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Oral Prednisolone Dosing in Children Hospitalized With Asthma

Information source: Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Asthma

Intervention: Prednisolone high dose (Drug); Prednisolone lower dose (Drug)

Phase: Phase 4

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Joseph J Zorc, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Summary

This study hopes to determine the appropriate oral steroid dose for treating children hospitalized with asthma exacerbations. Practice guidelines from different countries recommend a wide range of doses, and the doses used in actual practice vary widely. There is no data on what is the most appropriate dose of prednisone (or equivalent) in this situation. We will be looking at the dose recommended by the National Asthma Education and Prevention Program guidelines, which are published by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, as compared with a lower dose which is commonly used in practice. We hypothesize that the lower dose will be no worse than the higher dose as determined primarily by duration of hospitalization.

Clinical Details

Official title: Oral Prednisolone Dosing in Children Hospitalized With Asthma

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Time Measured From the Administration of the Loading Dose of Prednisolone (2mg/kg up to Max 60mg) in the Emergency Department (ED) Until the Home Dose of Albuterol is Administered

Secondary outcome:

Time Measured From the Writing of the Admission Order Until the Writing of the Discharge Order

Time Spent in Each Severity Level of the Asthma Care Pathway

The Rate and Degree of Change in Forced Expiratory Volume (FEV1) and Peak Expiratory Flow (PEF) Between Treatment Groups

Differences in Clinical Asthma Symptom Scores During Hospitalization Between Treatment Groups

Rate of Relapse Between Treatment Groups

Detailed description: Practice guidelines for the management of asthma in children universally recommend systemic corticosteroids for the treatment of moderate to severe asthma exacerbations. However, these guidelines vary widely with respect to dose, frequency, method of delivery, and duration of therapy. In actual practice, there is also considerable variation among clinicians in terms of corticosteroid dosing in children hospitalized with asthma exacerbations. At the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) the current standard is to use an initial dose of 4. 0 mg/kg/day (1. 0 mg/kg every 6 hours to a maximum of 30 mg/dose) although many other pediatric hospitals use a 2. 0 mg/kg/day dose (1. 0 mg/kg every 12 hours to a maximum of 30 mg/dose). Systematic reviews of the literature have called for a clinical trial to evaluate the effect of different doses of corticosteroids in treating pediatric asthma patients hospitalized with exacerbations. This study will use a randomized, double-blind, controlled trial design in order to compare the efficacy of two different steroid doses in resolving acute exacerbations of asthma in hospitalized children. Children being hospitalized for asthma exacerbations from the CHOP emergency department (ED) will be eligible for study enrollment. Those that meet enrollment criteria will be randomized to receive prednisolone either in the higher dose (1. 0 mg/kg (max 30 mg) every 6 hours), or the lower dose (1. 0 mg/kg (max 30 mg) every 12 hours and placebo doses at 6 hour intervals in between) for the first 48 hours of hospitalization. Once 48 hours has past, all patients still hospitalized will receive 1. 0 mg/kg (max 30 mg) every 12 hours for the duration of hospitalization. Approximately 156 patients with 78 in each arm of the study will be enrolled. This study should be completed in six to eight months. A non-inferiority study design will be used. The primary outcome will be duration of hospitalization, as determined by duration of time elapsed from first dose of prednisolone administered in the emergency department (ED) until the discharge dose of albuterol is administered. Secondary outcomes will include time elapsed from the time the admission order is written until the discharge order is written, time spent in each severity level of the asthma care pathway, degree and rate of improvement in forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), improvement in peak expiratory flows (PEF), improvement in asthma symptom scores, and rate of relapse after discharge.

Eligibility

Minimum age: 2 Years. Maximum age: 18 Years. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- Physician-diagnosed asthma with at least two previous visits to ED or primary care

provider for asthma care

- Clinical decision by ED attending physician to admit to Acute Care Unit (ACU) after

standardized initial ED treatment Exclusion Criteria:

- Clinical decision to begin continuous intravenous beta-agonist infusion

- Clinical decision to begin intravenous methylprednisolone therapy

- Clinical decision to admit to the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit

- Other concurrent disease such as sickle cell disease, cystic fibrosis, or cardiac

disease

- Any contraindication to corticosteroid administration

- Any systemic corticosteroid treatment within two weeks of presenting to the ED

- Potential subjects will be excluded if informed consent is not obtained

Locations and Contacts

The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, United States
Additional Information

Starting date: February 2006
Last updated: December 23, 2010

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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