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Merozoite Surface Protein 1 Antibody Response in Asymptomatic Human Malaria Infection

Information source: Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (WRAIR)
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Malaria

Intervention: Mefloquine and Control Cohort (Other)

Phase: Phase 1

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (WRAIR)

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
James Moon, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (WRAIR)


The main purpose of this trial is to study whether a certain blood test can reliably identify the presence of malaria in people who have been infected with, but who do not have symptoms of malaria.

Clinical Details

Official title: Analysis of Anti-Plasmodium Falciparum Merozoite Surface Protein 1 Antigen Specific Antibodies in a Human Malaria Challenge Using Mefloquine Prophylaxis to Confirm Assay Sensitivity and Establish Key Antibody Kinetic Parameters

Study design: Allocation: Non-Randomized, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Diagnostic

Primary outcome: The number of subjects in each group who develop at least a four-fold increase in Anti-Plasmodium falciparum MSP-1 IgG antibody titer at any time point from baseline divided by the number infected

Secondary outcome: Specific levels and patterns of Anti-Pf MSP-1 IgG antibody response, both in individual subjects and means across the study population

Detailed description: In this study, two groups of volunteers will be exposed to malaria through the bites of infected mosquitoes. In one group, volunteers will be given several doses of a drug called mefloquine, known to prevent the development of malaria symptoms. The other group will not be treated with any drug that could prevent symptoms or infection. After exposure, both groups will be monitored for a period of approximately 6 months to see if they develop symptoms of malaria. Any subjects who do so will be treated with appropriate medications. Subjects in both groups will have their blood checked regularly during this period for the presence of a certain malaria antibody called Merozoite Surface Protein 1, or Anti-MSP-1 for short, using a special blood test (also known as an assay). At the completion of the study, the results of all assays will be analyzed to determine if this test can be used to diagnose malaria infection in persons without symptoms.


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 55 Years. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

- A male or non-pregnant, non-lactating female 18 to 55 years of age (inclusive) at the

time of screening

- Written informed consent obtained from the participant before screening procedures

- Free of clinically significant health problems as established by medical history and

clinical examination before entering into the study

- Available to participate for duration of study (approximately 6 months, not including

screening period)

- If the participant is female, she must be of non-childbearing potential, (i. e.,

either surgically sterilized or one year post-menopausal) or, if of childbearing potential, she must be abstinent or have used adequate contraceptive precautions (e. g., intrauterine contraceptive device; oral contraceptives; diaphragm or condom in combination with contraceptive jelly, cream or foam; Norplant® or Depo-Provera®) during this study, have a negative pregnancy test at the time of enrollment, and must agree to continue such precautions for at least two months after completion of the malaria challenge if part of the control cohort, or for three months after the final mefloquine dose is taken if part of the mefloquine cohort.

- Prior to entry into this study, participants must score at least 80% correct on a

short multiple-choice quiz that assesses their understanding of this study. If they do not score 80% on the initial quiz, the protocol information will be reviewed with them to ensure comprehension and they will have the opportunity to retest (using the same test). Participants who fail the Comprehension Assessment for the second time will not be enrolled. Exclusion Criteria:

- History of malaria

- Travel to a malarious country within the previous 12 months

- History of participation in a study in which potential exposure to malaria or

vaccination against malaria occurred.

- Planned travel to malarious areas during the study period

- History of malaria chemoprophylaxis within 60 days prior to time of study entry

- Recent (defined as any use within 30 days of study entry) or chronic use (defined as

more than 14 days of use within 60 days of study entry) of antibiotics with anti-malarial effects (e. g., tetracyclines for dermatologic patients, clindamycin for soft tissue and bone infections, sulfa for recurrent urinary tract infections, etc.)

- Administration of chronic (defined as more than 14 days) immunosuppressants or other

immune-modifying drugs within six months of study entry. (For corticosteroids, this will mean prednisone, or equivalent, greater than or equal to 0. 5 mg/kg/day. Inhaled and topical steroids are allowed.)

- Administration of immunoglobulins and/or any blood products within the three months

preceding study entry or planned administration during the study period

- Any confirmed or suspected immunosuppressive or immunodeficient condition, including

human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection

- Acute or chronic, clinically significant pulmonary, cardiovascular, hepatic or renal

functional abnormality, as determined by physical examination or laboratory screening tests

- Personal medical histories including the following diagnoses: systemic lupus

erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, mixed connective tissue disease, scleroderma, vasculitis, and multiple sclerosis

- Elevated serum creatinine, defined in this study as greater than or equal to 1. 7

mg/dL in males and 1. 4 mg/dL in females

- Elevated transaminases, defined in this study as greater than twice the upper limit

of the normal range (>2 ULN)

- Significant unexplained anemia: hematocrit < 35%

- History of sickle cell disease or sickle cell trait

- Seropositive for hepatitis B surface antigen or hepatitis C antibody

- Hepatomegaly, right upper quadrant abdominal pain or tenderness

- History of splenectomy

- Pregnant or lactating female, or female who intends to become pregnant during the


- Chronic or active neurologic disorders including seizures, excluding a single febrile

seizure as a child

- History of a neuropsychiatric disorder (anxiety, depression, psychosis,

schizophrenia, PTSD, etc.)

- Suspected or known current alcohol abuse as defined by the American Psychiatric

Association in DSM IV (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders- 4th edition)

- Chronic or active illicit and/or intravenous drug use

- History of severe anaphylactic reactions to mosquito bites

- History of allergy to mefloquine

- History of intolerance to mefloquine

- History of psoriasis (given its interaction with chloroquine)

- Any other significant finding that in the opinion of the investigator would increase

the risk of having an adverse outcome from participating in this study

Locations and Contacts

Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, Maryland 20910, United States
Additional Information

Starting date: September 2008
Last updated: June 2, 2010

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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