DrugLib.com — Drug Information Portal

Rx drug information, pharmaceutical research, clinical trials, news, and more

Subconjunctival IVIg (Gamunex-C) Injection for Corneal Neovascularization and Inflammatory Conditions

Information source: University of Utah
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Corneal Neovascularization; Corneal Graft Failure; Anterior Segment Inflammation

Intervention: Gamunex-C (Drug)

Phase: Phase 1

Status: Recruiting

Sponsored by: University of Utah

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Balamurali K Ambati, M.D., Ph.D., M.B.A., Principal Investigator, Affiliation: University of Utah

Overall contact:
Bonnie Archer, Phone: (801) 213-2550, Email: bejarcher@gmail.com


The purpose of the study is to test the investigational drug Gamunex-C on the growth of blood vessels over the cornea. This study is being conducted by Dr. Balamurali Ambati at the Moran Eye Center at the University of Utah. The cornea is the clear outer front part of the eye. In corneal neovascularization, blood vessels grow over the cornea. Corneal neovascularization and ocular anterior segment inflammations are sight-threatening conditions. Lipid deposition and edema with subsequent scar formation can compromise corneal clarity irreversibly. Corneal neovascularization is also a well recognized risk factor for corneal graft failure. In its natural state, the cornea is a site of immune privilege well suited to tissue transplantation. Once vascularized, there is direct exposure of corneal antigens to circulating host immune mechanisms greatly increasing the chance of rejection [Collaborative Corneal Transplantation Study]. Melting or inflammation in the anterior chamber, cornea, or ocular surface can cause irreversible scarring or destruction of the optical elements of the eye, which can compromise vision. Current standard of care for such conditions includes use of topical steroids and sometimes immunosuppressants (e. g., cyclosporine). These do not address a common underlying corneal neovascularization or melting. This is a Phase 1 clinical trial of subconjunctival IVIg (Gamunex-C) injection for treatment of corneal neovascularization in the setting of corneal transplantation with neovascularization. Candidates for corneal transplantation with corneal neovascularization in one or more quadrants crossing more than 0. 5mm over the limbus will be identified for inclusion in our study.

Clinical Details

Official title: Subconjunctival IVIg (Gamunex-C) Injection for Corneal Neovascularization and Inflammatory Conditions

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Ability to regress neovascularization

Secondary outcome:

Ability to regress neovascularization and promote graft survival

Ability to regress neovascularization and promote graft survival

Need for immunosuppression

Need for immunosuppression

Effect on corneal infections

Effect on corneal infections

Visual outcome at week 28

Visual outcome at week 52

Mean number of injections through week 28

Mean number of injections through week 52

Need for rescue treatment in standard of care group

Need for rescue treatment in standard of care group


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria: 1. Candidates for corneal transplantation (only one eye per patient would be enrolled) 2. Patients with corneal neovascularization in one or more quadrants crossing more than 1. 0 mm over the limbus at time of enrollment in the study 3. Patients with refractory anterior uveitis, non-responding corneal melts, or non-responding ocular cicatricial pemphigoid 4. Willing and able to comply with clinic visits and study-related procedures 5. Provide signed informed consent 6. Age 18 or over Exclusion Criteria: 1. Patients receiving antiangiogenic anti-VEGF medication either systemically or intravitreally for other pathology or who have received these drugs within 3 months of study enrollment 2. Patients with active corneal infection requiring additional treatment modalities 3. Patients receiving coumadin with INR >2. 0, other anti-thrombotic agents (e. g., aspirin, Plavix) permitted at discretion of investigator 4. History of CVA or MI within 6 months prior to study enrollment 5. Uncontrolled BP- defined as SBP>160 mmHg or DBP >95mmHg while patient is sitting 6. Pregnant or breast-feeding women 7. Sexually active men* or women of childbearing potential** who are unwilling to practice adequate contraception during the study (adequate contraceptive measures include stable use of oral contraceptives or other prescription pharmaceutical contraceptives for 2 or more menstrual cycles prior to screening; intrauterine device [IUD]; bilateral tubal ligation; vasectomy; condom plus contraceptive sponge, foam, or jelly, or diaphragm plus contraceptive sponge, foam, or jelly) *Contraception is not required for men with documented vasectomy. **Postmenopausal women must be amenorrheic for at least 12 months in order not to be considered of child bearing potential. Pregnancy testing and contraception are not required for women with documented hysterectomy or tubal ligation.

Locations and Contacts

Bonnie Archer, Phone: (801) 213-2550, Email: bejarcher@gmail.com

John A. Moran Eye Center, Salt Lake City, Utah 84132, United States; Recruiting
Balamurali K. Ambati, M.D., Ph.D., M.B.A., Principal Investigator
Additional Information

Related publications:

Chang JH, Garg NK, Lunde E, Han KY, Jain S, Azar DT. Corneal neovascularization: an anti-VEGF therapy review. Surv Ophthalmol. 2012 Sep;57(5):415-29. doi: 10.1016/j.survophthal.2012.01.007. Review.

Chang JH, Gabison EE, Kato T, Azar DT. Corneal neovascularization. Curr Opin Ophthalmol. 2001 Aug;12(4):242-9. Review.

Cho YK, Uehara H, Young JR, Tyagi P, Kompella UB, Zhang X, Luo L, Singh N, Archer B, Ambati BK. Flt23k nanoparticles offer additive benefit in graft survival and anti-angiogenic effects when combined with triamcinolone. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2012 Apr 30;53(4):2328-36. doi: 10.1167/iovs.11-8393.

Singh SR, Grossniklaus HE, Kang SJ, Edelhauser HF, Ambati BK, Kompella UB. Intravenous transferrin, RGD peptide and dual-targeted nanoparticles enhance anti-VEGF intraceptor gene delivery to laser-induced CNV. Gene Ther. 2009 May;16(5):645-59. doi: 10.1038/gt.2008.185. Epub 2009 Feb 5.

Jani PD, Singh N, Jenkins C, Raghava S, Mo Y, Amin S, Kompella UB, Ambati BK. Nanoparticles sustain expression of Flt intraceptors in the cornea and inhibit injury-induced corneal angiogenesis. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2007 May;48(5):2030-6.

Luo L, Zhang X, Hirano Y, Tyagi P, Barabás P, Uehara H, Miya TR, Singh N, Archer B, Qazi Y, Jackman K, Das SK, Olsen T, Chennamaneni SR, Stagg BC, Ahmed F, Emerson L, Zygmunt K, Whitaker R, Mamalis C, Huang W, Gao G, Srinivas SP, Krizaj D, Baffi J, Ambati J, Kompella UB, Ambati BK. Targeted intraceptor nanoparticle therapy reduces angiogenesis and fibrosis in primate and murine macular degeneration. ACS Nano. 2013 Apr 23;7(4):3264-75. doi: 10.1021/nn305958y. Epub 2013 Mar 20.

Starting date: July 2014
Last updated: April 1, 2015

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

-- advertisement -- The American Red Cross
Home | About Us | Contact Us | Site usage policy | Privacy policy

All Rights reserved - Copyright DrugLib.com, 2006-2017