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Pharmacokinetics of Oseltamivir Carboxylate In Morbidly Obese Subjects

Information source: Albany College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Obesity

Intervention: Tamiflu (Drug)

Phase: Phase 1/Phase 2

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: Albany College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Manjunath Pai, PharmD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: ACPHS

Summary

One in three Americans are obese. Obese subjects may or may not need higher doses of the anti-flu drug known as Tamiflu (oseltamivir). The current study is being done to see if the t FDA approved dose of oseltamivir will achieve similar concentrations in obese healthy volunteers compared that previously shown in non-obese volunteers.

Clinical Details

Study design: Allocation: Non-Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label

Primary outcome: Plasma Pharmacokinetics

Secondary outcome: Comparison of pharmacokinetic data in obese subjects to historical data

Detailed description: The incidence of obesity has increased dramatically over the past two decades in the United States (US). Twenty-five percent of adult Americans are now classified as obese. Obesity is associated with physiological alterations that can affect drug clearance and volume of distribution. Obese subjects are often excluded from phase 1 pharmacokinetic studies. As a result, drug dosing regimens developed for clinical use may not be appropriate for the obese population. Use of fixed dosing regimens may result in under dosing of obese patients. In contrast adjustment of drug dosing based on total body weight may lead to over dosing of obese patients. Oseltamivir phosphate (Tamiflu®) is an antiviral agent that is currently dosed as 75 mg once daily for chemoprophylaxis and twice daily for treatment of influenza in adults. Oseltamivir is rapidly converted to its active metabolite, oseltamivir carboxylate by esterases. The clearance of oseltamivir carboxylate is dependent on tubular secretion and glomerular filtration. Given that these drug elimination pathways may be enhanced in obese individuals, oseltamivir carboxylate plasma exposures may be lower in obese subjects compared to normal weight subjects. Although a specific plasma exposure target for oseltamivir carboxylate has not been established, lower oseltamivir carboxylate exposures may predispose obese patients to treatment failure and increase the probability for emergence of oseltamivir-resistant influenza virus. The current study proposes to characterize the plasma oseltamivir carboxylate concentration-time profile after single and multiple doses of oral oseltamivir in a cohort of healthy morbidly obese subjects. The study will be performed using a phase 1, open-label,single and multiple dose, pharmacokinetic study design in twenty obese adult subjects. This pilot study will provide pharmacokinetic data that may be incorporated into existing oseltamivir carboxylate population pharmacokinetic models to define appropriate doses of oseltamivir in obese patients.

Eligibility

Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 50 Years. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- males and females, 18 to 50 years of age

- non-smoking or light-smoking (≤5 cigarettes per day) volunteers

- BMI ≥ 40 kg/m2

- female subjects of childbearing potential either surgically sterilized, using an

effective method of contraception (diaphragm, cervical cap,condom) or agree to abstain from sex from time of pre-study screening, during entire study period and 1 week following the study period. Exclusion Criteria:

- history of significant hypersensitivity reaction to oseltamivir

- history of gastric bypass surgical procedure

- history of significant clinical illness requiring pharmacological management

- abnormal serum electrolyte or complete blood count requiring further clinical work-up

- transaminases (AST or ALT) >2. 5 x upper limit of normal

- estimated creatinine clearance <50 mL/min (Cockcroft-Gault equation)

- positive urine pregnancy test (if female)

- abnormal electrocardiogram (ECG) as judged by study physician

- unable to tolerate venipuncture and multiple blood draws

- clinically significant abnormal physical examination defined as a physical finding

requiring further clinical work-up

Locations and Contacts

TKL Research, Paramaus, New Jersey 07652, United States
Additional Information

Starting date: July 2010
Last updated: January 28, 2013

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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