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Electroencephalography (EEG) Biomarkers of Response in Depression

Information source: University of California, Los Angeles
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Major Depressive Disorder

Intervention: venlafaxine (Effexor) (Drug); placebo (Drug)

Phase: Phase 4

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: University of California, Los Angeles

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Ian A Cook, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Professor


There are two specific aims of this project: 1. To identify physiologic indicators of venlafaxine treatment response using quantitative EEG (QEEG) cordance, and to determine if cordance changes are specifically associated with response to venlafaxine 2. To identify predictors of placebo response in major depression using QEEG cordance/bispectral index (BIS) and neuropsychological testing

Clinical Details

Official title: EEG Biomarkers of Response in Depression

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Detailed description: Our previous work indicates that a combination of neurophysiologic, symptom, and cognitive measures may predict response more accurately than brain functional measures alone. The purpose of this study is to replicate results from our earlier work using a similar study design (96-06-291-11), and also to prospectively gather additional information to substantiate that a more comprehensive approach to subject assessment will yield more accurate and reproducible prediction of treatment response. One of the major challenges involved in clinical trials for major depressive disorder (MDD)

is that of placebo response. The placebo response rate has been estimated at 20 - 50% of

those subjects who enter a standard clinical trial for MDD. This high rate of response to placebo, which may not differ substantially from the response rate to medication, can make it difficult to demonstrate the efficacy of new antidepressant compounds. Identification of MDD subjects with a placebo responder (PR) phenotype, either at the beginning or end of a clinical trial, could have two major potential benefits. First, identification of placebo responders prior to enrollment in a clinical trial might make it possible to have restrictive entry criteria, excluding such subjects from the trial. Segregation of PR phenotype subjects a priori could reduce variance in the outcome data and increase the drug-placebo difference. This exclusion could reduce the number of subjects required for clinical trials and render the trials more efficient. Second, identification of a PR phenotype during a clinical trial could make it possible to distinguish "true medication" from placebo response. This distinction could make it possible to identify subgroups in the trial, enhancing precision in the study of medication effects. Our research group has performed a series of placebo-controlled treatment trials in MDD and has used a combination of behavioral ratings, self-report, and neurophysiologic measurements with quantitative electroencephalography (QEEG) to identify predictors of both placebo response and medication response. The preliminary results from previous studies suggest that a combination of neurophysiologic, symptom, and cognitive measures may be useful for pretreatment prediction and/or early treatment detection of different types of treatment response. In this study our primary goal is to assess the neurophysiologic, behavioral, and cognitive assessments of subjects with MDD in the setting of a clinical trial to replicate prospectively these initial results and more completely identify the characteristics of different types of treatment response in a clinical trial.


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 65 Years. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

- All subjects will meet DSM-IV criteria for depression on the basis of a SCID-P

interview, with subjects having a score on the 17-item Ham-D > 17 (with item #1 > 2).

- Subjects will meet criteria both at recruitment and after a one-week single blind

placebo wash-in. Study includes outpatients only. Exclusion Criteria:

- All subjects will have no serious medical illness. The investigators will exclude

patients also meeting criteria for the following groups of axis I diagnoses:

- delirium or dementia

- substance-related disorders

- schizophrenia or other psychotic disorders, or eating disorders.

- In addition, patients meeting criteria for cluster A or B axis II diagnoses will be


- Subjects with a history of current or past active suicidal ideation, or suicide

attempts will be excluded from the study.

Locations and Contacts

UCLA Laboratory of Brain, Behavior, and Pharmacology, Los Angeles, California 90024, United States
Additional Information

Starting date: November 2002
Last updated: September 23, 2008

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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