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Can Alendronate Suppress Calcification and Improve Bone Density in Chronic Peritoneal Dialysis Patients?

Information source: National Taiwan University Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 20, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: End-Stage Renal Disease; Osteoporosis

Intervention: alendronate (Drug)

Phase: Phase 4

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: National Taiwan University Hospital

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Tze-Wah Kao, Master, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: National Taiwan University


Alendronate is a safe and effective drug for treating osteoporosis in post-menopausal women. However, its safety and efficacy in increasing bone mineral density in chronic peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients have not been investigated. Etidronate, another bisphosphonate, can suppress the extent of coronary artery calcification in chronic hemodialysis patients. The hypothesis of this study is that alendronate can increase bone mineral density and suppress aortic and coronary artery calcification in chronic peritoneal dialysis patients.

Clinical Details

Official title: Can Alendronate Suppress Aortic and Coronary Artery Calcification and Improve Bone Mineral Density in Chronic Peritoneal Dialysis Patients?

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome:

extent of aortic and coronary artery calcification with and without the use of alendronate

bone mineral density with and without the use of alendronate

Secondary outcome: serum levels of calcium, phosphorus and parathyroid hormone

Detailed description: Study Design The study is a prospective, randomized cross-over study. Fifty patients will be included. All participants are randomly allocated to either group 1 or group 2. Each group consists of 25 patients. Group 1 patients receive alendronate 70 mg once weekly in the first 24 weeks of the study, while group 2 patients receive the same dose of drug every week in the second 24 weeks. The extent of coronary artery and aortic calcification is evaluated by using multidetector spiral computed tomography, whereas bone mineral density is measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Both examinations are performed at week 0, 24 and 48 for each participant. Serum level of calcium should be kept within normal limits and serum level of phosphorus should be kept below 6 mg/dl. Administration of Alendronate One tablet of alendronate (70 mg per tablet) should be swallowed by each patient once every week with water at least 30 minutes before breakfast, beverage or medication of the day during the treatment period. Patients must not lie down for at least 30 minutes after taking the drug. Measurement of Coronary Artery and Aortic Calcification Multidetector spiral computerized tomography (CT) of the chest is performed at week 0, 24 and 48 for each participant to measure the extent of coronary and aortic calcification. Measurement of Bone Density Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry is performed at week 0, 24 and 48 for each participant to measure the density of bone. Demographic and Clinical Characteristics of Patients Patients characteristics such as age and sex are documented. Clinical parameters including body height, body weight, duration of dialysis, calcium concentration of dialysate, and medication under use are recorded. Blood pressure is measured at each clinical visit for 3 times after the patient has sit for at least 15 minutes. Collection of Laboratory Data Fasting serum levels of albumin, phosphorus, calcium, alkaline phosphatase (ALP), intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) and hemoglobin level of each patient are checked at study entry and once every month. Fasting serum levels of triglyceride, total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-chol), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-chol), and hypersensitive C-reactive protein (CRP) of each patient are checked at study entry and once every 3 months. Record of Adverse Effects of Alendronate Any adverse effect of alendronate is recorded every month at clinic visit. Compliance of Patients Compliance of the patients is monitored using telephone calls once every week during the treatment period with alendronate.


Minimum age: 20 Years. Maximum age: 80 Years. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria: 1. Have received maintenance PD for more than 3 months at National Taiwan University Hospital, 2. Have high CPP level (≧50), and 3. Have chest X-ray proven aortic calcification or coronary artery calcification proven before. Exclusion Criteria: Patients are excluded if they have any one of the following conditions: 1. Had been hospitalized in recent 3 months due to severe comorbid diseases, 2. Are hypersensitive to alendronate or any of its components, 3. Have esophageal diseases 4. Are not able to stand or sit upright for 30 minutes, 5. Have refractory hypocalcemia, or 6. Patients who are pregnant.

Locations and Contacts

Additional Information

Starting date: August 2005
Last updated: January 2, 2009

Page last updated: August 20, 2015

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