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Immunotherapy Using Tumor Infiltrating Lymphocytes for Patients With Metastatic Human Papillomavirus-Associated Cancers

Information source: National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Cervical Cancer; Oropharyngeal Cancer; Vaginal Cancer; Anal Cancer; Penile Cancer

Intervention: Fludarabine (Drug); Cycolphosphamide (Drug); Young TIL (Biological); Aldesleukin (Drug)

Phase: Phase 2

Status: Recruiting

Sponsored by: National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Steven A Rosenberg, M.D., Principal Investigator, Affiliation: National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Overall contact:
Jessica G Yingling, R.N., Phone: (866) 820-4505, Email: ncisbirc@mail.nih.gov


Background: The human papillomavirus (HPV) can cause a number of cancers, including cervical and throat cancers. The NCI Surgery Branch has developed an experimental therapy that involves taking white blood cells from patients' tumors, growing them in the laboratory in large numbers, and then giving the cells back to the patient. These cells are called Tumor Infiltrating Lymphocytes, or TIL and we have given this type of treatment to over 200 patients with melanoma. Researchers want to know if TIL shrink s tumors in people with HPV-related cancer. In this study, we are selecting a specific subset of white blood cells from the tumor that we think are the most effective in fighting tumors and will use only these cells in making the tumor fighting cells. Objective: The purpose of this study is to see if these specifically selected tumor fighting cells can cause HPV-related cancers to shrink and to see if this treatment is safe. Eligibility:

- Adults age 18-66 with HPV-related cancer who have a tumor that can be safely removed.

Design: Work up stage: Patients will be seen as an outpatient at the NIH clinical Center and undergo a history and physical examination, scans, x-rays, lab tests, and other tests as needed. Surgery: If the patients meet all of the requirements for the study they will undergo surgery to remove a tumor that can be used to grow the TIL product. Leukapheresis: Patients may undergo leukapheresis to obtain additional white blood cells. {Leukapheresis is a common procedure, which removes only the white blood cells from the patient.} Treatment: Once their cells have grown, the patients will be admitted to the hospital for the conditioning chemotherapy, the TIL cells and aldesleukin. They will stay in the hospital for about 4 weeks for the treatment. Follow up: Patients will return to the clinic for a physical exam, review of side effects, lab tests, and scans about every 1-3 months for the first year, and then every 6 months to 1 year as long as their tumors are shrinking. Follow up visits will take up to 2 days.

Clinical Details

Official title: A Phase II Study of Lymphodepletion Followed by Autologous Tumor-Infiltrating Lymphocytes and High-Dose Aldesleukin for Human Papillomavirus-Associated Cancers

Study design: Allocation: Non-Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: To determine if autologous Young TIL infused in conjunction with high dose aldesleukin following a nonmyeloablative lymphodepleting preparative regimen can mediate tumor regression in patients with metastatic or locally advanced refractory/recur...

Detailed description: Background:

- Metastatic or locally advanced refractory/recurrent human papillomavirus

(HPV)-associated malignancies (cervical, vulvar, vaginal, penile, anal, and oropharyngeal) are incurable and poorly palliated by standard therapies.

- Administration of autologous tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) generated from

resected metastatic melanoma can induce objective long-term tumor responses.

- Young TIL can be generated from HPV-associated tumors.


- To determine if autologous Young TIL infused in conjunction with high dose aldesleukin

following a non-myeloablative lymphodepleting preparative regimen can mediate tumor regression in patients with metastatic or locally advanced refractory/recurrent HPV-associated cancer.

- To study immunologic correlates associated with Young TIL therapy for HPV-associated


- To determine the toxicity of this treatment regimen.


- Patients greater than or equal to 18 years old with a pathologically confirmed diagnosis

of metastatic or locally advanced refractory/recurrentHIPV-16+ or HPV-18+ human papillomavirus-associated cancer. Design:

- Patients will undergo biopsy or resection to obtain tumor for generation of autologous

TIL cultures and autologous cancer cell lines.

- All patients will receive a non-myeloablative lymphocyte depleting preparative regimen

of cyclophosphamide (60 mg/kg/day IV) on days - 7 and -6 and fludarabine (25 mg/m2/day

IV) on days - 5 through -1.

- On day 0 patients will receive between 1 times 10 (9) to 2 times 10(11) young TIL and

then begin high dose aldesleukin (720,000 IU/kg IV every 8 hours for up to 15 doses).

- Clinical and immunologic response will be evaluated about 4-6 weeks after TIL infusion.

- Initially, 18 evaluable patients will be enrolled in two cohorts; patients iwth

cervical cancer and those with non- cervical cancer. For each cohort, if 0 to 2 of the 18 patients experience a clinical response, then no further patients will be enrolled. If 3 or more of the first 18 evaluable patients enrolled have a clinical response, then accrual will continue until a total of 35 evaluable patients have been enrolled in each cohort. Up to 73 patients may be enrolled over approximately 3-4 years.


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 70 Years. Gender(s): Both.



1. Measurable metastatic or locally advanced refractory/recurrent malignancies that are HPV-16 or HPV-18 high HPV positive by in situ hybridization (ISH) or polymerase chain reaction (PCR) or any cancer from the uterine cervix.. 2. All patients must have received at least one standard chemotherapy or chemoradiotherapy. 3. Patients with 3 or fewer brain metastases that are less than 1 cm in diameter and asymptomatic are eligible. Lesions that have been treated with stereotactic radiosurgery must be clinically stable for 1 month after treatment for the patient to be eligible. 4. Greater than or equal to 18 years of age and less than or equal to age 70. 5. Able to understand and sign the Informed Consent Document 6. Clinical performance status of ECOG 0 or 1. 7. Life expectancy of greater than three months 8. Patients of both genders must be willing to practice birth control from the time of enrollment on this study and for up to four months after treatment. 9. Serology:

- Seronegative for HIV antibody. (The experimental treatment being evaluated in

this protocol depends on an intact immune system. Patients who are HIV seropositive can have decreased immune-competence and thus be less responsive to the experimental treatment and more susceptible to its toxicities.)

- Seronegative for hepatitis B antigen, and seronegative for hepatitis C antibody.

If hepatitis C antibody test is positive, then patient must be tested for the presence of antigen by RT-PCR and be HCV RNA negative. 10. Women of child bearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test because of the potentially dangerous effects of the treatment on the fetus. 11. Hematology

- Absolute neutrophil count greater than 1000/mm3 without the support of


- WBC greater than or equal to 3000/mm3

- Platelet count greater than or equal too 100,000/mm3

- Hemoglobin greater than 8. 0 g/dl

12. Chemistry:

- Serum ALT/AST less than or equal to to 2. 5 times the upper limit of normal

- Serum creatinine less than or equal to to 1. 6 mg/dl

- Total bilirubin less that or equal to 1. 5 mg/dl, except in patients with Gilbert

s Syndrome who must have a total bilirubin less than 3. 0 mg/dl. 13. More than four weeks must have elapsed since any prior systemic therapy at the time the patient receives the preparative regimen, and patients toxicities must have recovered to a grade 1 or less (except for toxicities such as alopecia or vitiligo). Note: Patients may have undergone minor surgical procedures within the past 3 weeks, as long as all toxicities have recovered to grade 1 or less or as specified in the eligibility criteria in Section 2. 1.1. 14. More than four weeks must have elapsed since any prior radiation therapy. EXCLUSION CRITERIA: 1. Women of child-bearing potential who are pregnant or breastfeeding because of the potentially dangerous effects of the preparative chemotherapy treatment on the fetus or infant. 2. Active systemic infections, coagulation disorders or other active major medical illnesses of the cardiovascular, respiratory or immune system, as evidenced by a positive stress thallium or comparable test, myocardial infarction, cardiac arrhythimas, obstructive or restrictive pulmonary disease. 3. Any form of primary immunodeficiency (such as Severe Combined Immunodeficiency Disease). 4. Concurrent opportunistic infections (The experimental treatment being evaluated in this protocol depends on an intact immune system. Patients who have decreased immune competence may be less responsive to the experimental treatment and more susceptible to its toxicities). 5. Concurrent systemic steroid therapy. 6. History of severe immediate hypersensitivity reaction to any of the agents used in this study. 7. History of coronary revascularization or ischemic symptoms. 8. Any patient known to have an LVEF less than or equal to 45%. 9. Documented LVEF of less than or equal to 45% tested in patients with i) clinically significant atrial and/or ventricular arrhythmias including but not limited to: atrial fibrillation, ventricular tachycardia, second or third degree heart block or ii) age greater than or equal 60 years old. 10. Active Bleeding

Locations and Contacts

Jessica G Yingling, R.N., Phone: (866) 820-4505, Email: ncisbirc@mail.nih.gov

National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, United States; Recruiting
For more information at the NIH Clinical Center contact NCI/Surgery Branch Recruitment Center, Phone: 866-820-4505, Email: ncisbirc@mail.nih.gov
Additional Information

NIH Clinical Center Detailed Web Page

Related publications:

Chaturvedi AK, Engels EA, Pfeiffer RM, Hernandez BY, Xiao W, Kim E, Jiang B, Goodman MT, Sibug-Saber M, Cozen W, Liu L, Lynch CF, Wentzensen N, Jordan RC, Altekruse S, Anderson WF, Rosenberg PS, Gillison ML. Human papillomavirus and rising oropharyngeal cancer incidence in the United States. J Clin Oncol. 2011 Nov 10;29(32):4294-301. doi: 10.1200/JCO.2011.36.4596. Epub 2011 Oct 3.

Rosenberg SA, Yang JC, Sherry RM, Kammula US, Hughes MS, Phan GQ, Citrin DE, Restifo NP, Robbins PF, Wunderlich JR, Morton KE, Laurencot CM, Steinberg SM, White DE, Dudley ME. Durable complete responses in heavily pretreated patients with metastatic melanoma using T-cell transfer immunotherapy. Clin Cancer Res. 2011 Jul 1;17(13):4550-7. doi: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-11-0116. Epub 2011 Apr 15.

Ryerson AB, Peters ES, Coughlin SS, Chen VW, Gillison ML, Reichman ME, Wu X, Chaturvedi AK, Kawaoka K. Burden of potentially human papillomavirus-associated cancers of the oropharynx and oral cavity in the US, 1998-2003. Cancer. 2008 Nov 15;113(10 Suppl):2901-9. doi: 10.1002/cncr.23745.

Starting date: April 2012
Last updated: July 28, 2015

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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