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Paclitaxel and Carboplatin With or Without Nitroglycerin in Treating Patients With Previously Untreated Stage III or Stage IV Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Information source: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Lung Cancer

Intervention: carboplatin (Drug); nitroglycerin (Drug); paclitaxel (Drug)

Phase: Phase 2

Status: Recruiting

Sponsored by: Kyoto University

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Hiroyasu Yasuda, MD, PhD, Study Chair, Affiliation: Tohoku University
Akiko Takeuchi, Affiliation: Translational Research Informatics Center, Kobe, Hyogo, Japan


RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as paclitaxel and carboplatin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Nitroglycerin may help carboplatin and paclitaxel work better by making tumor cells more sensitive to the drugs. PURPOSE: This phase II randomized trial is studying how well giving nitroglycerin together with paclitaxel and carboplatin works and compares it to giving paclitaxel and carboplatin alone in treating patients with previously untreated stage III or stage IV non-small cell lung cancer.

Clinical Details

Official title: A Phase II, Multinational and Multicenter, Randomized, Controlled Study of Paclitaxel and Carboplatin With vs Without Nitroglycerin in Patients With Untreated Advanced Non-small Cell Lung Cancer

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Tumor response rate

Secondary outcome:

Progression-free survival

Adverse event and its severity

Overall survival

Change in the plasma concentration of VEGF between before and after the three-day administration of nitroglycerin prior to the start of the administration of anticancer drugs in the first course of the treatment

Change in the number of endothelial progenitor cells in blood between before and after the three-day administration of nitroglycerin prior to the start of the administration of anticancer drugs in the first course of the treatment

Blood concentration of paclitaxel and carboplatin immediately and two hours after the administration of the anticancer drug (paclitaxel) in the first course of treatment

Detailed description: OBJECTIVES:

- To evaluate tumor response rate and safety of nitroglycerin as a potentiator of

anticancer combination therapy comprising paclitaxel and carboplatin in patients with previously untreated stage IIIB or IV non-small cell lung cancer. OUTLINE: This is a multicenter, randomized, controlled study. Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

- Arm I: Patients receive nitroglycerin, paclitaxel, and carboplatin.

- Arm II: Patients receive paclitaxel and carboplatin. In both arms, treatment continues

for 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.


Minimum age: 40 Years. Maximum age: 80 Years. Gender(s): Both.



- Histologically or cytologically confirmed non-small cell lung cancer

- Stage IIIB or IV disease that cannot be treated by radical irradiation

- Tumor lesions must be objectively evaluated according to WHO criteria (maximum

diameter is no shorter than twice the slice width and no shorter than 10 mm) by CT scan

- No brain metastasis


- ECOG performance status 0-1

- Life expectancy ≥ 3 months

- Neutrophil count > 2,000/μL

- Hemoglobin > 10. 0 g/dL

- Platelet count > 100,000/μL

- Serum bilirubin < 2. 0 mg/dL

- ALT and AST < 100 IU/L

- Serum creatinine < 2. 0 mg/dL

- PaO_2 ≥ 70 mm Hg

- No cardiac problems, including any of the following:

- Poorly controlled hypertension

- Unstable angina

- Congestive heart failure

- Myocardial infarction within the past year

- Ventricular arrhythmia that requires treatment except single, well-controlled

isolated ventricular extrasystole

- No chronic active hepatitis or cirrhosis requiring treatment except hepatitis virus

carriers who do not need treatment

- No comorbidity of interstitial pneumonia and pulmonary fibrosis requiring treatment

- No other cancer requiring treatment except a malignant tumor curatively resected with

no recurrence

- No severe psychiatric disorders including schizophrenia or dementia

- Cardiothoracic ratio < 60% by chest x-ray

- No history of severe drug allergy or allergy to polyoxyethylene castor oil (in some

anesthetic drugs or muscle relaxants) or polysorbate 80

- Patients in whom nitroglycerin preparations are contraindicated are not eligible,

including any of the following:

- Severe hypotension (e. g., systolic blood pressure ≤ 80 mm Hg)

- Angle-closure glaucoma

- History of hypersensitivity to nitrate/nitrite ester drugs

- Not pregnant or nursing


- No prior chemotherapy or radiotherapy

- Pleurodesis is not considered chemotherapy

- At least 1 week since prior and no other concurrent nitric oxide donors (e. g.,


- At least 1 week since prior and no concurrent calcium antagonists

- At least 1 week since prior and no concurrent drugs for erectile dysfunction that

inhibit phosphodiesterase 5 (e. g., sildenafil citrate or vardenafil hydrochloride hydrate)

- More than 24 hours since prior and no concurrent administration of the following:

- Antifungal azoles, including ketoconazole, miconazole, or itraconazole

- Macrolides, including erythromycin or clarithromycin

- Cyclosporines

- Benzodiazepines, including diazepam, triazolam, or midazolam

- Vitamin A

- Steroid hormones, including ethinylestradiol

- No concurrent participation in another clinical trial

Locations and Contacts

Kyoto University Hospital, Kyoto 606-8507, Japan; Recruiting
Hiroyasu Yasuda, MD, PhD, Phone: 81-75-751-4770, Email: yasuda@kuhp.kyoto-u.ac.jp
Additional Information

Clinical trial summary from the National Cancer Institute's PDQ® database

Starting date: January 2008
Last updated: August 9, 2013

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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