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Impact of Imipenem With Amikacin Pharmacokinetic and Pharmacodynamic

Information source: Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris
Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on December 08, 2011
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Ventilator Associated Pneumonia

Intervention: Imipenem/Amikacin (Drug)

Phase: N/A

Status: Recruiting

Sponsored by: Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Olivier PAJOT, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: HOPITAL ARGENTEUIL

Summary

The study is a prospective open trial conducted in 4 centers, and designed to determine if pharmacokinetic (PK) and pharmacodynamic (PD) parameters of imipenem, associated with amikacin as empirical therapy, impact microbiological and clinical outcome of patients with Gram negative bacilli (GNB) ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP).

Clinical Details

Official title: Impact of Imipenem With Amikacin Pharmacokinetic and Pharmacodynamic

Study design: Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics/Dynamics Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Variation of numeration (cfu per ml) of GNB, for whom culture of pulmonary samples are positive (higher than defined thresholds), between the quantitative endotracheal aspiration (QAE) obtained at H0 (initiation of treatment) and QAE obtained at H48

Secondary outcome:

To describe imipenem and amikacin PK parameters as empirical therapy in ICU patients treated for VAP

To describe imipenem and amikacin PD parameters as empirical therapy in ICU patients treated for VAP

To determine the proportion of patients for whom the pharmacodynamic targets suggested in the literature for aminoglycosides and beta lactams are achieved

To identify sources of variability of imipenem and amikacin PK/PD parameters in ICU patients with VAP

To assess the impact of imipenem and amikacin PK/PD parameters on GNB eradication at day 3

To assess the impact of imipenem and amikacin PK/PD parameters variability on the CPIS, clinical score of VAP, measured 48 hours after initiation of the treatment

To assess the impact of imipenem and amikacin PK/PD parameters on the time necessary to observe a CPIS lower or equal to 6

To assess the impact of imipenem and amikacin PK/PD parameters on clinical evolution of the VAP after 7 days of antibiotic treatment

To assess the impact of imipenem and amikacin PK/PD parameters on serum procalcitonin levels evolution between the initiation of the treatment and 48 hours after the initiation of the treatment of the VAP

To assess the impact of imipenem and amikacin PK/PD parameters on mortality at day 28 (Day 28) 11- to assess the impact of imipenem and amikacin PK/PD parameters on VAP relapse

To study emergence of less sensitive bacteria to imipenem and/or amikacin, 48 hours after the initiation of the antibiotic treatment, among GNB isolated in endotracheal aspiration before initiation of this treatment

To study emergence in the tracheal and digestive flora of micro-organisms resistant to imipenem after the first 48 hours of treatment by imipenem

Detailed description: Inappropriate initial antibiotherapy increases mortality of many serious infections. This is the case for ventilator-associated pneumonia, frequently occurring during intensive care unit (ICU) hospitalization, and whose 48 first hours of treatment are decisive.

It is well established that pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic parameters of antibiotics are correlated with their clinical and microbiological effectiveness. However in ICU patients, pharmacokinetic parameters of antibiotics suffer great variations, and bacteria responsible for these infections are usually less sensitive to antibiotics, especially Gram negative bacilli (GNB). An important pharmacodynamic variability may occur at the initial phase of the antibiotic treatment, decisive for the infection's outcome.

We propose to evaluate the correlation between pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic profile of the empirical antibiotic therapy and the microbiological and clinical outcome of VAP.

Eligibility

Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

1. Age ≥ 18 years

2. Mechanical ventilation for more than 48 hours

3. Clinical suspicion of VAP defined by a new persistent radiological infiltrate and one of the following signs: purulent tracheal aspirations, or temperature of 38°3 or higher, or leucocyte count > 10000/ml

4. Risk of multi resistant bacteria defined as follows: at least 6 days of mechanical ventilation or antibiotic treatment in the 15 previous days

5. Distal pulmonary secretion sample obtained beforehand for microbiological diagnosis by bronchoalveolar lavage via bronchoscopy or blinded protected telescoping catheter via bronchoscopy or blindly

6. Presence of GNB on direct examination of the distal pulmonary secretion sample

7. Realization of a preliminary medical examination. 8- Written inform consent from the patient or relatives. The consent may be obtained after the enrollment if the patient is not able to give consent and if there is no relatives

Exclusion Criteria:

1. Time between distal pulmonary secretion sample taking and the 1st administration of imipenem exceeding 24 hours

2. Pregnancy

3. Severely impaired renal function (creatinine clearance lower than 10 mL/mn or renal replacement therapy)

4. Allergy to imipenem or amikacin

5. Treatment in progress with imipenem or amikacin

6. Death expected within 48 hours following diagnosis of VAP

7. Myasthenia

8. Simultaneous administration of others aminoglycosides

9. Association with intravenous polymyxin or botulinum toxin

Locations and Contacts

Victor Dupouy Hospital, Argenteuil 95100, France; Recruiting
Olivier Pajot, MD, Phone: +33134232451, Email: olivier.pajot@ch-argenteuil.fr
Michel Wolff, Phone: +33140258823, Email: michel.wolff@bch.aphp.fr
Olivier Pajot, MD, Principal Investigator
Additional Information

Starting date: June 2009
Last updated: December 7, 2011

Page last updated: December 08, 2011

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