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Study Into the Effect of Ibandronate for the Treatment of Bone Marrow Edema in Relation to Spontaneous or Non-traumatic Osteonecrosis of the Knee: A Randomized Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Trial

Information source: University Hospital, Basel, Switzerland
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Osteonecrosis of the Knee; Bone Marrow Edema of the Knee

Intervention: Ibandronate IV (Drug); Placebo (Drug)

Phase: Phase 3

Status: Recruiting

Sponsored by: University Hospital, Basel, Switzerland

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Christian Meier, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: University Hospital, Basel, Switzerland
Marius E Kraenzlin, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: University Hospital, Basel, Switzerland

Overall contact:
Christian Meier, MD, Phone: 0041-612649797, Email: christian.meier@unibas.ch

Summary

BACKGROUND: Bone marrow edema (BME) in the knee occurs as a localized inflammatory disease in relation to spontaneous or non-traumatic osteonecrosis (ON). Prognosis of BME/ON in the course after knee arthroscopy appears to be poor and in most cases results in knee arthroplasty. Treatment options of ON depend in general on the size of the lesion. Smaller lesions are managed by mechanical unloading and use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, larger lesion in general requires osteotomy or arthroplasty. In animal studies it has been shown that bisphosphonates prevent resorption of necrotic bone during ischemic necrosis and revascularization. In humans, bisphosphonate treatment has been used successfully in bone marrow oedema and avascular necrosis of the femoral head. In an observational study using bisphosphonates (ibandronate, pamidronate) in patients with either spontaneous or (believed to be) arthroscopy-induced BME of the knee a significant rapid and sustained pain relief was observed with a mean decrease on the pain scale on the visual analogue scale of over 60% after 3 months and of 80% after 6 months. Our experience suggests an apparent beneficial effect of amino-bisphosphonates in the treatment of BME of the knee. AIM: This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study aims to provide data on clinical, biochemical and radiological outcome of patients with bone marrow edema in relation to spontaneous or arthroscopy-induced ON of the knee treated with ibandronate or placebo. ENDPOINTS: The primary objective is to demonstrate the superiority of treatment with ibandronate compared to placebo regarding clinical outcome (pain [VAS score]) in spontaneous or arthroscopy-induced BME/ON of the knee after 12 weeks. Secondary objectives include a) clinical outcome (pain [VAS score]) after 24 weeks, b) the evaluation of the radiological outcome (MRI scan) at 12 and 48 weeks, c) the changes in biochemical markers of bone turnover, and d) the number of salvage therapies needed in case persistence is observed during placebo therapy. METHODS: The study is designed as a single-center, randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. A total number of 30 patients with BME/ON will be recruited. Each patient will be randomized in a 1: 1 ratio to receive ibandronate IV or placebo IV. Additionally, all patients will receive 500 mg calcium and 400 IU vitamin D per day throughout the study, and diclofenac/esomeprazole for initial 3 months (blinded treatment duration 24 weeks). Baseline and follow-up data collection will contain all variables needed for evaluation of clinical, biochemical and radiological evaluation of treatment efficacy. EXPECTED RESULTS: We hypothesize that treating patients with BME/ON of the knee, therapy with ibandronate will be superior in reducing pain, and radiological findings as compared to placebo.

Clinical Details

Official title: Study Into the Effect of Ibandronate for the Treatment of Bone Marrow Edema in Relation to Spontaneous or Non-traumatic Osteonecrosis of the Knee: A Randomized Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Trial

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: clinical outcome (pain [VAS score])

Secondary outcome:

clinical outcome (pain [VAS score])

radiological outcome (MRI knee)

number of salvage therapies needed in case persistence is observed during placebo therapy

Eligibility

Minimum age: 20 Years. Maximum age: 75 Years. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- Consecutive patients with newly diagnosed BME in relation to ON, confirmed by MRI

scan Exclusion Criteria:

- Baseline renal insufficiency (calculated creatinine clearance <50 ml/min)

- Baseline hypocalcemia (serum calcium <2. 0 mmol/l)

- Premenopausal women without adequate contraception

- Hypersensitivity to bisphosphonates

- Prior treatment with bisphosphonates within the last 2 years prior to randomization

- Prior treatment with calcitonin within the last month prior to randomization

- Treatment with any investigational drug within 30 days prior to randomization

- Any medical or psychiatric condition which, in the opinion of the investigator, would

preclude the participant from adhering to the protocol or completing the trial per protocol

- Unable to provide informed consent

Locations and Contacts

Christian Meier, MD, Phone: 0041-612649797, Email: christian.meier@unibas.ch

University Hospital, Basel 4055, Switzerland; Recruiting
Christian Meier, MD, Phone: 0041-61-2649797, Email: christian.meier@unibas.ch
Additional Information

Starting date: December 2007
Last updated: July 9, 2013

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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