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A Study of the Effectiveness and Safety of Risperidone Compared With Haloperidol and Placebo in Patients With Chronic Schizophrenia

Information source: Janssen, LP
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Schizophrenia; Psychotic Disorders

Intervention: risperidone (Drug)

Phase: Phase 3

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: Janssen, LP

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Janssen, LP Clinical Trial, Study Director, Affiliation: Janssen, LP


The purpose of the study is to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of different doses of risperidone (an antipsychotic medication) compared with placebo and with a fixed 20 mg/day dose of a standard antipsychotic, haloperidol, in patients with chronic schizophrenia.

Clinical Details

Official title: Risperidone Versus Haloperidol Versus Placebo in the Treatment of Chronic Schizophrenia

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double-Blind, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Percent of patients showing clinical improvement, defined as a >=20% reduction in the total PANSS score from baseline to end of double-blind treatment, and the mean change from baseline to end of double-blind treatment in total PANSS score.

Secondary outcome: Mean PANSS Positive Subscale Score; Mean PANSS Negative Subscale Score; mean PANSS General Psychopathology Subscale Score; CGI severity; CGI overall change from baseline; safety evaluations conducted throughout the study.

Detailed description: Chronic schizophrenia is a longer-term condition that is characterized by a lack of drive, underactivity and slowness, and social withdrawal. As with the acute form of schizophrenia, delusions and hallucinations are common. This is a randomized, double-blind, parallel-group study to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of four dosages of risperidone (2, 6, 10 or 16 mg/day) compared with placebo and with a fixed 20 mg/day dose of a standard antipsychotic, haloperidol in patients with chronic schizophrenia who are in-patients at the beginning of the study. The study is composed of two phases: a 1-week period, in which patients receive placebo and all current medication for schizophrenia treatment is stopped, followed by a double-blind treatment phase. The doses of study drug are increased progressively during the first week of the double-blind period and then remain constant for the next 7 weeks. The primary measures of effectiveness are the percentage of patients showing clinical improvement (reduction of >=20% from baseline) on the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale for Schizophrenia (PANSS) and the total PANSS score, from baseline to end of double-blind treatment. The PANSS is a rating scale that measures the symptoms of schizophrenia. Safety evaluations include the incidence of adverse events, results of clinical laboratory tests (hematology, biochemistry, and urinalysis), plasma levels of risperidone, measurements of vital signs and body weight, physical examination and electrocardiogram (ECG) findings, neurological examinations, and the Extrapyramidal Symptoms Rating Scale (ESRS), a scale used to measure effects of antipsychotic medications on motor functions of the patient. The study hypothesis is that risperidone is more effective than placebo, as measured by clinical improvement on PANSS and the average total score for PANSS, in patients with chronic schizophrenia. Risperidone tablets, taken orally, starting with 1 mg twice daily, gradually increasing dose in Week 1 (except for 1 mg twice daily group), then 1, 3, 5, or 8 mg twice daily, continuing for 7 weeks. Haloperidol tablets, starting 1 mg twice daily and increasing to 10 mg twice daily (Week 1), continuing 10 mg twice daily for 7 weeks.


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 65 Years. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

- Patients with diagnosis of chronic schizophrenic disorder, according to the

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Diseases, 3rd edition (DSM-III-R) criteria and are inpatients at the beginning of study

- total score on the PANSS (Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale for Schizophrenia)

rating scale at study entry of >=60 and <=120

- females of childbearing age must demonstrate adequate birth control measures and have

a negative pregnancy test before study entry. Exclusion Criteria:

- Patients with mental disorders other than chronic schizophrenic disorder

- patients with clinically significant organic or neurological diseases

- patients with epilepsy

- history of alcohol or drug abuse history within the 6 months before study entry.

Locations and Contacts

Additional Information

Last updated: February 10, 2011

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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