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Evaluating the Effectiveness of Intravenous Immunoglobulin Therapy in Autoimmune Autonomic Ganglionopathy

Information source: Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Autoimmune Autonomic Ganglionopathy (AAG)

Intervention: IVIG (Drug)

Phase: Phase 2/Phase 3

Status: Recruiting

Sponsored by: Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Roy Freeman, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

Overall contact:
Peggy Rose, RN, BSN, Phone: 617-632-0899, Email: prose1@bidmc.harvard.edu


The purpose of the study is to see if administering intravenous immune globulin (IVIG) (putting immune globulin directly into your blood) helps to improve the symptoms of orthostatic hypotension (sudden fall in blood pressure when a person stands up) and quality of life in men and women who have autoimmune autonomic ganglionopathy (AAG).

Clinical Details

Official title: A Double-blind, Randomized, Placebo-controlled Trial to Evaluate the Efficacy of Intravenous Immunoglobulin Therapy in Autoimmune Autonomic Ganglionopathy.

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: The effect of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) study treatment on orthostatic hypotension during head up tilt.

Secondary outcome:

To determine the effects of 12 weeks of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) study treatment on orthostatic hypotension compared to 6 weeks of IVIG.

To determine the effects of 12 weeks of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) study treatment on autonomic symptoms.

To determine the effects of 12 weeks of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) study treatment on Composite Autonomic Severity Score (CASS).

To determine the effects of 12 weeks of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) study treatment on change in quality of life.

To provide a summary of the adverse events after 12 weeks of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG).

Detailed description: Autoimmune autonomic ganglionopathy (AAG) is a rare disease that results in severe dysautonomia (disorder of autonomic nervous system function). Many patients are unable to carry out activities of daily living due to autonomic symptoms that are do not respond well to therapy (such as drops in blood pressure while standing). The recent discovery of antibodies that cause AAG has stimulated interest in immunomodulatory therapy (therapies that modify the functioning of the immune system). Studies in which a positive clinical response to these therapies have been reported in patients with AAG using immunomodulatory therapy as a treatment. The investigators plan to carry out a blinded, randomized trial using IVIG. There have been no reported randomized clinical trials with any immunosuppressive agent in AAG. The proposed studies, if successful, will provide the first reliable clinical evidence, that therapy with IVIG is an effective treatment of AAG. Treatment for the symptoms of autonomic failure is only effective in mild cases. Most patients require therapy that would change the course of the disease, but at present there is no established therapeutic regimen. The natural course of untreated AAG is not known. To address these unresolved issues, this clinical trial has the following goals: 1. To measure the effect of IVIG treatment on orthostatic hypotension, autonomic symptoms and quality of life scores in patient participants with AAG. 2. To determine the durability of IVIG (how long the treatment is effective) on orthostatic hypotension, autonomic symptoms and quality of life scores in patient participants with AAG.


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 85 Years. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria: 1. Participants aged 18 to 85 2. Participants have neurogenic orthostatic hypotension (fall in systolic blood pressure > 30 mmHg). 3. Symptoms of orthostatic intolerance. 4. Antibodies to the neuronal AChR of the autonomic ganglia of >0. 2nmol/l. Results must be within 6 months of the screening visit and there may not have been any immunomodulatory interventions since the time of the antibody measurement or the sample will need to be reconfirmed at screening. 5. Participants must be willing to withdraw from medications that affect vasoactive and autonomic function for 5 half-lives during testing (with the exception of stable doses of fludrocortisone up to 0. 2 mg/day) and adhere to a regular diet Exclusion Criteria: 1. Women of childbearing potential (WOCP) who are not using a medically accepted contraception 2. Pregnant or lactating females- if participants become pregnant during the trial they will no longer receive IVIG, but will be followed as part of the intention to treat protocol. 3. Severe depression and/or anxiety (score of > 29 on the Beck Depression Inventory or score on the Beck Anxiety Inventory of ≥ 36) 4. Active psychosis is ineligible, history of psychosis will be eligible, but only after review with the patients PCP and/or treating mental health provider. 5. History of asthma 6. Other causes of autonomic failure (e. g., diabetes, amyloidosis) 7. History of allergic or anaphylactic reaction to humanized or murine antibodies. 8. History or presence of recurrent or chronic infection (recurrent infections defined as >4 times per year). 9. History of cancer, including solid tumors and hematologic malignancies (except fully resolved and resected cutaneous basal cell and squamous cell carcinomas of the skin) 10. History or presence of vascular disease potentially affecting brain or spinal cord (e. g., stroke, transient ischemic attack, carotid stenosis (greater than 80%), aortic aneurysm, intracranial aneurysm, hemorrhage, arteriovenous malformation) 11. History of severe, clinically significant central nervous system trauma (e. g., cerebral contusion, spinal cord compression) 12. History or presence of infectious causes of encephalopathy or myelopathy (e. g., syphilis, Lyme disease, human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 [HTLV-1], herpes zoster myelopathy) 13. History of thromboembolic events or deep vein thrombosis 14. Platelet count <100,000/mL, Hemoglobin <8. 5 g/dL, Neutrophils <1. 5 x 103/mL. 15. Serum IgA deficiency: Immunoglobulin A (IgA) level < 7 mg/dL. 16. History of immunosuppression or HIV/AIDS 17. History of cardiac arrhythmia or angina, electrocardiogram (ECG) showing significant abnormality that the treating investigator determines may jeopardize the participant's health (i. e., acute ischemia, left bundle branch, or bifascicular block) 18. History of renal failure or creatinine >2. 0 19. History of previous allergic response to albumin. 20. Treatment with IVIG or plasma exchange within 6 weeks of study enrollment. 21. Active adjustments of other immunomodulatory treatments. Patients that are on stable

doses of immunomodulatory medications (no dose changes within 4 months - including,

but not limited to prednisone, mycophenolate mofetil or azathioprine) but still have elevated antibody titers and meet criteria for inclusion will be allowed to participate in the study.

Locations and Contacts

Peggy Rose, RN, BSN, Phone: 617-632-0899, Email: prose1@bidmc.harvard.edu

Nih Ninds, Bethesda, Maryland 20895, United States; Not yet recruiting
LaToya Sewell, NP, Phone: 301-496-2103
David Goldstein, MD, PhD, Principal Investigator

Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, United States; Recruiting
Peggy Rose, RN, BSN, Phone: 617-632-0899, Email: prose1@bidmc.harvard.edu
Roy Freeman, MD, Principal Investigator

Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, United States; Recruiting
Tonette Gehrking, Phone: 507-284-4462, Email: gehrking.tonette@mayo.edu
Phillip Low, MD, Principal Investigator

NYU Medical Center, New York, New York 10016, United States; Recruiting
Jose Martinez, MD, Phone: 212-263-7225, Email: jose.martinex@nyumc.org
Horacio Kaufmann, MD, Principal Investigator

Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37215, United States; Recruiting
Cindy Dorminy, Phone: 615-322-2931, Email: cindy.a.dorminy@Vanderbilt.edu
David Robertson, MD, Principal Investigator

UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas 75390, United States; Recruiting
Steve Hopkins, Phone: 214-648-9275, Email: steve.hopkins@utsouthwestern.edu
Steven Vernino, MD, PhD, Principal Investigator

Additional Information

Starting date: February 2012
Last updated: July 30, 2013

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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