DrugLib.com — Drug Information Portal

Rx drug information, pharmaceutical research, clinical trials, news, and more

Sitagliptin Therapy in Hospitalized Patients With Type 2 Diabetes

Information source: Emory University
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Type 2 Diabetes

Intervention: Sitagliptin + glargine (Drug); Basal Bolus (Drug); Metformin and sitagliptin (Drug); Metformin and sitagliptin + glargine 50% (Drug); Metformin and sitagliptin + glargine 80% (Drug)

Phase: Phase 4

Status: Recruiting

Sponsored by: Emory University

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Guillermo Umpierrez, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Emory University SOM

Overall contact:
Guillermo E Umpierrez, MD, Phone: 404-778-1665, Email: geumpie@emory.edu


High blood glucose levels in hospitalized patients with diabetes are associated with increased risk of medical complications and death. Improved glucose control with insulin injections may improve clinical outcome and prevent some of the hospital complications. Glargine (Lantus®) insulin injection is the most common treatment of diabetes in the hospital. Sitagliptin (Januvia®)is effective in lowering blood glucose. In a recent pilot study aiming to determine differences in glycemic control between treatment with sitagliptin (Januvia®) alone or in combination with basal insulin and basal bolus regimen in general medicine and surgery patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). The investigators found that treatment with sitagliptin alone or in combination with basal insulin resulted in similar glycemic control compared to basal bolus regimen. The investigators will conduct a prospective RCT aimed to determine the safety and efficacy of sitagliptin therapy for in-hospital and post-discharge management of general medicine and surgical patients with T2D. A total of 280 patients with known history of diabetes will be randomized to receive sitagliptin plus basal (glargine) insulin once daily (group 1), or basal bolus regimen with glargine once daily and aspart or lispro insulin before meals (group 2). If needed, patients in the treatment groups will receive correction doses of rapid-acting insulin in the presence of hyperglycemia (BG > 140 mg/dl). The overall hypothesis is that treatment with sitagliptin in combination with basal insulin in patients with type 2 diabetes will result in a similar improvement in hospital and post-discharge glycemic control and in a lower frequency of hypoglycemic events than treatment with basal bolus insulin regimen with glargine once daily and lispro insulin before meals. Patients will be recruited at Grady Memorial Hospital, Emory University Hospital, University of Michigan, Ohio State University and Temple University

Clinical Details

Official title: Randomized Controlled Trial on the Safety and Efficacy of Sitagliptin Therapy for the Inpatient Management of General Medicine and Surgery Patients With Type 2 Diabetes

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Glycemic control

Secondary outcome:



Total daily insulin dose

Days of hospitalization

ICU need

Composite of hospital complications

Acute Renal Failure

Hospital mortality

Detailed description: Specific Aim 1: To determine whether in-hospital glycemic control, as measured by mean daily blood glucose concentration and frequency of hypoglycemic events, is different between treatment with sitagliptin (Januvia®) in combination with basal insulin (glargine) and basal bolus regimen (glargine and rapid-acting insulin analog) in general medicine and surgery patients with T2D. Patients with T2D treated with diet and/or OAD or with low total daily dose insulin therapy (≤0. 6 unit/kg/day) will be randomized to receive sitagliptin plus glargine insulin (group 1) or basal bolus regimen with glargine once daily and rapid-acting insulin (lispro or aspart) before meals (group 2). If needed, patients in the 2 treatment groups will receive supplemental (correction) doses of rapid-acting insulin before meals for BG > 140 mg/dl. Specific Aim 2: To determine the efficacy and safety of an A1C based discharge algorithm in controlling BG after discharge in patients with T2D. Patients who participate in the in-hospital (Aim 1) arm will be invited to enroll in this open label prospective outpatient study. The total duration of the study is 6 months. Patients with HbA1c ≤ 7% will be discharged on the combination of metformin and sitagliptin (Janumet ®) twice daily. Those with HbA1c between 7% and 9% will be discharged on metformin and sitagliptin (Janumet ®) twice daily plus glargine insulin at 50% of the inpatient glargine dose. Those with HbA1c > 9% will be discharged on metformin and sitagliptin (Janumet ®) twice-daily plus glargine insulin at 80% of the inpatient dose.


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 80 Years. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria: 1. Males or females between the ages of 18 and 80 years admitted to medicine and surgery services. 2. A known history of Type 2 Diabetes > 1 month, receiving either diet alone, oral antidiabetic agents: sulfonylureas and metformin as monotherapy or in combination therapy (excluding DPP-4 inhibitors) or low-dose (≤ 0. 6 units/kg/day) insulin therapy. 3. Subjects with a blood glucose >140 mg and < 400 mg/dL at time of randomization without laboratory evidence of diabetic ketoacidosis (serum bicarbonate < 18 mEq/L or positive serum or urinary ketones). Exclusion Criteria: 1. Age < 18 or > 80 years. 2. Subjects with increased BG concentration, but without a history of diabetes (stress hyperglycemia). 3. Subjects with a history of type 1 diabetes (suggested by BMI < 25 requiring insulin therapy or with a history of diabetic ketoacidosis and hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state, or ketonuria) [46]. 4. Treatment with DPP4 inhibitor or Glucagon like peptide 1 (GLP1) analogs during the past 3 months prior to admission. 5. Acute critical illness or coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery expected to require admission to a critical care unit. 6. Subjects with gastrointestinal obstruction or adynamic ileus or those expected to require gastrointestinal suction. 7. Medical or surgical patients expected to be kept NPO for >24-48 hours after admission or after completion of surgical procedure. 8. Patients with clinically relevant pancreatic or gallbladder disease. 9. Patients with acute myocardial infarction, clinically significant hepatic disease or significantly impaired renal function (GFR < 30 ml/min). 10. Treatment with oral or injectable corticosteroid = or > prednisone 5 mg/per day. 11. Mental condition rendering the subject unable to understand the nature, scope, and possible consequences of the study. 12. Female subjects are pregnant or breast feeding at time of enrollment into the study.

Locations and Contacts

Guillermo E Umpierrez, MD, Phone: 404-778-1665, Email: geumpie@emory.edu

Emory University Hospital, Atlanta, Georgia 30324, United States; Recruiting
Dawn Smiley, MD, Email: dsmiley@emory.edu
Dawn Smiley, MD, Sub-Investigator

Grady Memorial Hospital, Atlanta, Georgia 30303, United States; Recruiting
Guillermo Umpierrez, MD, Email: geumpie@emory.edu
Francisco Pasquel, MD, Phone: 4047781688, Email: fpasque@emory.edu
Guillermo Umpierrez, MD, Principal Investigator
Francisco Pasquel, MD, Sub-Investigator
Dawn Smiley, MD, Sub-Investigator
Priya Vellanki, MD, Sub-Investigator

University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, United States; Recruiting
Roma Gianchandani, MD, Email: romag@med.umich.edu
Roma Gianchandani, MD, Principal Investigator

Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210, United States; Recruiting
Kathleen Dungan, MD, Email: Kathleen.Dungan@osumc.edu
Kathleen Dungan, MD, Principal Investigator

Temple University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19140, United States; Recruiting
Daniel Rubin, MD, Email: Daniel.Rubin@tuhs.temple.edu
Daniel Rubin, MD, Principal Investigator

Additional Information

Starting date: July 2013
Last updated: March 6, 2015

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

-- advertisement -- The American Red Cross
Home | About Us | Contact Us | Site usage policy | Privacy policy

All Rights reserved - Copyright DrugLib.com, 2006-2017