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Antithymocyte Globulin, Clofarabine, and Rituximab in Treating Patients After an Unsuccessful Stem Cell Transplant

Information source: Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 20, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Cancer

Intervention: anti-thymocyte globulin (Biological); rituximab (Biological); clofarabine (Drug); stem cell transplantation (Procedure)

Phase: Phase 2

Status: Terminated

Sponsored by: Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Jakub Tolar, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota


RATIONALE: Antithymocyte globulin, clofarabine, and rituximab may stop the patient's immune system from rejecting the donor's stem cells when they do not exactly match the patient's blood. The donated stem cells may replace the patient's immune cells and help destroy any remaining cancer cells (graft-versus-tumor effect). Sometimes the transplanted cells from a donor can also make an immune response against the body's normal cells. Giving antithymocyte globulin before transplant and cyclosporine and mycophenolate mofetil before and after transplant may stop this from happening. PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying how well giving antithymocyte globulin together with clofarabine and rituximab works in treating patients after an unsuccessful stem cell transplant.

Clinical Details

Official title: Conditioning for Graft Failure After Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation

Study design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Donor engraftment

Secondary outcome:

Treatment-related Death

Time to primary neutrophil engraftment

Overall Survival


Acute graft-vs-host disease

Detailed description: OBJECTIVES: Primary

- To determine the rate of sustained donor engraftment at 42 days and survival at 100

days post transplantation in patients treated with anti-thymocyte globulin, clofarabine, and rituximab. Secondary

- To determine incidence of treatment-related mortality at day 100 post transplantation.

- To determine incidence of neutrophil recovery by day 42 post transplantation.

- To determine survival at day 100 and 1 year post transplantation.

- To determine the proportion of patients with chimerism at day 28 post transplantation.

- To determine incidence and severity of grades II-IV acute graft-vs-host disease by day

100 post transplantation. OUTLINE:

- Conditioning regimen: Patients receive rituximab intravenously (IV) on day -7,

anti-thymocyte globulin IV over 4-6 hours on days - 6 to -4, and clofarabine IV over 1

hour on days - 4 to -2.

- Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT): Patients undergo HSCT on day 0.

Patients may receive umbilical cord blood, peripheral blood stem cells, or bone marrow from unrelated or related donors.

- Graft-vs-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis: Patients receive oral cyclosporine twice

daily or cyclosporine IV every 8 hours beginning on day - 3 and continuing for 100 or

180 days post transplantation followed by a taper; mycophenolate mofetil IV every 8

hours beginning on day - 3 and continuing for 30 days (or 7 days after engraftment with

no evidence of GVHD); and filgrastim (G-CSF) IV once daily beginning on day 1 and continuing until blood counts recover. After completion of study therapy, patients are followed on days 100, 180, and 360.


Minimum age: N/A. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.


Patient Inclusion Criteria:

- Timing of relevant evaluations: Taking in account the need for rapid intervention, if

white blood count is less than 200 on day +20, bone marrow aspirate should be performed on day +21. Unless there is an increase in absolute neutrophil count (ANC) to > 500 in the following 7 days, bone marrow aspirate should be repeated on day +28. If the white blood count is still less than 200 and bone marrow is acellular, bone marrow (BM) or peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) donor should be reactivated and availability of cord blood (CB) units assessed. If the BM or PBSC donor is not confirmed within 14 days of the request for the donation (typically second donation from the same donor), CB unit should be used instead. Primary or secondary graft failure after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation defined as a > 50% loss of donor chimerism from previous maximum or less than 25% donor beyond day +42 with pancytopenia and no evidence of relapse. Patients with any diagnosis, type of donor, hematopoietic cell graft or conditioning regimen should be considered for this study.

- primary graft failure is defined as:

- ANC < 500

- BM < 10% on two occasions (Day +21 and Day +28)

- Donor chimerism need not to be considered, provided there is no evidence of


- secondary graft failure is defined as < 5% cellularity and ANC < 500 for more than 7

days any time after primary engraftment).

- Women of childbearing potential must agree to use adequate contraception

(diaphragm, birth control pills, injections, intrauterine device [IUD], surgical sterilization, subcutaneous implants, or abstinence, etc.) for the duration of treatment.

- Patients or their guardian are able and willing to provide written informed

consent. Patient Exclusion Criteria: The presence of any of the following excludes a patient from study enrollment:

- Uncontrolled active infection defined as more than one week with no response to

appropriately chosen antibiotics

- Evidence of recurrence of primary malignancy.

- Pregnant or lactating. The agents used in this study may be teratogenic to a fetus

and there is no information on the excretion of agents into breast milk. All females of childbearing potential must have a blood test or urine study within 2 weeks prior to registration to rule out pregnancy. Women of childbearing age must use appropriate methods as described.

- Allergy to rituximab.

- Evidence of HIV infection or positive HIV serology.

- Autologous recovery defined as defined as greater than 90% recipient PCR product in

the competitive VNTR PCR performed on gradually increasing white blood cell count. Donor Inclusion Criteria:

- Related donors must be 2-75 years of age and in good health.

- Meets match criteria

- Able and willing to undergo cell collection procedures (bone marrow cell collection

or leukapheresis)

- Not pregnant or lactating.

- HIV-1, HIV-2 negative; HTLV-1, HTLV-2 negative, Hepatitis B and C negative.

- Patients or their guardian are able and willing to provide informed consent

Locations and Contacts

Masonic Cancer Center at University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455, United States
Additional Information

Clinical trial summary from the National Cancer Institute's PDQ® database

Starting date: January 2008
Last updated: April 10, 2015

Page last updated: August 20, 2015

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