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A Positron-Emission-Tomography (PET) Study to Measure the Blockade of Dopamine Receptors (D2) in Specific Areas of the Brain in Relation to the Plasma Concentrations of Paliperidone Extended Release (ER) and Oral Risperidone in Schizophrenia Patients and Healthy Controls

Information source: Janssen-Cilag G.m.b.H
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Schizophrenia

Intervention: Paliperidone ER (Drug); Oral risperidone (Drug); PET Scan (Other); Oral risperidone (Drug); Oral risperidone (Drug); Paliperidone ER (Drug); Paliperidone ER (Drug); Oral risperidone (Drug); Paliperidone ER (Drug)

Phase: Phase 4

Status: Terminated

Sponsored by: Janssen-Cilag G.m.b.H

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Janssen-Cilag G.m.b.H. Clinical Trial, Study Director, Affiliation: Janssen-Cilag G.m.b.H

Summary

The primary objective of this study is to compare the effect of two different antipsychotic compounds which are used in the treatment of schizophrenia (paliperidone ER and risperidone) at their target sites in two specific areas of the brain in patients with schizophrenia. A specialized X-ray known as Positron Emission Tomography (PET) Imaging is used to assess the areas of the brain targeted by both compounds.

Clinical Details

Official title: The "Therapeutic Window" of the "Atypical" Antipsychotic Paliperidone Extended Release (ER)-A Positron Emission Tomography Study With [18F]Fallypride as the Radiotracer

Study design: Allocation: Non-Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics/Dynamics Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Percentage of Paliperidone or Risperidone Dopamine D2 Receptor Occupancies

Secondary outcome:

Plasma Concentrations of Paliperidone and Risperidone

Assessment of the Ratio of Dopamine D2-receptor Occupancies in Two Different Areas of the Brain

Detailed description: This is an open-label (all people involved know the identity of the intervention), non-randomized (patients are assigned to treatment groups), phase IV, monocentric (at one single study site) interventional study evaluating the blocking effects two different doses of paliperidone ER and oral risperidone have on the dopamine D2 receptors in the brain of subchronic patients with schizophrenia. Dopamine is a substance produced and released in the brain. Research indicates that dopamine levels are elevated in some areas of the brain in acute schizophrenia psychosis. Antipsychotic medications like risperidone and paliperidone ER are used to treat psychosis by blocking the dopamine receptors. Fallypride is a radioactive tracer (a drug that emits radioactivity) that binds to the dopamine receptors in the brain much the same as antipsychotic medications. It competes with the antipsychotic compounds at the binding sites and is used when performing a specialized x-ray known as Positron Emission Tomography (PET) Imaging. After a patient receives Fallypride, it temporally binds to specific target areas in the brain and emits a brief and harmless radioactive signal that is detected by the PET Scanner. Since paliperidone ER and risperidone compete with Fallypride at the same target sites, the signal will differ according to the binding effect of the compound. This technique provides an image showing the direct effect medication has on the human brain and allows for comparisons of the effects of different medications to be made. As this effect will fluctuate depending on the concentration of the drug in the blood, during this study, PET measurements will be correlated with the blood levels sampled. Patients will receive either paliperidone ER (6 patients with 6 mg per day, 6 patients with 9 mg per day) or oral risperidone (6 patients with 4 mg per day, 6 patients with 6 mg per day). The primary objective of this study is to compare the blocking effects each medication has on the dopamine D2 receptors at different time points (shortly after taking medication and 24 hours after taking medication) correlated with blood levels of the medication. The study consists of 3 visits on 3 consecutive days. Blood levels will be assessed for treatment groups 1 to 4 on day 2 and day 3 and for groups 5 to 8 on day 3 (according to the last intake of study medication). PET-Scans will be assessed for every group on day 3. Group 1 to 4 consists of patients whose PET Scan will be assessed approximately 2 hours after taking medication (group 1 receives paliperidone ER 6 mg, group 2 receives paliperidone ER 9 mg, group 3 receives risperidone 4 mg, group 4 receives risperidone 6 mg). Group 5 to 8 consists of patients whose PET Scan will be assessed approximately 24 hours after taking medication (group 5 receives paliperidone ER 6 mg, group 6 receives paliperidone ER 9 mg, group 7 receives risperidone 4 mg, group 8 receives risperidone 6 mg). Adverse Events (AE's) will be assessed as reported spontaneously throughout the trial. The dose of antipsychotic medication will represent the most frequent dose used in post acute treatment of schizophrenia. A group of healthy volunteers (group 9) will serve as a control group to measure fallypride dopamine D2- receptor occupancies under normal circumstances, in patients not affected by schizophrenia. Patients will receive the same dosage throughout the study as prescribed prior to the start of the study either paliperidone ER 6 mg tablet once daily or 9 mg tablet once daily or risperidone 4 mg tablet once daily or 6 mg daily (two 3 mg tablets).

Eligibility

Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 50 Years. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- Patients with a diagnosis of schizophrenia according to Diagnostic and Statistical

Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) criteria

- Patients with a specified severity of the disease (Clinical Global Impression Scale

of Severity (CGI-S) range of > 2 < 5)

- Patients must be on antipsychotic medication with either paliperidone ER or oral

risperidone in monotherapy for at least two weeks and must be at least five days on a stable dose of either paliperidone ER 6 mg or 9 mg or oral risperidone 4 mg or 6 mg once daily

- Female patients of childbearing potential must have a negative human chorionic

gonadotropin urine pregnancy test (ß-HCG) at visit 1 or must be postmenopausal for at least 1 year, surgically sterile, abstinent, or, if sexually active, agree to practice an effective method of birth control before entry, throughout the study and at least one month after study end

- Healthy control volunteers must be off all standard prescription drug therapy, over

the counter compounds (OTC) and recreational substances/drugs for at least one week prior to participation in the study

- Female volunteers of childbearing potential must have a negative ß -HCG pregnancy

test at visit 1 or be postmenopausal for at least 1 year, surgically sterile, abstinent, or, if sexually active, agree to practice an effective method of birth control before entry, throughout the study and at least one month after the study end

- Patients and volunteers must be able to read, understand and sign the Institutional

Review Board approved informed consent form Exclusion Criteria:

- Patients: Any depot neuroleptic medication (long acting injectables) in the last

three months

- Any antipsychotic compound, antidepressant, antiepileptic ("mood stabilizers"),

lithium, anticholinergic within 2 weeks prior to study

- Any psychopharmacologically active medication (except benzodiazepines, paracetamol

and zopiclone as rescue medication) taken within the trial

- Physical and psychological conditions that interfere with the study procedures, or

could influence the study results, or could endanger the patient during the study

- Alcohol and/or drug abuse four weeks prior to study start (patients with alcohol or

drug abuse as defined by the DSM-IV criteria can participate if free of their of abuse for at least four weeks)

- Clinically relevant laboratory abnormality

- Pregnant or breast feeding patients

Locations and Contacts

Aachen, Germany
Additional Information

Starting date: September 2009
Last updated: January 14, 2014

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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