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Regulatory T Cells in Type 1 Diabetes Patients Treated With IL-2

Information source: Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Type 1 Diabetes

Intervention: Aldesleukin (Proleukin) (Drug)

Phase: Phase 1/Phase 2

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Frank Waldron-Lynch, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: University of Cambridge


Type 1 diabetes is the most common severe chronic autoimmune disease worldwide and is caused by the autoimmune (loss of self tolerance) mediated destruction of the insulin producing pancreatic beta cells thus leading to insulin deficiency and development of hyperglycaemia. Currently, medical management of type 1 diabetes focuses on intensive insulin replacement therapy to limit complications (retinopathy, nephropathy, neuropathy); nevertheless clinical outcomes remain sub optimal. There are intensive efforts to design novel immunotherapies that can arrest the autoimmune process and thereby preserve residual insulin production leading to fewer complications and better clinical outcomes. The vast majority of genes that contribute to susceptibility to type 1 diabetes have been found to encode proteins involved in immune regulation and function. In particular, several susceptibility proteins are involved in the interleukin 2 (IL-2) pathway that regulates T cell activation and tolerance to self antigens. Aldesleukin is a human recombinant IL-2 product produced by recombinant DNA technology using genetically engineered E. coli stain containing an analog of the human interleukin-2 gene. There is substantial nonclinical, preclinical and clinical data that ultra low dose IL-2 (aldesleukin) therapy can arrest the autoimmune mediated destruction of pancreatic beta cells by induction of functional T regulatory cells. However, prior to embarking on large proof of concept trials in type 1 diabetes it is essential that the optimum dose of IL-2 (aldesleukin) is determined. The objective of this study is to establish in patients with type 1 diabetes the optimal dose of IL-2 (aldesleukin) to administer in order to increase T regulatory cell response.

Clinical Details

Official title: Adaptive Study of IL-2 Dose on Regulatory T Cells in Type 1 Diabetes (DILT1D)

Study design: Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics/Dynamics Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Basic Science

Primary outcome: The primary endpoint is based upon the percentage of CD4+T regulatory (defined as CD3+CD4+CD25highCD127low) cells within the CD3+CD4+T cell gate following treatment with IL-2.

Secondary outcome:

T regulatory cell phenotype and stability

T effector cell number and phenotype

T cell subset proliferation and populations

Intracellular T cell and natural killer(NK) cell signalling

T regulatory cell function

IL-2 pathway genotype

Lymphocyte Subsets

Serum Cytokines

Glycaemic control

Number of Participants with Adverse Events as a Measure of Safety and Tolerability


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 50 Years. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

- Written informed consent

- Type 1 diabetes

- 18-50 years

- Duration of diabetes less than 24 months from diagnosis

- One positive autoantibody (anti-islet cell, anti-GAD, anti-IA2, anti-ZnT8)

Exclusion Criteria:

- Hypersensitivity to aldesleukin or any of the excipients

- History of severe cardiac disease

- History of malignancy within the past 5 years (with the exception of localized

carcinoma of the skin that had been resected for cure or cervical carcinoma in situ)

- History or concurrent use of immunosuppressive agents or steroids

- History of unstable diabetes with recurrent hypoglycaemia

- Active autoimmune, hyper or hypothyroidism

- Active clinical infection

- Major pre-existing organ dysfunction or previous organ allograft

- Females who are pregnant, lactating or intend to get pregnant during the study -

Males who intend to father a pregnancy during the study

- Donation of more than 500 ml of blood within 2 months prior to aldesleukin


- Participation in a previous therapeutic clinical trial within 2 months prior to

aldesleukin administration

- Abnormal ECG Abnormal full blood count, chronic renal failure (Stage 3,4,5) and/or

evidence impaired liver function

- Positive Hepatitis B surface Antigen (HBsAg) or Hepatitis C serology or Human

Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) test

- Any medical history or clinically relevant abnormality that is deemed by the

principal investigator and/or medical monitor to make the patient ineligible for inclusion because of a safety concern

Locations and Contacts

Wellcome Trust Clinical Research Facility, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge CB2 0QQ, United Kingdom
Additional Information

DILT1D trial Web site

DILT1D trial facebook page

DILT1D trial Twitter update

Related publications:

Waldron-Lynch F, Kareclas P, Irons K, Walker NM, Mander A, Wicker LS, Todd JA, Bond S. Rationale and study design of the Adaptive study of IL-2 dose on regulatory T cells in type 1 diabetes (DILT1D): a non-randomised, open label, adaptive dose finding trial. BMJ Open. 2014 Jun 4;4(6):e005559. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2014-005559.

Starting date: March 2013
Last updated: June 22, 2015

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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