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A Randomized Control Trial Comparing Quetiapine to Risperidone in Bipolar Disorder With Stimulant Dependence

Information source: University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Bipolar Disorder; Cocaine Dependence; Methamphetamine Dependence

Intervention: quetiapine, risperidone (Drug)

Phase: N/A

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Vicki A. Nejtek, Ph.D., Principal Investigator, Affiliation: University of North Texas Health Science Center

Summary

The purpose of this study is to determine whether quetiapine or risperidone are effective in treating mood symptoms, drug cravings and use in bipolar disorder with concurrent cocaine or methamphetamine dependence.

Clinical Details

Official title: A Randomized Control Trial Comparing Quetiapine to Risperidone in Bipolar Disorder Outpatients With Current Stimulant Dependence

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome:

Mood symptom improvement.

Cocaine or methamphetamine cravings and use.

Secondary outcome: Body Mass Index

Detailed description: Bipolar disorder may be associated with the highest rates of substance abuse of any psychiatric illness. Studies suggest that substance abuse in persons with bipolar disorder have lifetime prevalence rates as high as 60% with reports of cocaine abuse as high as 30%. Comorbid substance abuse in persons with bipolar disorder is associated with increased hospitalization, poorer psychiatric recovery and treatment response than in patients with bipolar disorder alone. Thus, therapeutic agents that may enhance prognosis by improving psychiatric outcomes, reducing stimulant cravings, and increasing treatment retention are of considerable interest. In a previous study conducted in this lab, we found that conventional neuroleptic agents were associated with an increase in depressive symptoms and a significant increase in stimulant cravings. These results mirror preclinical animal data that show conventional neuroleptics (i. e.haloperidol) with high dopamine receptor binding affinities actually increase cocaine self-administration in rats and monkeys. These results are clinically relevant as persons with bipolar disorder who abuse cocaine and other drugs often receive higher doses of conventional neuroleptics than those without cocaine or other drug abuse. In contrast to conventional neuroleptic therapy, atypical antipsychotics (i. e. quetiapine, risperidone), decrease self-administration of cocaine. The receptor binding profile of the atypical antipsychotics broadly vary although all agents in this drug class are known as serotonin-dopamine antagonists. Quetiapine has 'moderate' dopamine binding, while risperidone has 'high' dopamine receptor binding properties similar to conventional neuroleptic agents. Thus, our hypothesis is that quetiapine may be a more efficacious agent than risperidone in treating bipolar mood symptoms while attenuating drug cravings and use.

Eligibility

Minimum age: 20 Years. Maximum age: 50 Years. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion criteria: 1. English-speaking men and women (20-50 years old) of all ethnic origins 2. Outpatients with a current DSM-IV diagnosis of bipolar I with or without psychotic features or bipolar II disorder 3. Current cocaine or methamphetamine dependence 4. Currently experiencing hypomanic, manic, or mixed state episodes with a Young Mania Rating Scale23 (YMRS11) score of > 9 5. Currently craving stimulants with a craving score of > 20 on the 10-item, self-reported Stimulant Craving Questionnaire24 (SCQ10) 6. A high school diploma, GED, or Shipley IQ test score of >85. Exclusion criteria: 1. Inpatients or anyone with a high risk for suicide (i. e., active suicidal ideation with a proposed plan, history of any suicide attempt within the last 6 months) 2. DSM-IV diagnosis of substance-induced mood disorder 3. Pregnant or breast-feeding 4. History of special education, mental retardation, dementia 5. HIV/AIDS, reactive hepatitis, hepatic cirrhosis or any active liver disease, personal or familial history of diabetes, personal history of heart disease (i. e., congenital heart abnormalities, congestive heart failure, chronic atrial fibrillation, rheumatic heart disease, heart attack) 6. Central nervous system diseases (e. g., multiple sclerosis, severe head trauma, or seizures) 7. Contraindications or allergic reactions to study medications 8. Currently participating in any other research program 9. Urine positive for glucose or ketones 10. Currently receiving any antipsychotic medications or more than two psychotropic medications 11. Currently receiving benzodiazepines, sedatives or stimulants 12. Any other current substance dependence 13. Cataracts or glaucoma 14. EKG evidence of QT prolongation.

Locations and Contacts

University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, Dallas, Texas 75390, United States

Universty of North Texas Health Science Center, Fort Worth, Texas 76107, United States

Additional Information

Starting date: October 2002
Last updated: January 3, 2008

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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