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Harmonized AS/MQ Efficacy Study - Thailand

Information source: Armed Forces Research Institute of Medical Sciences, Thailand
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Malaria

Intervention: Artesunate/mefloquine (AS/MQ) (Drug)

Phase: Phase 4

Status: Recruiting

Sponsored by: Armed Forces Research Institute of Medical Sciences, Thailand

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Krisada Jongsakul, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Armed Forces Research Institute of Medical Sciences, Thailand


The purposes of this study is to determine parasitological clearance rates by microscopy for the 72-hour period after first artesunate dose in subjects with uncomplicated P. falciparum malaria.

Clinical Details

Official title: Study to Determine the Efficacy of Artesunate-mefloquine Combination Therapy for the Treatment of Uncomplicated P. Falciparum Malaria in Thailand

Study design: Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Parasite clearance rate

Secondary outcome: Number of patients with prolonged parasite clearance times, adequate drug levels and positive molecular markers of parasite resistance.

Detailed description: Project Summary Objectives Primary Objective 1. To determine parasitological clearance rates by microscopy for the 72-hour period after first artesunate dose in subjects with uncomplicated P. falciparum malaria Secondary Objectives 2. 1. To describe clinical and parasitological outcomes for subjects with uncomplicated P. falciparum malaria treated with AS-MQ administered sequentially. 2. 2. To measure the gametocyte carriage rate in subjects with uncomplicated malaria before and after treatment. 2. 3. To monitor drug levels associated with artesunate-mefloquine treatment failure. 2. 4. To determine in vitro drug sensitivity profiles for fresh parasites from malaria-infected subjects prior to artesunate-mefloquine treatment and at the time of parasite recurrence. 2. 5. To identify specific genetic determinants of artemisinin resistance derived from parasite populations. 2. 6. To correlate clinical outcomes from the in vivo study with in vitro antimalarial drug sensitivity responses and molecular genotyping. 2. 7. To compare P. falciparum malaria artemisinin resistance genotypes at three sites in three continents, using clinical and parasitological outcomes, in vitro drug sensitivity profiles, and molecular markers generated using harmonized methodologies. 2. 8. To determine the contribution of host immunity to parasitological and clinical outcomes. 2. 9. To create a catalog of parasite samples closely correlated to clinical datasets to longitudinally track resistance trends. Subject Population Subjects aged 5-65 years, who meet study entry criteria will be drawn from the local community. Study Site The study will be based at the Kwai River Christian Hospital (KRCH) in Sangklaburi District, Kanchanaburi Province, Thailand, which is located about 360km northwest of Bangkok near the Thailand-Myanmar border. Additional sites in Thailand, including in Sai Yok District, Kanchanaburi Province, may be added if enrolment at Sangklaburi is insufficient. Number of Subjects Up to 100 subjects will be enrolled to ensure a minimum of 59 subjects complete all study activities. This will allow for 40% subjects dropping out or being otherwise unevaluable. Up to 200 subjects may be screened to achieve the required number of evaluable subjects. A subject is considered evaluable at 72 hours from the commencement of artesunate treatment or once asexual parasites have been cleared from peripheral blood based on microscopy, whichever is longer. Treatment The antimalarial drug regimen being evaluated is: artesunate (AS) 4mg/kg by mouth once daily at 0, 24 and 48 hours; plus mefloquine (MQ) 15mg/kg by mouth once at 72 hours, and 10mg/kg once by mouth at 84-96 hours; plus primaquine (PQ) 0. 5mg/kg single dose by mouth at 84-96 hours. Study Design and Methodology This is an open-label, single-arm evaluation of AS-MQ combination for the treatment of uncomplicated P. falciparum malaria. Subjects will remain as in-patients until completion of antimalarial treatment and will then be followed up weekly to 42 days. Study Endpoints Primary Endpoint 1. Parasite clearance rate as defined by the slope of the linear portion of the logarithm parasite clearance curve using microscopy to determine parasitemia Secondary Endpoints 2. 1. A description of the clinical and parasitological features of uncomplicated malaria in this setting (composite endpoint), including:

- Parasite clearance rate during the first 72 hours after artesunate administration as

defined by the slope of the linear portion of the logarithm parasite clearance curve using qPCR to determine parasitemia

- Parasite reduction ratios at 24 and 48 hours assessed by microscopy and qPCR

- Time for parasite count to fall to 50%, 90%, 99% and 100% of initial parasite density

- Fever clearance time (i. e. the time taken for temperature to fall below 38. 0˚C

(tympanic method) or below 37. 5˚C (axillary method) and remain there for at least 24 hours)

- 42-day PCR-adjusted treatment efficacy using World Health Organization classification

of outcome. 2. 2. Gametocyte carriage rates assessed in person weeks (up to 42 days) 2. 3. Plasma levels of AS, DHA and MQ at selected time points 2. 4. In vitro IC50, IC90, IC99 P. falciparum responses to a panel of antimalarial drugs, including dihydroartemisinin (DHA) and mefloquine. 2. 5. Parasite molecular markers of drug resistance as determined by GWAS, SNP analysis and other genotyping methodologies 2. 6. A detailed characterization of drug-resistant malaria using integrated endpoints above, including clinical, in vitro and molecular 2. 7. Comparison of clinical and parasitological outcomes and in vitro and molecular features of parasites between harmonized sites in Kenya and Peru. 2. 8. Identification of host factors that correlate with slow parasite clearance and other clinical outcomes 2. 9. Creation of a well-characterised catalog of malaria parasites for future research


Minimum age: 5 Years. Maximum age: 65 Years. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

- Thai or non-Thai, otherwise healthy, male or female, aged from 5 years to 65 years


- Acute uncomplicated P. falciparum malaria monoinfection, confirmed by positive blood


- Asexual P. falciparum parasitaemia of 1,000 to 200,000 parasites/µL, confirmed on a

thin or thick blood film

- Fever defined as ≥ 38. 0°C tympanic temperature (or equivalent) or a history of fever

within the last 24 hours

- Willingness to participate in the study as evidenced by written informed consent from

the subject or parent/guardian (for children), and by assent (for children) Exclusion criteria:

- Severe malaria as defined by WHO criteria (reference WHO 2012)

- Inability to eat or drink, inability to tolerate oral antimalarial medication, recent

history of seizures (one or more in the previous 24 hours), altered level of consciousness, inability to sit or stand

- Mixed species asexual stage malaria infection as determined by microscopy

- Recent antimalarial treatment, defined as a clear history of any antimalarial

medication taken within the previous 7 days; or a clear history of mefloquine within previous 4 weeks

- History of splenectomy

- Pregnancy or nursing mother

- Known hypersensitivity to artesunate, mefloquine or primaquine

- PI determines that it is in the best interests of the subject not to participate in

the trial

Locations and Contacts

Kwai River Christian Hospital in Sangklaburi, Amphoe Sangkhlaburi, Kanchanaburi 71240, Thailand; Recruiting
Scott Murray, MD, Phone: 6634688001, Email: scott@kwairiver.org
Krisada Jongsakul, MD, Principal Investigator
Additional Information

Starting date: October 2013
Last updated: April 17, 2015

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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