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Studies of the Ocular Complications of AIDS (SOCA)--Foscarnet-Ganciclovir CMV Retinitis Trial (FGCRT)

Information source: Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 20, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: HIV Infections; Cytomegalovirus Retinitis

Intervention: Foscarnet (Drug); Ganciclovir (Drug)

Phase: Phase 3

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

Summary

To evaluate the relative safety and efficacy of ganciclovir and foscarnet as initial treatment of patients with cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis.

Clinical Details

Official title: Foscarnet-Ganciclovir CMV Retinitis Trial

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: survival, retinitis progression, loss of visual function (visual acuity and visual field), and morbidity

Detailed description: CMV retinitis is the most common intraocular infection in patients with AIDS and is estimated to affect 35 to 40 percent of patients with AIDS. Untreated CMV retinitis is a progressive disorder, the end result of which is total retinal destruction and blindness. The first two drugs approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of CMV retinitis were ganciclovir (Cytovene) and foscarnet (Foscavir). At the time of this trial, both ganciclovir and foscarnet were available only as intravenous formulations. Both drugs were given in a similar two-step fashion: an initial 2-week course of high-dose therapy (induction) to control the infection followed by long-term lower dose therapy to prevent relapse (maintenance). The FGCRT compared foscarnet and ganciclovir as initial therapy for CMV retinitis. The FGCRT was a multicenter, randomized, controlled clinical trial comparing foscarnet and ganciclovir as initial therapy for CMV retinitis. Patients with previously untreated CMV retinitis were randomized to therapy with either intravenous ganciclovir or intravenous foscarnet. The outcome measures of this trial were survival, retinitis progression, loss of visual function (visual acuity and visual field), and morbidity.

Eligibility

Minimum age: 13 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion criteria:

- CMV retinitis in one or both eyes

- At least 1/4 disk are of one CMV lesion photographable

- Diagnosis of AIDS as defined by Center for Disease Control criteria or documented HIV

infection

- Age 13 and greater

- Visual acuity ≥ 3/200 in at least one eye diagnosed with CMV retinitis

- Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1,000 cells/µl

- Platelet ≥ 25,000 cells/µl

- Serum creatinine ≥ 2. 0 mg/dl

- Karnofsky score ≥ 60

- Informed consent

Exclusion criteria:

- Previous treatment of CMV retinitis

- Treatment with anti-CMV therapy for an extra-ocular CMV infection currently or in the

past 28 days

- Known or suspected allergy to study drugs

- Pregnant or Lactating

Locations and Contacts

Additional Information

http://www.nei.nih.gov/NEWS/clinicalalerts/alert-soca-fgcrt.asp

http://www.nei.nih.gov/news/pressreleases/fgcrtpressrelease.asp

Related publications:

Studies of ocular complications of AIDS Foscarnet-Ganciclovir Cytomegalovirus Retinitis Trial: 1. Rationale, design, and methods. AIDS Clinical Trials Group (ACTG). Control Clin Trials. 1992 Feb;13(1):22-39.

Assessment of cytomegalovirus retinitis. Clinical evaluation vs centralized grading of fundus photographs. Studies of Ocular Complications of AIDS Research Group, AIDS Clinical Trials Group. Arch Ophthalmol. 1996 Jul;114(7):791-805.

Clinical vs photographic assessment of treatment of cytomegalovirus retinitis. Foscarnet-Ganciclovir Cytomegalovirus Retinitis Trial Report 8. Studies of Ocular Complications of AIDS Research Group, AIDS Clinical Trials Group. Arch Ophthalmol. 1996 Jul;114(7):848-55.

Wu AW, Coleson LC, Holbrook J, Jabs DA. Measuring visual function and quality of life in patients with cytomegalovirus retinitis. Development of a questionnaire. Studies of Ocular Complication of AIDS Research Group. Arch Ophthalmol. 1996 Jul;114(7):841-7.

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) culture results, drug resistance, and clinical outcome in patients with AIDS and CMV retinitis treated with foscarnet or ganciclovir. Studies of Ocular Complications of AIDS (SOCA) in collaboration with the AIDS Clinical Trial Group. J Infect Dis. 1997 Jul;176(1):50-8.

Foscarnet-Ganciclovir Cytomegalovirus Retinitis Trial: 5. Clinical features of cytomegalovirus retinitis at diagnosis. Studies of ocular complications of AIDS Research Group in collaboration with the AIDS Clinical Trials Group. Am J Ophthalmol. 1997 Aug;124(2):141-57.

Rhegmatogenous retinal detachment in patients with cytomegalovirus retinitis: the Foscarnet-Ganciclovir Cytomegalovirus Retinitis Trial. The Studies of Ocular Complications of AIDS (SOCA) Research Group in Collaboration with the AIDS Clinical Trials Group (ACTG). Am J Ophthalmol. 1997 Jul;124(1):61-70.

Mortality in patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome treated with either foscarnet or ganciclovir for cytomegalovirus retinitis. Studies of Ocular Complications of AIDS Research Group, in collaboration with the AIDS Clinical Trials Group. N Engl J Med. 1992 Jan 23;326(4):213-20. Erratum in: N Engl J Med 1992 Apr 23;326(17):1172.

Foscarnet-Ganciclovir Cytomegalovirus Retinitis Trial. 4. Visual outcomes. Studies of Ocular Complications of AIDS Research Group in collaboration with the AIDS Clinical Trials Group. Ophthalmology. 1994 Jul;101(7):1250-61.

Antiviral effects of foscarnet and ganciclovir therapy on human immunodeficiency virus p24 antigen in patients with AIDS and cytomegalovirus retinitis. Studies of Ocular Complications of AIDS Research Group in collaboration with AIDS Clinical Trials Group. J Infect Dis. 1995 Sep;172(3):613-21.

Morbidity and toxic effects associated with ganciclovir or foscarnet therapy in a randomized cytomegalovirus retinitis trial. Studies of ocular complications of AIDS Research Group, in collaboration with the AIDS Clinical Trials Group. Arch Intern Med. 1995 Jan 9;155(1):65-74.

Wu AW, Revicki DA, Jacobson D, Malitz FE. Evidence for reliability, validity and usefulness of the Medical Outcomes Study HIV Health Survey (MOS-HIV). Qual Life Res. 1997 Aug;6(6):481-93. Review.

Holbrook JT, Davis MD, Hubbard LD, Martin BK, Holland GN, Jabs DA, Gilpin AK, Meinert C, Reshef DS. Risk factors for advancement of cytomegalovirus retinitis in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Studies of Ocular Complications of AIDS Research Group. Arch Ophthalmol. 2000 Sep;118(9):1196-204.

Starting date: March 1990
Last updated: April 17, 2015

Page last updated: August 20, 2015

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