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The Effects of Ketamine and Methadone on Postoperative Pain for Laminectomy

Information source: Cedars-Sinai Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Laminectomy

Intervention: Ketamine (Drug); Methadone (Drug); Ketamine + methadone (Drug)

Phase: Phase 4

Status: Recruiting

Sponsored by: Cedars-Sinai Medical Center

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Roya Yumul, M.D., PhD., Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Cedars-Sinai Medical Center

Overall contact:
Roya Yumul, M.D., PhD., Phone: 310-423-1682, Email: Roya.Yumul@cshs.org


The purpose of this research is to determine the pain-reducing effects of ketamine (Ketalar, an FDA-approved drug for anesthesia) and methadone (Dolophine, a long-acting narcotic) after lumbar laminectomy. The investigators would like to evaluate whether intraoperative use of both drugs may be able to provide better control of pain after lumbar surgery.

Clinical Details

Official title: Intraoperative Ketamine and Methadone for Laminectomy: Effect on Recovery, Postoperative Pain, and Opioid Requirements

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome:

Opioid consumption obtained from the recorded data

Postoperative pain using a Verbal Rating Scale

Secondary outcome:

Nausea and vomiting will be measured with follow up

Constipation (Ileus) will be measured with follow up

Detailed description: During and after the surgery, patients undergoing surgery most likely need narcotics (opioids) that can cause side effects such as drowsiness and constipation. This can delay your recovery. The investigator would like to determine if the intraoperative use of ketamine and methadone will provide better pain control and reduce the use of narcotic painkiller medications (analgesics) after lumbar surgery as compared to either drug (ketamine or methadone) alone. Ketamine is used to help to reduce the amount of the commonly used intravenous anesthetic drugs, minimize heart rate and blood pressure instability during surgery, and to improve outcomes after surgery (e. g. less pain, less constipation, less nausea and vomiting after surgery, faster return of bowel function and shortened length of hospital stay). Ketamine is approved by the U. S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to be used: as an anesthetic and analgesic (painkiller). Ketamine is an "adjuvant," which is a drug that may increase the effectiveness or strength of other drugs when given at the same time. Ketamine is administered as an adjuvant during anesthesia to produce anesthetic and analgesic-sparing effects (reduce the amount of anesthetics and narcotics-painkiller drugs), hemodynamic stability (to maintain the blood pressure and heart rate within normal rank) and side effect reduction (e. g., constipation, nausea and vomiting, itching, and urinary retention). Ketamine will be used as approved in this study. Ketamine is frequently used intraoperatively for pain control in patients undergoing spine surgery at our institution and is within the standard of care. The standard of care indicates that this is one possible method which has been demonstrated to be safe and effective for patient care. This may vary at different institutions. Methadone is approved by the U. S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to be used: as an opioid pain reliever, similar to morphine, and for narcotic detoxification to reduce withdrawal symptoms. The dose of methadone that will be used in this study may be slightly higher than the approved dose depending on the subject's weight. However, this dose of methadone is frequently used intraoperatively for pain control in patients undergoing spine surgery at our institution and is within the standard of care. This may vary at different institutions.


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 80 Years. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

• 18 - 80 years old of either gender, scheduled for elective lumbar laminectomy

Exclusion Criteria:

- American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) IV and above

- Intolerance, allergy, or contraindication to use of any medications used in this


- Significant coronary artery disease (abnormal stress test, myocardial infarction

- within the last 3 months)

- Increased intraocular pressure (e. g., untreated glaucoma)

- Uncontrolled hypertension (BP > 140/90)

- Sleep apnea and currently on continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP)

- Increased intracranial pressure or clinical signs thereof

- History of intracranial surgery, stroke, or brain aneurysm

- Cardiac arrhythmias particularly prolonged QT syndrome

- Drugs known to cause prolonged qT: class (IA) antiarrhythmics (quinidine,

procainamide, disopyramide), class III antiarrhythmics (sotalol, dofetilide, ibutilide, amiodarone), haloperidol, thioridazine, arsenic trioxide, HIV protease inhibitors, tricyclic antidepressants

- Individuals with significant psychological disorders including: schizophrenia, mania,

bipolar disorder or psychosis

- Pregnant or lactating women

- Emergent laminectomy

- Those already receiving ketamine or methadone prior to surgery

- Morbid obesity (BMI > 40 kg/m2) AND/OR weight > 150 kg

- Chronic renal failure ( creatinine > 2. 0 mg/dL)

- Liver failure e. g., active cirrhosis

- Alcohol or substance abuse within in the past 3 months

- Uncorrected hypokalemia, hypomagnesemia, hypocalcemia (can be due to diuretics,

mineralocorticoid use, laxatives)

- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)/Hypercarbia

- Restrictive lung disease (pulmonary fibrosis, myasthenia gravis)

- Congestive heart failure

- Thyroid disease

- Organ transplant patients

- Drugs/substances known to inhibit methadone metabolism: macrolide antibiotics e. g.,

erythromycin, cimetidine, astemizole, voriconazole, grapefruit juice

Locations and Contacts

Roya Yumul, M.D., PhD., Phone: 310-423-1682, Email: Roya.Yumul@cshs.org

Cedars Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California 90048, United States; Recruiting
Roya Yumul, M.D., PhD., Phone: 310-423-5841, Email: Roya.Yumul@cshs.org
Ofelia L Elvir-Lazo, M.D., Phone: 310-423-1682, Email: loanidoc@yahoo.com
Ronald H Wender, M.D., Sub-Investigator
Additional Information

Starting date: February 2013
Last updated: September 29, 2014

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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