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Total Parenteral Nutrition Associated Cholestasis (TPNAC) and Plasma Amino Acid Levels in Neonates

Information source: Coordinación de Investigación en Salud, Mexico
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Premature Birth

Intervention: Primene and Trophamine are added in TPN (Other)

Phase: Phase 3

Status: Enrolling by invitation

Sponsored by: Coordinación de Investigación en Salud, Mexico

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Maria de Lourdes Barbosa-Cortés, MSc, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social

Summary

The purpose of this study is to analyze if the infants who received Primene solution, have lower serum levels of methionine and cysteine and higher serum levels of taurine, we also analyze if the infants who received Primene solution develop TPN-associated cholestasis in a smaller proportion than those who received Trophamine solution.

Clinical Details

Official title: Effect of Two Amino Acid Solutions on Blood Amino Acid Levels and Frequency of Cholestasis in Neonates

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Prevention

Primary outcome: Blood Amino Acid levels and Frequency of Cholestasis in Neonates

Detailed description: Total parenteral nutrition is an essential component of the care of premature and ill infants. Prolonged parenteral nutrition is associated with complications affecting the hepatobiliary system, such as cholelithiasis, cholestasis, and steatosis. The most common of these is total parenteral nutrition-associated cholestasis (TPNAC), that occurs because of reduced bile flow from the liver into the duodenum. Cholestasis causes liver damage and in some cases, death. Infant and neonate are at particular risk for this complication. The incidence of TPNAC ranges from 7. 4 to 84%. Animal studies have implicated amino acids in the production of cholestasis; whereas studies in human neonates suggest a direct effect of amino acid infusions on the hepatocyte canalicular membrane. An appropriate amino acid solution might compensate for the metabolic immaturity of infants and perhaps reduce total parenteral nutrition associated complications such as cholestasis. Therefore, is important to compare the frequency of cholestasis and blood amino acid concentration during Primene and Trophamine use.

Eligibility

Minimum age: N/A. Maximum age: 28 Days. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- Newborns greater than 1500 g who enter the Intensive Care Unit and their pathology

requiring total parenteral nutritional support (necrotizing enterocolitis, intestinal atresia, short bowel syndrome).

- Gestational age greater than 30 weeks

- Patients with normal liver function tests for their age, prior to the initiation of

total parenteral nutrition.

- Authorization from both parents or legal guardian for recruiting of the child into

the study with consent signed form after the purpose and procedures have been explained Exclusion Criteria:

- Patients with acute renal failure

- Congenital liver disease, end-stage liver disease

- Patients with liver damage secondary to viral or bacterial infection

- Patients with liver damage secondary to drugs

Locations and Contacts

Intensive Care Unit and Nutrition Parenteral Department, Pediatric Hospital , Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Mexico, Distrito Federal 06720, Mexico
Additional Information

Starting date: February 2011
Last updated: March 11, 2015

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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