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Comparison Between Lorazepam, Clonazepam and Clonazepam + Fosphenytoin for the Treatment of Out-of-hospital Generalized Status Epilepticus

Information source: Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Status Epilepticus; Epilepsy

Intervention: Clonazepam (Drug); Fosphenytoin (Drug); Placebo (Drug); Lorazepam (Drug)

Phase: Phase 3

Status: Recruiting

Sponsored by: Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Papa GUEYE, MD, PhD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Assistance Publique - HĂ´pitaux de Paris
François CONCINA, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: CHU Toulouse - Hôpital Purpan

Overall contact:
Papa GUEYE, MD, Phone: 33 1 49 95 61 61, Email: papa.gueye@lrb.aphp.fr


The main purpose of this study is to know on one hand if lorazepam is more (effective) than clonazepam and on the other hand if lorazepam is also effective as the association clonazepam + fosphenytoin in out-of-hospital treatment of the generalized convulsive status epilepticus in adult patients.

Clinical Details

Official title: Comparison Between Lorazepam, Clonazepam and Clonazepam + Fosphenytoin for the Treatment of Out-of-hospital Generalized Status Epilepticus in Adults Patients

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Percentage of patient with a cessation of seizures and absence of recurrence

Secondary outcome:

Duration between the first cessation and the recurrence of seizures

Percentage of patients having had a second injection of benzodiazepine

Percentage of patients having had an injection of the second line treatment

Percentage of patients having a general anesthesia for refractory status epilepticus

Percentage of patients having had a side effect

Percentage of patients having been mechanically ventilated

Glasgow Coma Scale



Length of stay in Intensive Care Unit

Length of stay in hospital

Detailed description: Background: Early and rapid termination of status epilepticus with intravenous administration of benzodiazepines only or its association with other antiepileptic drug improves outcomes. Our out-of-hospital study aims to demonstrate on one hand the superiority of lorazepam compared with clonazepam and on the other hand the efficacy at least equivalent of lorazepam in comparison with the association clonazepam + fosphenytoin. If these hypotheses are demonstrated, the out-of-hospital treatment of the status epilepticus by lorazepam in monotherapy would then be strongly recommended, considering its efficacy and the simplicity of administration in the context of the pre-hospital emergency. Objective: To compare the efficacy of Lorazepam with that of Clonazepam and its association with Fosphenytoin for the treatment of out-of-hospital status epilepticus. Participating centers: 38 prehospital emergency services employing mobile intensive care units and located in urban areas in France participated in this study. In France, the management of out-of-hospital medical emergencies is under the responsibility of the Service d'Aide Medicale Urgente (SAMU). Mobile intensive care units are staffed by an attending emergency physician or anesthesiologist, a nurse, and an ambulance driver. The study is coordinated by the prehospital emergency service of Lariboisiere Hospital, University Paris 7 (Paris, France) Number of patients: 522 patients; 174 patients by group. Duration of the study: The total duration planned is of 24 months Intermediate analysis: An intermediate analysis is planned while 261 patients will be included (50 % of the inclusions).Duration of participation of every patient: 24 hours Data collection: prehospital data recording during the 60 min period of the study, and intrahospital data recording by the medical report of hospitalization. Methodology: Multicenter, randomized, double-blind trial with 3 arms. Main criteria of evaluation: the cessation of the status epilepticus and the absence of recurrence from T20 minutes until T60 minutes after the beginning of the treatment. The cessation of the status epilepticus is defined by the stop of any motor activity and any seizures or convulsive movements. The absence of recurrence is defined by the not occurrence of a new seizures after a period of cessation.


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

- Patients aged 18 years or older

- Out-of-hospital management

- presenting one of the criteria below noticed by the physician of the mobile intensive

care unit: 1. convulsive seizures at the time of treatment and were reported by reliable witnesses to have been continuously convulsing for longer than 5 minutes, without regaining consciousness, or 2. if they were having more than 2 repeated convulsive seizures at the time of treatment without regaining consciousness Exclusion Criteria:

- Patient having been already included in the study during a previous episode of status


- Patient having already received before the arrival of the mobile intensive care unit

one of theses studied drugs (lorazepam, clonazepam or fosphenytoin or phenytoin)

- Latent status epilepticus in deep coma

- Cerebral anoxia (post cardio respiratory arrest)

- Severe head trauma

- Patient presenting convulsive seizures of psychogenic origin

- Lennox Gastaut's syndrome

- Decision of urgent intubation

- Patients of more than 110 kg ( estimated weight

- Heart rate < 60 bpm or > 150 bpm

- Systolic Blood Pressure < 90 mmHg

- Atrioventricular block of 2nd or 3rd degree

- Ventricular tachycardia or ventricular fibrillation

- Sensibility known about benzodiazepines, fosphenytoin, phenytoin, other hydantoins,

or barbiturate

- Contraindication known about benzodiazepines (severe respiratory failure, severe

acute hepatic failure, myasthenia, syndrome of sleep apnea, glaucoma with closed angle

- Contraindication known about fosphenytoin (intermittent acute porphyry)

- Contraindication known about barbiturate (porphyry, severe respiratory failure,

current treatment by saquinavir, ifosfamide and voriconazole, in association with millepertuis)

- Person unaffiliated in a National Social Security Insurance

- Pregnant or breast-feeding Woman

- Impossibility to put an intravenous or intra-osseous catheter for the treatment


- Absence of nurse in the mobile intensive care unit.

Locations and Contacts

Papa GUEYE, MD, Phone: 33 1 49 95 61 61, Email: papa.gueye@lrb.aphp.fr

Département d'Anesthésie - Réanimation - SMUR - Hôpital Lariboisière, Paris 75010, France; Recruiting
Papa GUEYE, MD, PhD, Phone: 33 1 49 95 61 61, Email: papa.gueye@lrb.aphp.fr
Papa GUEYE, MD, PhD, Principal Investigator
Additional Information

Starting date: June 2013
Last updated: July 26, 2013

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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