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Influence of Light Therapy on Confusion in Patients at the Intensive Care Unit

Information source: Onze Lieve Vrouwe Gasthuis
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Delirium; Intensive Care Unit Syndrome

Phase: N/A

Status: Recruiting

Sponsored by: Onze Lieve Vrouwe Gasthuis

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
J.I van der Spoel, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Onze Lieve Vrouwe Gasthuis

Overall contact:
J.I van der Spoel, Phone: 003120-5993007, Email: j.i.vanderspoel@olvg.nl

Summary

Our purpose of this study is to determine whether bright light therapy is effective for reducing the incidence and the duration of delirium compared to the usual treatment in patients at the Intensive Care Unit. Our hypothesis is that bright light therapy is effective for reducing the incidence and duration of delirium in patients at the Intensive Care Unit Patients will be assigned to a chamber with or without bright light therapy. This assignment is based on occupation of ICU beds and availability of nurses and is therefore independent from patients characteristics. Patients will be included following the inclusion criterion and exclusion criteria. Patients assigned to a chamber with bright light therapy will receive light therapy for three hours in the morning, from eight o'clock till eleven o'clock. The Confusion Assessment Method-score (CAM-score) and the Richmond Agitation Sedation Scale-score (RASS-score) will be performed three times at one day by ICU nurses, this is according to the existing routine. Besides this, an extra CAM-score and a clinical assessment will be performed once a day by a trained non-clinician, to determine the presence of delirium. The use of sedatives, haldol and fixation will be registered to determine the occurrence, duration and severity of delirium. Eventually the most important outcomes will be the clinical assessment of the patients, the CAM-score and the use of haldol. The primary outcome of this study is the duration of delirium, defined in number of days.

Clinical Details

Official title: Influence of Bright Light Therapy on Delirium in Patients at the Intensive Care Unit: a Pilot-study

Study design: Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Prospective

Primary outcome: Duration of delirium, defined in days

Secondary outcome:

Incidence of delirium in the patient group receiving bright light therapy and in the group receiving environmental light

CAM-scores of the ICU nurses

Dosage of haloperidol use in delirious patients receiving bright light therapy and those receiving environmental light

Duration of haldol use in delirious patients receiving bright light therapy and those receiving environmental light

Mortality of delirious patients in the ICU and in the hospital, comparing those who receive bright light therapy with those who receive environmental light

Duration of mechanical ventilation in delirious patients receiving bright light therapy and those receiving environmental light

Duration of admission of delirious patients in the ICU and in the hospital, comparing those who receive bright light therapy with those who receive environmental light

Duration of admission in the ICU and in the hospital, comparing those who receive bright light therapy with those who receive environmental light

Detailed description: Intensive Care patients experience severe alterations of sleep. They may develop a circadian rhythm sleep disorder, characterized by an irregular sleep/wake pattern. The presence of abnormal sleep/wake cycles may be a risk factor for delirium, which would link it to higher morbidity, mortality and longer ICU stay. Bright light therapy is the treatment of choice for circadian rhythm sleep disorders and may be helpful in handling delirium. The objective of this study is to determine whether bright light therapy is effective for reducing the incidence and duration of delirium in the Intensive Care Unit. This is a prospective, single center cohort investigation by witch the influence of bright light therapy on the incidence and duration of delirium will be examined and compared with environmental light. This study will take place at the ICU of the OLVG, a level three ICU with 24 beds in a teaching hospital. Patients will be assigned to a chamber with or without bright light therapy. This assignment is based on occupation of ICU beds and availability of nurses and is therefore independent from patients characteristics. All patients of 18 years and older who will be admitted to the Intensive Care Unit of the Onze Lieve Vrouwe Gasthuis, Amsterdam can be included in the study. Patients diagnosed with bipolar disorder will be excluded from participation. Other exclusion criteria are the use of an antipsychotic drug in the home environment, temporary or permanent loss of total vision and participation in this study during a previous admission to the Intensive Care Unit. Patients assigned to a chamber with bright light therapy will receive light therapy for three hours in the morning, from eight o'clock till eleven o'clock. The Confusion Assessment Method-score (CAM-score) and the Richmond Agitation Sedation Scale-score (RASS-score) will be performed three times at one day by ICU nurses, this is according to the existing routine. Besides this, an extra CAM-score and a clinical assessment will be performed once a day by a trained non-clinician, to determine the presence of delirium. The use of sedatives, haldol and fixation will be registered to determine the occurrence, duration and severity of delirium. Eventually the most important outcomes will be the clinical assessment of the patients, the CAM-score and the use of haldol. At the Intensive Care Unit of the Onze Lieve Vrouwe Gasthuis, Amsterdam, light therapy is used by nurses for optimizing the light intensity in their work environment, for their own well being and for the prevention of sleep disturbances. The light therapy is also randomly used for the treatment of Intensive Care patients, though the effectiveness and functionality have not been a subject of investigation. Our purpose of this study is to determine whether bright light therapy is effective for reducing the incidence and the duration of delirium in the Intensive Care Unit. The primary outcome of this study is the duration of delirium, defined in number of days. This will be derived from the clinical assessments and the CAM-scores, performed by the trained non-clinician.

Eligibility

Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion criterion:

- Age: a minimum age of 18 years

Exclusion criteria:

- Psychiatric comorbidity: bipolar disorder

- The use of an antipsychotic drug in the home environment

- Participation in this study during a previous admission to the ICU

- Temporary or permanent loss of total vision

Locations and Contacts

J.I van der Spoel, Phone: 003120-5993007, Email: j.i.vanderspoel@olvg.nl

Onze Lieve Vrouwe Gasthuis, Amsterdam, Noord-Holland 1090 HM, Netherlands; Recruiting
J I van der Spoel, MD, Phone: 003120-5993007, Email: j.i.vanderspoel@olvg.nl
J.I van der Spoel, MD, Principal Investigator
W.F Scholtens, Sub-Investigator
D.S Scheepens, MD, Sub-Investigator
J.G Lijmer, MD, PhD, Sub-Investigator
Additional Information

Starting date: March 2011
Last updated: April 26, 2011

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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