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Chlorproguanil-Dapsone-Artesunate (CDA) Versus Chlorproguanil-Dapsone (LAPDAP) For Uncomplicated Malaria

Information source: GlaxoSmithKline
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 20, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Malaria

Intervention: chlorproguanil-dapsone-artesunate (Drug); chlorproguanil-dapsone (Drug)

Phase: Phase 3

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: GlaxoSmithKline

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
GSK Clinical Trials, MD, Study Director, Affiliation: GlaxoSmithKline

Summary

CDA is a combination of chlorproguanil, dapsone and artesunate, being developed in a public-private partnership with the Medicines for Malaria Venture (MMV), World Health Organisation (WHO-TDR) and academic partners from the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, University of Liverpool and the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine as a treatment for acute uncomplicated P. falciparum malaria. The combination of chlorproguanil HCl (CPG) and dapsone (DDS) as chlorproguanil-dapsone has already been shown to be efficacious against P. falciparum in adults and children in Sub-Sahara Africa. The addition of artesunate to LAPDAP has been demonstrated to increase the parasite kill rate as demonstrated in the phase II study, and reduce the chance of any parasites escaping treatment over the 3-day course. The addition of artesunate is also anticipated to have the population benefit of protection against the development of resistant strains of P. falciparum, although it will not be possible to demonstrate this in a clinical trial. One further population benefit of the artemisinin drugs are their ability to suppress the sexual forms of the parasite (gametocytes), which should reduce infectivity after antimalarial treatment and potentially lower transmission rates with widespread use, including the spread of any parasites resistant to the partner drug. The aims of this phase III study are to compare the efficacy of a fixed ratio combination tablet of CDA to chlorproguanil-dapsone, and collect supporting safety data. This will be a multi-centre, double-blind, double-dummy, randomised trial, in children, adolescents and adults, with chlorproguanil-dapsone as a comparator.

Clinical Details

Official title: A Multi-Centre, Randomised, Double-Blind Study to Compare the Efficacy and Safety of Chlorproguanil-Dapsone-Artesunate Versus Chlorproguanil-Dapsone in the Treatment of Acute Uncomplicated Plasmodium Falciparum Malaria in Children, Adolescents and Adults in Africa.

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double-Blind, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Parasitological cure rate, PCR-corrected, at day 28, in the per-protocol population. Parasitological cure rate is defined as the clearance of the initial malaria infection by day 7 and remaining free of this infection to the day of assessment.

Secondary outcome: The proportion of subjects with parasites remaining at 24 hours post-first dose by treatment group. Parasitological cure rate, PCR-corrected, at day 14, by treatment group.

Eligibility

Minimum age: 12 Months. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion criteria:

- Acute, uncomplicated P. falciparum malaria, microscopically confirmed infection.

- Temperature at screening of 37. 5oC or over or confirmed history of fever within

previous 24-hours.

- Weight 7. 5kg or over , no upper weight limit.

- Screening haemoglobin (Hb) of 7g/dl, or more or haematocrit of 25% or over(if Hb not

available at screening).

- Willingness to comply with the study visits and procedures, as outlined in the

informed consent form.

- Written or oral witnessed consent obtained from subject, parent or guardian.

- Assent is given by a child aged 12 to <18years, in addition to the consent of their

parent or guardian. Exclusion criteria:

- Features of severe/complicated falciparum malaria.

- Hypersensitivity to active substances (chlorproguanil, dapsone, artesunate), or

excipients of the investigational products.

- Known allergy to biguanides, sulphones, sulphonamides or artemisinin derived

products.

- Known history of G6PD deficiency.

- Infants with a history of hyperbilirubinaemia during the neonatal period.

- Evidence of any concomitant infection at the time of presentation (including P.

vivax, P. ovale and P. malariae).

- Use of concomitant medications that may induce haemolysis or haemolytic anaemia from

the WHO (World Health Organization) list of essential drugs.

- Any other underlying disease that may compromise the diagnosis and the evaluation of

the response to the study medication (including clinical symptoms of immunosuppression, tuberculosis, bacterial infection; cardiac or pulmonary disease).

- Malnutrition, defined as a child whose weight-for-height is below -3 standard

deviations or less than 70% of the median of the NCHS/WHO normalised reference values

- Treatment within the past three months with mefloquine or

mefloquine-sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine; twenty-eight days with sulphadoxine/pyrimethamine, sulfalene/pyrimethamine, lumefantrine or artemether/lumefantrine, amodiaquine, atovaquone or atovaquone/proguanil, halofantrine; 14-days with chlorproguanil/dapsone, or 7-days with quinine (full course), proguanil, artemisinin, tetracycline doxycycline or clindamycin.

- Positive sulphadoxine/pyrimethamine urine screen for 'unknown' antimalarial drug use

in prior 28-days.

- Use of an investigational drug within 30 days or 5 half-lives whichever is the

longer.

- Previous participation in this study.

- Female subjects of child-bearing potential who have had a positive pregnancy test at

enrolment, or do not give their consent to take a pregnancy test.

- Female subjects who will be breast-feeding an infant for the duration of the study.

Locations and Contacts

GSK Investigational Site, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

GSK Investigational Site, Kumasi, Ghana

GSK Investigational Site, Bamako, Mali

GSK Investigational Site, Ile-Ife, Nigeria

GSK Investigational Site, Jos, Nigeria

GSK Investigational Site, Lagos, Nigeria

Additional Information

Starting date: April 2006
Last updated: May 15, 2009

Page last updated: August 20, 2015

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