint structural damage that accompanies RA. While infliximab and etanercept are designed to block the biological activities of TNFα, these agents are sufficiently different in their structure that they may have distinct, as well as overlapping, mechanisms of action. The clearest evidence of this possibility can be inferred from their differential activities in certain diseases such as Crohn's disease in which infliximab, but not etanercept, shows beneficial therapeutic activity. The mechanism of their differential biological activities is not known. That infliximab and etanercept show differential activities in other diseases suggests that they may also have distinct effects in RA. The question of whether or not patients who fail to respond to or incompletely respond to etanercept can still respond to infliximab has potentially important therapeutic implications. Evidence that such patients respond to infliximab could support the notion that these agents have important differences in their mechanisms of action, or could be explained by the presence of antibodies to etanercept. More importantly, it would suggest that therapeutic failure of one TNFα-blocker does not necessarily predict failure of all TNFα-targeting agents. Such a finding could open important therapeutic alternatives to RA patients and is of clear importance because this class of biologics (biologic agent) represents the most significant advance to date in the treatment of RA. This initial open-label, pilot study will be performed in approximately 24 patients with RA who have who have achieved some therapeutic benefit from treatment with concomitant etanercept and MTX for a minimum of 3 months, but the response must be an incomplete response, and patients must have a minimum of 9 tender and 6 swollen joints while receiving concomitant etanercept and MTX. It will assess safety and evidence of therapeutic benefit of infliximab in this patient population. The study will examine any differences in the pharmacokinetics and immunogenicity of etanercept and infliximab in patients who are incomplete responders to etanercept. This is an open-label, exploratory study and no formal hypothesis is being tested. This study will provide a preliminary assessment of safety and evidence of therapeutic benefit of infliximab plus MTX in patients with RA who are incomplete responders to etanercept plus MTX. One group will receive intravenous infliximab infusions at a dose of 3 mg/kg at weeks 0, 2, 6 14 and 22. The second group will receive etanercept injections, 25 mg subcutaneously twice weekly from week 0 through 16 and may receive intravenous infliximab infusions at 3 mg/kg on weeks 16, 18 & 22.

Eligibility

Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria: Patients have a diagnosis of RA according to the revised 1987 criteria of the American Rheumatism Association

Have been receiving background MTX for at least 2 months prior to week - 4

Have been receiving a stable etanercept dose of 25 mg subcutaneously twice weekly for at

least 2 months prior to week - 4

Must have been using oral or parenteral MTX for the 2 months prior to screening and at a

stable dose of 7. 5 to 25 mg per week between week - 4 and week 0

Have shown improvement in signs and symptoms of RA in response to etanercept and MTX according to both the patient and the treating physician Have active disease as defined by both a TJC of at least 9 (on the 68 joint set) and SJC of at least 6 (on the 66 joint set) Have a documented negative reaction to a purified protein derivative (PPD) skin test (PPD induration< 5 mm) performed within 3 months prior to the week 0 visit Exclusion Criteria: Patients have been receiving corticosteroids (ie, via any route) at doses > 10 mg prednisone equivalent daily or have not been taking a stable dose of corticosteroids for at

least 1 month prior to week - 4

Have started receiving nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) within 1 month of week

- 4 or have not been on a stable dose of NSAIDs for at least 1 month prior to week -4

Have received disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs) or immunosuppressives (except MTX) for at least 1 month prior to week 0 Patients who have received any prior treatment with infliximab or with any other therapeutic agent targeted at reducing TNF, except etanercept, (e. g.pentoxifylline or thalidomide) Patients with a concomitant diagnosis of Congestive Heart Failure, including medically controlled asymptomatic patients Any current known malignancy or history of malignancy within the previous 5 years Serious infection within the past 3 months or history of chronic infection such as hepatitis, pneumonia, or pyelonephritis in the previous 3 months, any opportunistic infections Known substance abuse (drug or alcohol) within the previous 3 years Are pregnant, nursing, or planning pregnancy (both men and women) during the trial or within the 6-month period thereafter

Locations and Contacts

Additional Information

Open-label, Pilot Protocol of Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis Who Switch to Infliximab after Incomplete Response to Etanercept

For FDA Approved Product labeling, refer to the following link:http://www.accessdata.fda.gov/scripts/cder/drugsatfda/

Additional information is provided at the following link;http://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailymed/about.cfm

For FDA Safety Alerts and Recalls refer to the following link:www.fda.gov/MEDWATCH/safety.htm

Starting date: June 2003
Ending date: November 2004
Last updated: June 21, 2007

Page last updated: December 31, 2007

-- advertisement -- The American Red Cross
 
Home | About Us | Contact Us | Site usage policy | Privacy policy

All Rights reserved - Copyright DrugLib.com, 2006-2014