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Paclitaxel, Ifosfamide and Cisplatin (TIP) Versus Bleomycin, Etoposide and Cisplatin (BEP) for Patients With Previously Untreated Intermediate- and Poor-risk Germ Cell Tumors

Information source: Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Germ Cell Tumors

Intervention: Paclitaxel (Drug); Ifosfamide (Drug); Cisplatin (Drug); Mesna (Drug); Bleomycin (Drug); Etoposide (Drug)

Phase: Phase 2

Status: Recruiting

Sponsored by: Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Darren Feldman, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

Overall contact:
Darren Feldman, MD, Phone: 646-422-4491

Summary

The purpose of this study is to learn about the safety and effectiveness of two different drug combinations in patients who have intermediate- and poor-risk germ cell tumors (GCT). One combination of drugs, paclitaxel, ifosfamide and cisplatin (TIP), is experimental. The other combination of drugs, bleomycin, etoposide and cisplatin (BEP), is the standard of care treatment for intermediate- and poor-risk germ cell tumors. However, BEP does not cure every patient and therefore newer treatments are needed.

Clinical Details

Official title: Randomized Phase II Trial of Paclitaxel, Ifosfamide and Cisplatin (TIP) Versus Bleomycin, Etoposide and Cisplatin (BEP) for Patients With Previously Untreated Intermediate- and Poor-Risk Germ Cell Tumors

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: favorable best response rate

Secondary outcome:

overall best response

progression-free survival (PFS)

overall survival (OS)

toxicity

Eligibility

Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- Patients ≥ 18 years of age.

- Patients with newly diagnosed GCT

- Pathology confirmation of GCT histology at MSKCC or a collaborating treating

institution. In exceptional circumstances, patients without pathological diagnosis may be included in the study following discussion with the national principal investigator, Dr. Feldman,(or national Co-PI or MSKCC Co-PI if the national PI is unavailable) if they meet the one of the following criteria:

- Patients with a testicular mass (detected clinically and/or by ultrasound), and/or

mediastinal or retroperitoneal lymphadenopathy or pineal tumor AND elevated serum tumor markers (HCG and/or AFP). Patients with elevated LDH only will not be included without pathological confirmation of GCT since LDH is a nonspecific marker for GCT and could potentially be elevated in other malignancies such as lymphomas. This is because patients may present with a clinical scenario consistent with GCT (elevated serum tumor markers, testicular mass and retroperitoneal lymphadenopathy) with a concurrent life-threatening oncologic emergency that require immediate treatment. In this case, initial treatment without biopsy confirmation is usually recommended and tissue confirmation may be obtained after initiating therapy.

- Patients must have measurable or evaluable disease.

- Patients must be classified as having intermediate or poor-risk germ cell tumor, as

follows:

- Intermediate-risk (Modified*) a) Testis or retroperitoneal primary NSGCT with

lymph node and/or lung metastasis but without non-pulmonary visceral metastasis AND any of the following pretreatment serum tumor marker (STM) values: i. Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) from 3 to <10 x ULN (*This differs from the original IGCCCG criteria which includes patients with LDH from 1. 5 to 10 x ULN). ii. Serum human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG) from 5,000 to < 50,000 MIU/mL iii. Serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) from 1,000 to <10,000 ng/mL b) Seminoma histology regardless the primary site or serum tumor markers with any non-pulmonary visceral metastasis (liver, bone, brain, etc).

- Poor-risk (any of the following):

1. Testis or retroperitoneal NSGCT primary with non-pulmonary visceral metastasis (liver, bone, brain, etc) regardless the STM values. 2. Mediastinal NSGCT primary site of disease regardless the presence/absence of visceral metastasis or STM values. 3. Testis or retroperitoneal NSGCT primary without non-pulmonary visceral metastasis but with poor-risk STM values:

- i. LDH ≥ 10 x ULN

- ii. HCG ≥ 50,000 MIU/mL

- iii. AFP ≥ 10,000 ng/mL

- Patients who received prior radiation therapy (RT) for treatment of germ cell

tumor are eligible for this study as long as there is evidence of progressive disease determined by tumor markers or other sites of metastases outside of the radiated site. Radiation must be completed prior to starting chemotherapy with the exception of brain metastases where chemotherapy and radiation can be given concurrently. Toxicity from radiation must have recovered to grade 1 or less prior to initiating chemotherapy.

- Patients must have recovered from prior surgery based on treating physician's

discretion.

- Patients of reproductive potential must agree to use effective contraception

during the period of therapy

- Signed informed consent.

- Diffusion lung capacity for carbon monoxide (DLCO) adjusted for hemoglobin ≥60%

predicted, except if related to high volume metastatic GCT to the lungs in which case there is no minimum DLCO requirement. In some cases, patients may not be able to undergo PFT testing due to the severity of their presentation. such as those with high volume lung metastases or tumor-related pain (from large mediastinal masses, pleural disease, etc.) limiting their ability to complete PFTs. Even when PFTs can be completed in these cases, patients will still be eligible if the low DLCO can be attributed directly to the patient's disease (e. g., large mediastinal mass) rather than intrinsic lung disease. Since there is no minimum DLCO for these patients, under these extraordinary circumstances, this will be allowed. Most patients in this situation will be expected to receive disease-stabilizing chemotherapy. An unadjusted DLCO may be used in place of the DLCO adjusted for hemoglobin in certain situations as per institutional policy. For example, MSKCC policy is to not adjust the DLCO for hemoglobin when the hemoglobin is ≥ 14. 6 g/dL for males and ≥ 13. 4 g/dL for females. In these cases, the unadjusted DLCO must be >60% predicted.

- Laboratory criteria for protocol entry (obtained ≤ 14 days before initiation of

therapy):

- WBC ≥ 3000/UL and Platelet count ≥ 100,000/UL

- Serum creatinine ≤ 1. 5 mg/dL or estimated GFR (by Cockcroft-Gault) ≥50mL/min or 12 or

24 hour urine creatinine clearance ≥ 50 mL/min, unless renal insufficiency is due to tumoral ureteral obstruction in which case eligibility will be determined by national the principal investigator (or national co-PI or MSKCC co-PI if the national PI is unavailable) with notification of the MSKCC IRB.

- AST/ALT ≤ 3 x ULN and total bilirubin ≤ 2. 0 x ULN. In the setting of metastatic

disease to the liver, AST/ALT may be ≤5x ULN and total bilirubin ≤2. 5 x ULN. If a patient is known or suspected to have Gilbert's disease, total bilirubin up to ≤2. 5 x ULN is allowed. Exclusion Criteria:

- Any prior chemotherapy. The only exception will be patients with a history of stage I

seminoma treated with adjuvant carboplatin for 1 or 2 cycles.

- Concurrent treatment with any cytotoxic therapy.

- Known concurrent malignancy (except for non-melanoma skin cancer).

- Patients known to be HIV positive and receiving HAART.

- Presence of an active infection. Patients with fever assessed to be "tumor fever" but

without active evidence of infection (e. g. blood cultures are negative) are eligible. In addition, patients who have an infection but without evidence of fever for 48 hours on antibiotics will be eligible.

- Inability to comply with the treatment protocol or to undergo prespecified follow-up

tests for safety or effectiveness.

- Pregnant patients are ineligible

Locations and Contacts

Darren Feldman, MD, Phone: 646-422-4491

University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90033, United States; Recruiting
James Hu, MD
James Hu, MD, Principal Investigator

Stanford University Medical Center, Stanford, California 94305-5408, United States; Not yet recruiting
Sandy Srinivas, MD
Sandy Srinivas, MD, Principal Investigator

University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, United States; Recruiting
Walter Stadler, MD
Walter Stadler, MD, Principal Investigator

Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, United States; Not yet recruiting
Brian Costello, MD
Brian Costello, MD, Principal Investigator

Memoral Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, Basking Ridge, New Jersey, United States; Recruiting
Darren Feldman, MD, Phone: 646-422-4333

Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center @ Suffolk, Commack, New York 11725, United States; Recruiting
Darren Feldman, MD, Phone: 646-422-4491

Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York 10065, United States; Recruiting
Darren Feldman, MD, Phone: 646-422-4491
Robert Motzer, MD, Phone: 646-422-4312
Darren Feldman, MD, Principal Investigator

Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center at Mercy Medical Center, Rockville Centre, New York 11570, United States; Recruiting
Darren Feldman, MD, Phone: 646-422-4491

Memoral Sloan Kettering Cancer Center@Phelps Memorial Hospital, Sleepy Hollow, New York, United States; Recruiting
Darren Felman, MD, Phone: 646-422-4491

Memorial Sloan Kettering West Harrison, West Harrison, New York 10604, United States; Recruiting
Darren Feldman, MD, Phone: 646-422-4491

University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27514, United States; Recruiting
Matthew I Milowsky, MD
Matthew Milowsky, MD, Principal Investigator

University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburg, Pennsylvania 15213, United States; Not yet recruiting
Leonard Appleman, MD
Leonard Appelman, MD, Principal Investigator

Additional Information

Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

Starting date: June 2013
Last updated: July 20, 2015

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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