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Study of New Antibiotic Regimen for the Treatment of Uncomplicated Cellulitis in Emergency Department Patients

Information source: Brigham and Women's Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Cellulitis

Intervention: trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (Drug); Cephalexin (Drug)

Phase: N/A

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: Brigham and Women's Hospital

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Daniel J. Pallin, MD, MPH, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Brigham and Women's Hospital


The primary aim of this study is to quantify the effectiveness of Bactrim as additional therapy for the treatment of uncomplicated cellulitis in adults, by comparing: standard therapy plus Bactrim, versus standard therapy plus placebo. The primary hypothesis of this study is that, in light of increasing CA-MRSA prevalence, subjects treated with standard therapy plus Bactrim will have higher cure rates than those treated with standard therapy plus placebo.

Clinical Details

Official title: Randomized Trial of Trimethoprim-Sulfamethoxazole Versus Placebo Added to Standard Treatment of Uncomplicated Cellulitis in Emergency Department Patients

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Relative Efficacy

Secondary outcome: Progression to Abscess


Minimum age: 12 Months. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria

- Must have cellulitis as defined here:

1. Definition A (preferred definition): Recent onset of soft tissue erythema, considered by the treating clinician to be bacterial in origin, and associated with signs of infection that include at least two of the following: pain, swelling, warmth, fever, lymphangitis, induration, or ulceration. 2. Definition B (ONLY for darkly-pigmented subjects who cannot use Definition A): Recent onset of soft tissue color change, pain, or swelling, considered by the treating clinician to be bacterial in origin, and at least one of the following: warmth, fever, induration, or ulceration

- Clinical (non-research) attending physician agrees with treatment with cephalexin

until 3 days after all symptoms gone, using our weight-based dosing

- Responsible clinical attending physician comfortable with adding

trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole vs. placebo to the above

- Subject understands the study and signs written informed consent.

- Subject agrees to drink at least 1 liter of fluid per day.

- Subject will commit to all follow-up appointments

Exclusion Criteria:

- Age < 12 months or weight <15 kg

- Current skin infection has already been treated

- Allergy to sulfa drugs

- History of severe allergic reaction to penicillin (defined as anaphylactoid reaction,

angioedema, bronchospasm)

- Current use of any antibiotic (other than topicals)

- Diabetes mellitus

- Cellulitis complicated by underlying peripheral vascular disease

- Renal insufficiency, defined as patient report, clinical suspicion, or creatinine>1. 3

or EGFR<60 on the last-available set of chemistry results in our computer system

- Hospital admission required

- Presence of > 1 cc of purulent discharge at any time

- Cellulitis involving an indwelling vascular, enteric, or urinary catheter

- Immunocompromise of any etiology

- Pregnancy

- Breast feeding

- Facial cellulitis (infection is above the clavicles)

- Cellulitis associated with marine or freshwater injury, or animal or human bite.

(Insect bites not excluded.)

- History of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency

- Taking coumadin (warfarin), methotrexate, cisapride, phenytoin (dilantin), digoxin,

or dofetilide

- Known megaloblastic anemia due to folate deficiency.

Locations and Contacts

Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, United States

Children's Hospital Boston, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, United States

Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, United States

Additional Information

Starting date: May 2007
Last updated: August 12, 2012

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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