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Corticosteroids With Placebo Versus Corticosteroids With Propranolol Treatment of Infantile Hemangiomas (IH)

Information source: Seattle Children's Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Hemangioma

Intervention: Prednisolone (Corticosteroid) (Drug); Propranolol (Drug); Placebo (Drug)

Phase: Phase 2

Status: Terminated

Sponsored by: Seattle Children's Hospital

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Jonathan A Perkins, DO, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Seattle Children's Hospital


This is a prospective randomized, double-blind study to compare the clinical efficacy of infantile hemangioma treatment using propranolol with corticosteroids as compared to therapy with corticosteroids and placebo. We hypothesize that a two-month treatment period with propranolol plus corticosteroids is more effective at reducing infantile hemangioma size and vascularity when compared to corticosteroids used without propranolol for the same time period.

Clinical Details

Official title: A Phase II, Randomized, Double-Blind Comparison of Corticosteroid and Corticosteroids With Propranolol Treatment of Infantile Hemangiomas (IH)

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome:

Compare Changes in IH Size and Vascularity for Subjects Randomized to Receive Initial Treatment With Corticosteroid-only Therapy Versus Combination Therapy With Corticosteroids Plus Propranolol

Lesion Regression

Secondary outcome:

Determine Therapeutic Response of IH to Propranolol Among Patients Who Switch to Corticosteroids Plus Propranolol Therapy After Failing to Respond to Corticosteroids Alone.

Assess the Safety of Propranolol With Corticosteroids and Corticosteroids Alone in the Treatment of IH.

Demonstrate How Duplex Scanning to Assess Blood Vessel Density and Qualitative Color Ratings of Cutaneous Lesions From Photographs Can be Used to Measure and Quantify Changes in IH Size and Vascularity in a Clinically Relevant Manner.

Detailed description: Infantile hemangiomas (IH) are the most common head and neck pediatric tumors. Presence of these tumors can lead to complications of vision and airway compromise, bleeding and disfigurement. Medical treatment of these lesions has traditionally been focused on stopping new blood vessel growth with corticosteroids. Recent reports and our own experience have demonstrated that significant reduction in IH size and vascularity can also occur through the use of propranolol. Our initial experience with propranolol has demonstrated significant efficacy with fewer side effects than corticosteroids. Despite this experience, the standard of care for initial IH medical therapy remains corticosteroids. This Trial is a direct comparison of traditional IH therapy with corticosteroids to newer therapy with propranolol and corticosteroids.


Minimum age: N/A. Maximum age: 9 Months. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

- Age 0 to < 9months

- Patients with clinical, radiographic or histologic diagnosis of infantile hemangioma

(IH) requiring medical treatment

- IH patients whose parents desire medical treatment for the IH

- Stable cardiac function

Exclusion Criteria:

- IH patients over 9 months of age.

- Hypersensitivity to propranolol

- Untreated heart failure: If the patient has heart failure associated with the

hemangioma, propranolol would be initiated after anti-congestive therapy and under observation as an in-patient.

- Atrioventricular (AV) block

- Resting heart < 2 SD of normal*(below)

- Resting blood pressure < 2 SD of normal**(below)

- Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome (WPW)

- History of unexplained syncope

- Bronchial asthma

- History of impaired renal or liver function

- Diabetes mellitus

Locations and Contacts

Seattle Children's Hospital, Seattle, Washington 98105, United States
Additional Information

Seattle Children's Vascular Anomalies Program

Research Flyer

Related publications:

Cushing SL, Boucek RJ, Manning SC, Sidbury R, Perkins JA. Initial experience with a multidisciplinary strategy for initiation of propranolol therapy for infantile hemangiomas. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2011 Jan;144(1):78-84. doi: 10.1177/0194599810390445.

Truong MT, Perkins JA, Messner AH, Chang KW. Propranolol for the treatment of airway hemangiomas: a case series and treatment algorithm. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2010 Sep;74(9):1043-8. doi: 10.1016/j.ijporl.2010.06.001. Epub 2010 Jul 31.

Starting date: February 2010
Last updated: December 11, 2013

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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