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Efficacy of Perioperative Pregabalin in Reducing the Incidence of Chronic Neuropathic Pain and Postthoracotomy Syndrome.

Information source: Centre hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal (CHUM)
Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on December 08, 2011
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Neuropathic Pain

Intervention: Pregabalin (Drug); Placebo (Drug)

Phase: N/A

Status: Recruiting

Sponsored by: Centre hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal (CHUM)

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
François Girard, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Centre Hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal

Overall contact:
François Girard, MD, Phone: 514-890-8000, Ext: 26876, Email: francois.girard.chum@ssss.gouv.qc.ca

Summary

This study is designed to assess:

1. The impact of taking perioperative pregabalin on the incidence of chronic neuropathic pain and postthoracotomy syndrome at 3 months in patients who have undergone a thoracotomy with a thoracic epidural as the basic analgesic modality.

2. The impact of taking perioperative pregabalin on the relief of acute pain, and on the use of additional analgesics, such as opioids, for the relief of such pain in patients who have undergone thoracic surgery with a thoracic epidural as the basic analgesia.

3. The impact of taking perioperative pregabalin on the quality of life and level of functioning of patients who underwent thoracic surgery 3 months earlier.

4. The safety profile of pregabalin in this patient population.

Hypothesis: The basic hypothesis in this study is that a dose of pregabalin administered preemptively 1 hour before a thoracotomy, then repeatedly during the postoperative period, when neuronal hyperexcitability is at a maximum (i. e., 4 days), will lead to a 33. 3% decrease in the prevalence of chronic pain 3 months after surgery.

Clinical Details

Official title: Efficacy of Perioperative Pregabalin in Reducing the Incidence of Chronic Neuropathic Pain and Postthoracotomy Syndrome.

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Prevention

Primary outcome: Development of neuropathic pain and intensity of pain assessed using the Leeds Assessment of Neuropathic Symptoms and Signs (LANSS) scale and Brief Pain Inventory questionnaire (BPI).

Secondary outcome: Intensity of postoperative pain using a Visual Numeric Pain Scale (VNPS).

Detailed description: Postthoracotomy pain syndrome is a rather frequent phenomenon. Its incidence, as reported in the literature, varies but is around 52% at 1 to 2 years after surgery. This syndrome is defined as a persistent and/or recurrent pain or burning sensation along the thoracotomy scar at least 2 months after surgery. The pain is very significant, given that 3 to 5% of patients report it as being severe, and approximately 50% of patients report limitations in their activities of daily living secondary to this pain and consider their pain as their worst medical problem. A neuropathic component makes a certain contribution to this pain. Patients with this neuropathic component report more-severe pain and take more analgesics. Little is known about the origin of this pain, but it seems that the intensity of acute postoperative pain is the best predictor of it. Pregabalin could be a possible approach to reducing the prevalence of chronic postthoracotomy pain. Its efficacy has been demonstrated in several diabetic, postherpetic, incisional and inflammatory neuropathic pain models.

Methods:

One hundred and twenty patients will be divided in two equal groups (to receive pregabalin or placebo).

Prior to the induction of general anesthesia, a thoracic epidural will be placed and started immediately prior to surgery. The anesthetic technique and monitoring will be standardized.

During the immediate postoperative period, the intensity of pain will be assessed using a VNPS (0-10). Pain will be assessed upon the patient's arrival in and discharge from the recovery room and daily thereafter, for a total duration of four postoperative days or until discharge from hospital if this occurs before the 4th postoperative day.

Three months after their surgery, the patients will be contacted by telephone and administered a standardized questionnaire for evaluating:

- The presence and intensity (based on a VNPS) of pain at the surgical and/or drainage

tube sites.

- The type of pain, with specific attention to identifying the presence of neuropathic

pain.

- The patients' assessment of their quality of life, and the impact, if any, of the pain

on their level of functioning in their daily lives in relation to their preoperative quality of life and functioning.

Eligibility

Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 80 Years. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- Patients aged 18 to 80 years.

- Patients who are to undergo an elective thoracotomy in the lateral decubitus

position.

- Patients who are ASA I to III inclusive.

Exclusion Criteria:

- A contraindication to pregabalin.

- A contraindication to the epidural technique.

- The current use of drugs belonging to the class of opioids, NMDA receptor blockers,

membrane stabilizing agents (lidocaine mesylates, flecainide) or topical coanalgesics (capsaicin cream, lidocaine patch).

- Previous use of pregabalin or gabapentin.

- Preexisting pain at the site where the surgical incision will be made.

- Presence of a coexisting chronic pain syndrome.

- A creatinine clearance of less than 60 mL/min.

- A previous ipsilateral thoracotomy.

- A recent history of alcohol and/or drug abuse.

- A known allergy to local anesthetics or hydromorphone.

- The inability to understand a verbal numerical pain scale (VNPS) despite previous

instruction.

Locations and Contacts

François Girard, MD, Phone: 514-890-8000, Ext: 26876, Email: francois.girard.chum@ssss.gouv.qc.ca

Centre Hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal (Hôpital Notre-Dame), Montreal, Quebec H2L 4M1, Canada; Recruiting
François Girard, MD, Phone: 514-890-8000, Ext: 26876, Email: francois.girard.chum@ssss.gouv.qc.ca
Monique M Ruel, RN, Phone: 514-890-8000, Ext: 24542, Email: monique.m.ruel.chum@ssss.gouv.qc.ca
Additional Information

Starting date: June 2010
Last updated: September 22, 2011

Page last updated: December 08, 2011

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