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MTD, Safety, and Efficacy of Pomalidomide (CC-4047) Alone or With Low-dose Dexamethasone in Patients With Relapsed and Refractory Multiple Myeloma

Information source: Celgene Corporation
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Multiple Myeloma

Intervention: Pomalidomide (Drug); Dexamethasone (Drug); Aspirin (Drug)

Phase: Phase 1/Phase 2

Status: Active, not recruiting

Sponsored by: Celgene Corporation

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Christian J Jacques, MD, Study Director, Affiliation: Celgene Corporation

Summary

The purpose of this study is to determine the maximum tolerated dose and effectiveness of the study drug (CC-4047) Alone Or in Combination With Low-dose Dexamethasone as treatment for patients with relapsed and refractory multiple myeloma

Clinical Details

Official title: A Phase 1/2 Multi-center, Randomized, Open-label Dose Escalation Study to Determine the Maximum Tolerated Dose, Safety, and Efficacy of CC-4047 Alone Or in Combination With Low-dose Dexamethasone in Patients With Relapsed and Refractory Multiple Myeloma Who Have Received Prior Treatment That Includes Lenalidomide and Bortezomib

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome:

Phase 1: Participants With Dose-Limiting Toxicities (DLT) in Cycle 1

Phase 2: Kaplan-Meier Estimates of Progression-free Survival (PFS) as of the 01 April 2011 Cut-off

Phase 2: Percentage of Participants With Progression-Free Survival (PFS) Events as of the 01 April 2011 Cut-off

Secondary outcome:

Phase 1: Percentage of Participants With Treatment-Emergent Adverse Events (TEAEs) While on Single-Agent Pomalidomide as of the 01 April 2011 Cut-off

Phase 1: Percentage of Participants With Treatment-Emergent Adverse Events (TEAEs) While on Both Pomalidomide and Dexamethasone as of the 01 April 2011 Cut-off

Phase 2: Percentage of Participants With Treatment-Emergent Adverse Events (TEAEs) as of the 01 April 2011 Cut-off

Phase 2: Summary of Best Myeloma Response As Assessed by Independent Response Adjudication Committee (IRAC) Using European Group for Blood and Bone Marrow Transplant (EBMT) Criteria as of the 01 April 2011 Cut-off

Phase 2: Kaplan-Meier Estimates of Duration of Response as of the 01 April 2011 Cut-off

Phase 2: Time to Response as of the 01 April 2011 Cut-off

Phase 2: Kaplan-Meier Estimates of Overall Survival as of the 01 April 2011 Cut-off

Detailed description: The Phase 1 segment of the study was designed to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of single-agent pomalidomide, which was to be determined in the first cycle of treatment. Following completion of the first cycle, participants were allowed to continue the study at their assigned dose of pomalidomide. Participants who developed progressive disease (PD) at any time, or who had not achieved at least a 25% reduction of serum myeloma (M)-protein levels (if measurable) and a 50% reduction of urine M-protein (if measurable) compared with baseline after completion of 4 cycles of pomalidomide, had the option to receive oral dexamethasone 40 mg on days 1, 8, 15, and 22 of each 28-day treatment cycle in addition to their current dose of pomalidomide. Participants with PD who chose not to add dexamethasone to pomalidomide therapy were to be discontinued from the study. Participants who chose to add dexamethasone were allowed to continue study treatment until PD developed again, unacceptable toxicity or participant withdrew consent, at which time they were to be discontinued. Based on results from the phase 1 portion, the Data Monitoring Committee confirmed 4 mg/day as MTD of pomalidomide. Therefore, the recommended starting dose of pomalidomide for Phase 2 was 4 mg/day on Days 1-21 of each 28-day cycle. In the combination treatment arm, the starting dose of dexamethasone was 40 mg once per day. For subjects who were > 75 years of age, the starting dose of dexamethasone was 20 mg once per day. To prevent blood clots, all participants were to be given aspirin 81-100 mg daily (commercial supply) unless contraindicated. If contraindicated, another form of anti-thrombotic therapy was provided. Participants in the Phase II combination treatment arm could continue study treatment until PD developed, at which time they were to be discontinued. Participants in the single agent pomalidomide treatment arm who developed PD, confirmed by the IRAC, at any time had the option to receive oral dexamethasone in addition to their current dose of pomalidomide at the starting dose described above. Participants with PD who chose not to add dexamethasone to pomalidomide therapy were discontinued from study treatment. Participants who chose to add dexamethasone to pomalidomide therapy could continue study treatment until PD developed again, unacceptable toxicity or participant withdrew consent, at which point they were discontinued. Upon discontinuation from study treatment for PD or any other reason, participants were to be assessed two times per year, up to five years, for survival, second primary malignancy and subsequent anti-myeloma therapies. Two analyses were planned during the course of the Phase 2 segment: one interim analysis (at 50% information of progression-free survival (PFS) events) and one final analysis. The Data Monitoring Commmittee recommended that Celgene personnel be unblinded based on the strength of the data. Subsequently, Celgene decided to file an application based on more current study data. The product was approved by the FDA in February 2013. Since no further analyses are required per protocol nor to support the marketing application, the study was amended to remove undue burden from patients who remain on active treatment by ending the treatment segments of this study and transferring all active patients tothe Long-term Follow-up Phase. These patients who continue to be treated with pomalidomide will be provided Pomalyst through the Celgene Patient Support Program (Pomalyst REMSTM) until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity, the investigator decides to change therapy or patient decision. Investigators will treat their patients according to the local standard of care and follow the assessments required for patients in the Long-term Follow-up Phase. These assessments include subsequent myeloma therapies, second primary malignancies and survival. The study continues. A final analysis will be performed when the study is completed and results reported as available.

Eligibility

Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- Must be greater than or equal to 18 years at the time of signing the informed consent

form

- Must be able to adhere to the study visit schedule and other protocol requirements

- Have a documented diagnosis of multiple myeloma and have relapsed and refractory

disease. Patients must have received at least 2 prior therapies. Patients must have relapsed after having achieved at least stable disease for at least one cycle of treatment to at least one prior regimen and then developed PD. Patients must also have documented evidence of PD during or within 60 days (measured from the end of the last cycle) of completing treatment with the last anti-myeloma drug regimen used just prior to study entry (refractory disease)

- Patients must have also undergone prior treatment with at least 2 cycles of

lenalidomide and at least 2 cycles of bortezomib (either in separate regimens or within the same regimen)

- Measurable levels of myeloma paraprotein in serum (greater than or equal to 0. 5 g/dL)

or urine (greater than or equal 0. 2 g/dL excreted in a 24 hour collection sample)

- Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status score of 0, 1, or 2

- Females of childbearing potential (FCBP) [An FCBP is a sexually mature woman who: 1)

has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy; or 2) has not been naturally postmenopausal for at least 24 consecutive months (i. e., who has had menses at any time in the preceding 24 consecutive months)] must agree to refrain from becoming pregnant for 28 days prior to initiation of study drug, while on study drug and for 28 days after discontinuation of study drug and must agree to regular pregnancy testing during this timeframe.

- All patients must also agree to refrain from donating blood while on study drug and

for 28 days after discontinuation from this study

- Males must agree to use a latex condom during any sexual contact with FCBP while

participating in the study and for 28 days following discontinuation from this study even if he has undergone a successful vasectomy. Males must also agree to refrain from donating blood, semen or sperm during the above referenced timeframe.

- All patients must agree not to share medication with another person.

Exclusion Criteria:

- Any serious medical condition, laboratory abnormality, or psychiatric illness that

would prevent the patient from signing the informed consent form.

- Any serious concurrent medical conditions that may make the patient non-evaluable or

put the patient's safety at risk.

- Pregnant or lactating females

- Any of the following laboratory abnormalities:

- Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) < 1,000 cells/mm3

- Platelet count < 75,000/mm3 for patients in whom < 50% of bone marrow nucleated

cells are plasma cells; or a platelet count < 30,000/mm3 for patients in whom ≥ 50% of bone marrow nucleated cells are plasma cells

- Serum creatinine > 3. 0 mg/dL

- Serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase/Aspartate transaminase (SGOT/AST) or

Serum Glutamic Pyruvate Transaminase/Alanine transaminase (SGPT/ALT) > 3. 0 X upper limit of normal (ULN)

- Serum total bilirubin > 2. 0 mg/dL

- Prior history of malignancies, other than multiple myeloma, unless the patient has

been free of the disease for ≥ 3 years. Exceptions include the following:

- Basal or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin

- Carcinoma in situ of the cervix or breast

- Incidental histologic finding of prostate cancer (TNM stage of T1a or T1b)

- Known Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) and/or Hepatitis C

Virus (HCV) infection

- Hypersensitivity to thalidomide, lenalidomide, or dexamethasone

- Peripheral neuropathy ≥ Grade 2

- Use of any anti-myeloma drug therapy within 14 days of the initiation of study drug

treatment or use of any experimental non-drug therapy within 28 days of the initiation of study drug treatment

- Radiation therapy within 14 days of initiation of study drug treatment Inability or

unwillingness to comply with birth control requirements

Locations and Contacts

Cross Cancer Center, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 1Z2, Canada

Mayo Clinic Arizona, Scottsdale, Arizona 85259, United States

University of Calgary - Tom Baker Cancer Center, Vancouver, British Columbia T2N 4N2, Canada

Vancover General Hospital - Diamond Health Care, Vancouver, British Columbia V5Z 1M9, Canada

Colorado Blood Cancer Institute HCA-HealthONE/Rocky Mountain Blood and Marrow Transplant Program, Denver, Colorado 80218, United States

H. Lee Moffitt Cancer and Research Institute, Tampa, Florida 33612, United States

Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, United States

Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, United States

Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, United States

University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48105, United States

Mayo Clinic Minnesota, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, United States

Washington University - Siteman Cancer Center, St. Louis, Missouri 63110, United States

The Cancer Center Hackensack University Medical Center, Hackensack, New Jersey 07601, United States

Mt. Sinai Hospital, New York, New York 10029, United States

The Ohio State University - James Cancer Hospital, Columbus, Ohio 43210, United States

Princess Margaret Hospital - UHN, Toronto, Ontario M5G 2M9, Canada

University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15232, United States

Royal Victoria Hospital - McGill University, Montreal, Quebec H3A 1A1, Canada

Additional Information

Starting date: June 2008
Last updated: November 4, 2014

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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