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Effect of Niacin in the Lipoprotein (a) Concentration

Information source: Instituto Aragones de Ciencias de la Salud
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Hypercholesterolemia

Intervention: Niacin/Laropiprant (Drug)

Phase: Phase 4

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: Instituto Aragones de Ciencias de la Salud

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Fernando Civeira, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Hospital Miguel Servet

Summary

Objectives.

- To evaluate the absolute and relative Lp(a) lowering effect of 1g/20 mg and 2 g/40 mg

day of Niacin/Laropiprant in subjects with normal Lp(a) (< 30 mg/dL), high Lp(a) (30-60 mg/dL) and very high Lp(a) (> 60 mg/dL).

- To evaluate the absolute and relative Lp(a) lowering effect of 1g/20 mg and 2 g/40 mg

day of Niacin/Laropiprant depending on the number of kringle IV-2 repeated copies on the apo(a) gene. 2. 1.1 Hypotheses.

- The Lp(a) lowering effect of niacin is dependent of the pre-treatment Lp(a)

concentration, with higher absolute and relative reduction in Lp(a) in subjects with hyperlipoproteinemia(a).

- Lp(a) size, throughout modifying hepatic synthesis of apo(a), is a major factor related

to the lowering effect variability of niacin in human.

Clinical Details

Official title: Effect of Niacin in the Lipoprotein (a) Concentration With Regard to Apolipoprotein (a) Size and Baseline Lipoprotein (a) Concentration.

Study design: Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: absolute and relative Lp(a) lowering effect of 1g/20 mg and 2 g/40 mg day of Niacin/Laropiprant in subjects with normal Lp(a) (<30 mg/dL), high Lp(a) (30-60 mg/dL) and very high Lp(a) (>60 mg/dL g/40 mg day of Niacin/Laropiprant

Secondary outcome: absolute and relative Lp(a) lowering effect of 1g/20 mg and 2 g/40 mg day of Niacin/Laropiprant depending on the number of kringle IV-2 repeated copies on the apo(a) gene.

Detailed description: Open-label 12-week study, 1g/20 mg day of Niacin/Laropiprant for 4-weeks followed by 8 additional weeks of 2 g/40 mg day. Subjects with normal Lp(a) will be use as comparative group for the other two groups, so no placebo group is required is this study. Subjects: volunteers from the Lipid Clinic of Hospital Universitario Miguel Servet of Zaragoza, Spain. Subjects were selected according to their previously determined Lp(a)concentration. All volunteers before any study procedure will have to give written inform consent to a protocol previously approved for the Ethical Committees of our institutions. Biochemical determinations: lipids: total cholesterol and triglycerides; lipoproteins: HDL-cholesterol, Lp(a); apolipoproteins: Apo A1 and apo B and safety biochemical parameters (glucose, uric acid, creatinine, liver and muscle enzymes will be measured at baseline and at the end of the two treatment periods (weeks 4 and 8). An adverse experience questionnaire will be done in each visit. Genetic analysis: apo(a) genetic polymorphism responsible of the Lp(a) size variability will be analyzed by a PCR-based methodology (Lanktree et al. J Lipid Res 2009; 50: 768-72 ).

Eligibility

Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 80 Years. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria: 1. Age >18 and < 80 years 2. LDL cholesterol between 70 and 190 mg/dL 3. Triglycerides < 500 mg/dL 4. At least 2 Lp(a) determinations previous to the beginning of the study without differences >20% or > 20 mg/dL. 5. No lipid lowering therapy or on stable doses in the last 3 months Exclusion Criteria: 1. Liver disease or liver enzymes >2 times higher than reference values 2. Creatinine > 2 mg/dL 3. Active peptic ulcer 4. Clinical gout in the last year 5. Uncontrolled diabetes (HbA1c >8%) 6. Enrolment in other drug clinical trial in the previous 3 months.

Locations and Contacts

Hospital San Jorge, Huesca, Spain

Hospital Royo Villanova, Zaragoza, Spain

Hospital Universitario Miguel Servet, Zaragoza 50009, Spain

Additional Information

Starting date: October 2011
Last updated: January 8, 2013

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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