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Antimalarial Drug Susceptibility and Molecular Characterization of Plasmodium Vivax Isolates in Vietnam

Information source: Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Vietnam
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 20, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Plasmodium Vivax Malaria

Intervention: Chloroquine (Drug); Dihydroartemisinin/Piperaquine (Drug)

Phase: Phase 4

Status: Recruiting

Sponsored by: Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Vietnam

Overall contact:
Thuy Nha Ca Nguyen, MSc, Phone: +84839241983, Email: cantn@oucru.org


This is a study of drug effectiveness for 2 treatments of vivax malaria, which is one of the two main types of malaria in Viet Nam. There are two important drugs used in Viet Nam for treating vivax malaria, Chloroquine and Artemisinin. Sometimes, when medicines are used for many years they become less effective at treating a disease, especially when they are not used at adequate doses according to national guidelines or when counterfeit drugs are available in the market. The purpose of this study is to check that Chloroquine and Artemisinin, are still effective for patients in Viet Nam. Participants in this study will be treated with either Dihydroartemisinin-Piperaquine (DHA-PPQ) or Chloroquine (CQ) for 3 days. Both drugs are recommended by the national guidelines to treat vivax malaria. The investigators would like to know if both of these treatments are equally effective so half of the patients in the study will be treated with DHA-PPQ and the other half will be treated with CQ. This way the investigators can compare the drugs to find out if one is better than the other. Participants will be followed for 3 days in hospital, then regularly by follow-up visits until the 63rd day. Tests will be done to determine the amount of drug and malaria parasites in the participant's body and how the blood cells react to the malaria. The parasite will be tested to determine what type it is and how it reacts to the treatment. The results of the study will be used to inform malaria treatment guidelines in Viet Nam.

Clinical Details

Official title: A Randomised Controlled Trial to Assess the Antimalarial Drug Susceptibility and Molecular Characterization of Plasmodium Vivax Isolates in Vietnam

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Proportion of patients with adequate response to treatment

Secondary outcome:

Proportion of patients classified as Early Treatment Failures

The parasite clearance time

Fever clearance time

Frequency of adverse and serious adverse events

Proportion of patients classified as Late Clinical Failures

Proportion of patients classified as Late Parasitological Failures


Minimum age: 3 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

- Age > 3 years;

- Mono-infection with P. vivax, parasitemia > 250/µl asexual forms for in vivo and

>8000 asexual parasites/µl blood for in vitro testing;

- Presence of axillary or tympanic temperature ≥ 37. 5 °C or history of fever during the

past 24 h;

- Ability to swallow oral medication;

- Ability and willingness to comply with the study protocol for the duration of the

study and to comply with the study visit schedule;

- Informed consent/assent

Exclusion Criteria:

- Presence of general danger signs or severe malaria according to the definitions of

WHO (2000);

- Mixed infection with P. falciparum and P. vivax of other plasmodium species;

- Presence of febrile conditions due to diseases other than malaria (e. g. measles,

acute lower respiratory tract infection, severe diarrhoea with dehydration) or other known underlying chronic or severe diseases (e. g. cardiac, renal and hepatic diseases, HIV/AIDS);

- Regular medication, which may interfere with antimalarial pharmacokinetics;

- Received antimalarial drugs in the previous 48 hours;

- History of hypersensitivity reactions or contraindications to any of the medicine(s)

being tested or used as alternative treatment(s);

- Splenectomy;

- First trimester of pregnancy.

Locations and Contacts

Thuy Nha Ca Nguyen, MSc, Phone: +84839241983, Email: cantn@oucru.org

Bu Gia Map Health Station, Bu Gia Map, Binh Phuoc, Vietnam; Recruiting
Hoan Phu Nguyen, MD PhD
Additional Information

Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Viet Nam

Starting date: March 2013
Last updated: June 25, 2014

Page last updated: August 20, 2015

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