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Effectiveness of Amantadine and Propranolol for Treating Cocaine Dependence - 2

Information source: National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Cocaine-Related Disorders

Intervention: Propranolol (Drug); Amantadine (Drug); Placebo (Drug)

Phase: Phase 2

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: University of Pennsylvania

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Helen M. Pettinati, Ph.D., Principal Investigator, Affiliation: University of Pennsylvania


Cocaine addiction is a serious health problem with no available medical treatment for preventing relapse. Amantadine, a medication that improves muscle control, and propranolol, a medication that lowers blood pressure, may be useful in treating cocaine addiction in individuals with severe cocaine withdrawal symptoms. This study will evaluate the effectiveness of amantadine and propranolol in preventing drug relapse among cocaine addicts.

Clinical Details

Official title: A Double-Blind, Placebo Controlled Trial of Propranolol and Amantadine for the Treatment of Cocaine Dependent Subjects With Severe Cocaine Withdrawal Symptoms

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Cocaine abstinence; measured by self-reported Time line follow-back and confirmed with cocaine urine tests.

Detailed description: Cocaine withdrawal symptoms are a major contributing factor for why outpatient cocaine dependence treatment programs often fail. Individuals with severe cocaine withdrawal symptoms often experience anxiety, shaking, and muscle pain. Amantadine is a medication currently used to improve muscle control, reduce shaking, and lessen stiffness. Therefore, it may help reduce the muscle pain that some cocaine addicts experience. By enhancing activity of the brain chemical dopamine, amantadine may also reduce other symptoms associated with cocaine withdrawal. Propranolol is a medication currently used to treat high blood pressure and irregular heart rhythms. It may reduce anxiety and lessen cocaine cravings in individuals addicted to cocaine. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of amantadine and propranolol, alone and in combination, for treating cocaine addicts with severe cocaine withdrawal symptoms. A 2-week baseline evaluation period will be followed by an 8-week treatment phase. During the baseline evaluation, cocaine use will be measured with urine tests, three times each week. Only participants who are experiencing severe withdrawal symptoms and who use cocaine at least twice during the first 2 weeks will continue in the study. Eligible individuals will then be randomly assigned to receive amantadine alone, propranolol alone, a combination of amantadine and propranolol, or placebo. Treatments will begin at Week 3 and study visits will occur three times each week. Cocaine levels will be monitored throughout the study with urine tests.


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 60 Years. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

- Male and females, 18 to 60 years old.

- Meets DSM-IV diagnosis criteria for cocaine dependence as determined by the

Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID)

- Score of at least (> or =) 22 on the Initial Cocaine Selective Severity Assessment


- Lives within commuting distance of the Treatment Research Center (TRC) and the

Penn/VA Center for Studies of Addiction, University of Pennsylvania

- If female, willing to use contraception throughout the study

- Continued use of cocaine during a two week evaluation phase prior to medication

treatment as demonstrated by at least 2 new uses of cocaine documented by quantitative urine toxicology screen obtained three times weekly according to new use rules Exclusion Criteria:

- Meets DSM-IV/SCID diagnosis criteria for dependence on any drugs other than cocaine,

marijuana, or nicotine. Cocaine dependent subjects who identify cocaine dependence as their primary addiction but who also meet criteria for alcohol dependence will be accepted as long as the alcohol dependence is not severe enough to require medications for alcohol detoxification.

- Concomitant treatment with psychotropic medications.

- Patients mandated to treatment based upon a legal decision or as a condition of

employment. This will be assessed by the patient's self-report.

- Current severe psychiatric symptoms (e. g., psychosis, dementia, suicidal or homicidal

ideation, mania or depression requiring antidepressant medication)

- Sensitivity to propranolol or amantadine

- Use of any investigational medication within the past 30 days.

- History of significant heart disease (an arrhythmia which required medication,

Wolff-Parkinson - White Syndrome, angina pectoris, documented history of myocardial

infarction, heart failure).

- History of chest pain associated with cocaine use which has prompted a visit to a


- Current use of reserpine, verapamil, theophylline, trimethoprim, cimetidine,

haloperidol, benzodiazepines, or anticonvulsants

- Bronchospastic disease

- Hyperthyroidism

- Diabetes mellitus

- Patients with known AIDS or other serious illnesses which may require hospitalization

during the study.

- Female subjects who are pregnant or lactating, or female subjects of child bearing

potential who are not using acceptable methods of birth control. Acceptable methods of birth control include: 1. barrier (diaphragm or condom) with spermicide 2. intrauterine progesterone contraceptive system 3. levonorgestrel implant 4. medroxyprogesterone acetate contraceptive injection 5. oral contraceptives.

- Patients with impaired renal function as indicated by corrected creatinine clearance

below 80 ml/min/70 kg as determined by the modified Cockcroft equation (CDC, 1986).

- Clinical laboratory tests (CBC, blood chemistries, urinalysis) outside normal limits

that are clinically unacceptable to the Principal Investigator. EKG 1st degree heart block, sinus tachycardia, left axis deviation, and nonspecific ST or T wave changes are allowed; liver function tests [LFTs] <5 x ULN are acceptable). A complete list of exclusionary lab results are included in the appendix 1

Locations and Contacts

University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104 6178, United States
Additional Information

Starting date: September 1999
Last updated: December 2, 2009

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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