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Clevidipine for Vasospasm After Subarachnoid Hemorrhage (SAH)

Information source: Henry Ford Health System
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 20, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Subarachnoid Hemorrhage; Cerebral Aneurysm; Vasospasm, Intracranial

Intervention: clevidipine (Drug)

Phase: Phase 2

Status: Not yet recruiting

Sponsored by: Henry Ford Health System

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Panayiots Varelas, MD, PhD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Henry Ford Health System
Tamer Abdelhak, MD, Study Director, Affiliation: Henry Ford Health System
Mohammed Rehman, DO, Study Director, Affiliation: Henry Ford Health System

Overall contact:
Panayiotis Varelas, MD, PhD, Phone: 3139163528


Vasospasm occurs frequently after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage and can lead to strokes. The investigators will investigate if infusion of a novel drug, clevidipine, will decrease vasospasm during the infusion and post infusion period using transcranial doppler monitoring of patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage and moderate severity vasospasm

Clinical Details

Official title: Clevidipine for Vasospasm After Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

Study design: Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Efficacy: Change of cerebral blood flow velocities during infusion of clevidipine compared to baseline pre-infusion by >10% at 15 min after start of infusion and/or at 1, 2,3 and 4 hours (during the infusion).

Secondary outcome:

Safety and Tolerability: Intracranial pressure (ICP) change during infusion compared to pre-infusion

Safety and tolerability: pressor requirement to counteract a 10% or more drop of mean arterial pressure (MAP) during the infusion period

Detailed description: Cerebral vasospasm after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality days after securing the aneurysm due to development of cerebral ischemia and strokes. Vasospasm is detected by measuring the blood flow velocities in the cerebral circulation via daily Transcranial Dopplers (TCD). There is no effective treatment except for a per os calcium channel blocker (nimodipine) and for keeping the patient hypertensive and with euvolemia or hypervolemia. A recently proposed option is to dilate the cerebral vessels by infusing continuously another vasodilatory calcium channel blocker, nicardipine, and supporting the systemic blood pressure (BP) with vasopressors which do not constrict the cerebral vasculature at the same time. Nicardipine has also been used extensively intra-arterially as a bolus or infusion to dilate the vasospastic cerebral vessels as a rescue therapy for severe vasospasm. Clevidipine is a novel, short-acting calcium channel blocker, which in a small series of patients with SAH at Henry Ford Hospital, was able to control the elevated BP very efficiently and within a narrow window, without adverse events. It has never been used before for ameliorating vasospasm, but theoretically offers advantages compared to nicardipine due to its shorter half-life and easier titratability. Except for use of clevidipine for BP control in the investigators previous study, there are no data on clevidipine use after SAH and no data about effect of the drug on vasospasm. In this single-center, open-label, uncontrolled, pilot clinical study, the investigators hypothesize that clevidipine low-rate infusion will decrease sonographically-detected moderate cerebral vasospasm after aneurysmal SAH. The dose of the drug in this exploratory study is 2. 5 to 5 times lower than the dose used previously to control BP. The effect of the drug will be evaluated in 20 patients by TCD monitoring during 3 periods: 1-hour pre-infusion, 4-hour infusion and 4-hour post infusion. The cerebral blood flow velocities, which are a surrogate marker of vasospasm, will be compared between the 3 periods. The primary efficacy end-point will be the percentage of measurements with at least a 10% or more decrease of the velocities during the infusion period. Potential long-term effects after discontinuation of the drug will be also evaluated in the post-infusion 4-hour period and beyond, until the last follow up. The major safety issue is hypotension induced by the drug during a period when vasospasm is present. For that reason, two measures will be taken. First, only patients with moderate vasospasm will be evaluated. Second, vasopressors will be used as needed during the infusion period to counteract the systemic circulatory effect of the drug and maintain a stable systemic Mean Arterial Pressure (MAP) within 10% range compared to pre-infusion. Potential effect of cerebral vasodilation on intracranial pressure (ICP) will be also evaluated during the infusion and post-infusion periods and any elevation > 10 mm Hg will be reported.


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 80 Years. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

- Age 18-80 years

- Diagnosis of SAH (as diagnosed per history, neuroimaging or lumbar puncture)

- Presence of a secured aneurysm via clipping or coiling

- Hunt and Hess grade < 5 (non-sedated or paralyzed patients)

- Glasgow Coma scale > 4 (non-sedated or paralyzed patients)

- MAP goal set by the treating physicians

- Temporal insonation window presence on TCD

- Moderate supratentorial vasospasm as per daily TCD (CBFV between 130-180 cm/sec or

Lindergaard index 3-5 for the Middle Cerebral artery or Internal Cerebral artery or Anterior Cerebral artery) Exclusion Criteria:

- Very young or very old patients (<18 or >80 years old)

- Traumatic SAH (no aneurysm identified after initial work-up) or Perimesencephalic

SAH is also excluded

- Hunt and Hess grade 5 (deeply comatose or brain dead patients)

- Glasgow Coma scale 3 or 4 (brain dead or deeply comatose patients)

- Patients with mild or severe supratentorial vasospasm (CBFV < 120 cm/sec or

Lindergaard index < 3 or > 200 cm/sec or Lindergaard index > 6, respectively, for the Middle Cerebral artery or Internal Cerebral artery or Anterior Cerebral artery)

- Patients with vasospasm only in the posterior circulation (CBFV > 80 cm/sec for

Vertebral or Basilar artery)

- Patients with severe tachycardia (heart rate > 110)

- Patients with preexisting left bundle branch block or permanent ventricular pacemaker

- Patients with known allergy to dihydropyridines including clevidipine or allergic to

soybeans, soy products, eggs, or egg products

- Patients with defective lipid metabolism such as pathologic hyperlipemia or lipoid


- Patients with acute pancreatitis, if it is accompanied by hyperlipidemia

- Patients with severe aortic stenosis

- Pregnant patients

Locations and Contacts

Panayiotis Varelas, MD, PhD, Phone: 3139163528

Henry Ford hospital, Detroit, Michigan 48202, United States; Not yet recruiting
Panayiotis Varelas, MD, PhD, Principal Investigator
Additional Information

Clevidipine information

Related publications:

Varelas PN, Abdelhak T, Corry JJ, James E, Rehman MF, Schultz L, Mays-Wilson K, Mitsias P. Clevidipine for acute hypertension in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage: a pilot study. Int J Neurosci. 2014 Mar;124(3):192-8. doi: 10.3109/00207454.2013.836703. Epub 2013 Sep 24.

Espina IM, Varon J. Clevidipine : a state-of-the-art antihypertensive drug under the scope. Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2012 Feb;13(3):387-93. doi: 10.1517/14656566.2012.651126. Epub 2012 Jan 18. Review.

Starting date: March 2014
Last updated: December 10, 2013

Page last updated: August 20, 2015

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