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Equivalence of Generic Clozapine to Orally Dissolving Clozapine in Schizophrenia or Schizoaffective Disorder

Information source: Manhattan Psychiatric Center
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 20, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Schizophrenia; Schizoaffective Disorder

Intervention: Fazaclo (Drug)

Phase: Phase 4

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: Manhattan Psychiatric Center

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Jean-Pierre Lindenmayer, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Manhattan Psychiatric Center
Saurabh Kaushik, MD, Study Chair, Affiliation: Nathan Kline Institute & Manhattan Psychiatric Center


The purpose of this study is to obtain data on equivalence of generic clozapine to Fazaclo (orally disintegrating tablet). Generic clozapine is the most frequently used clozapine and such data is important for clinicians to have.

Clinical Details

Official title: An Open-Label Study Changing Generic Clozapine Formulation to FazaCloŽ (Clozapine, USP) Orally Disintegrating Tablets in Stable Patients With Schizophrenia or Schizoaffective Disorder

Study design: Endpoint Classification: Bio-equivalence Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Basic Science

Primary outcome: To determine the equivalence of generic clozapine tablets to FazaClo in patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder who are already taking generic clozapine and are switched to FazaClo.

Secondary outcome:

Whether side effects are comparable when equivalent plasma levels are present

Whether clinical efficacy is maintained after the switch to Fazaclo

Detailed description: The primary objective of this study is to determine the equivalence of generic clozapine tablets to FazaClo in patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder who are already taking generic clozapine and are switched to FazaClo. In this study, patients receiving a stable twice-daily dose of generic clozapine formulation for the past one month will be switched to FazaClo. A trough steady-state clozapine and desmethylclozapine concentrations will be taken thrice while patient is on generic Clozapine. After the third clozapine level patients will be switched from their generic clozapine formulation to FazaClo, at the same dosage and treatment regimen as the generic clozapine formulation they had been receiving. Trough steady-state clozapine and desmethylclozapine concentration levels will be taken twice, 7 days and 14 days after starting Fazaclo.


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 59 Years. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

- Patients (male or female) are between 18 and 59 years of age.

- Female patients are not pregnant or breastfeeding and those who are not surgically

sterilized, postmenopausal (at least six months), or sexually abstinent are using adequate contraceptive methods (defined as diaphragm, condom, foam/jellies, sponge, and/or oral contraceptives).

- Patients have a diagnosis of 1) treatment-resistant schizophrenia or; 2)

schizophrenia, chronic (all types) and in a residual phase or in remission, or schizoaffective disorder according to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) criteria and are judged to be at chronic risk for reexperiencing suicidal behavior based on history and recent clinical state. In addition, all patients must have a total score on the PANSS of 90 or less.

- Patients have been on a generic clozapine formulation for one month prior to Visit 1

with no changes in clozapine or psychotropic medication dosage in the past one month. Clozapine dose is administered twice daily.

- Patients have no clinically significant abnormalities in the medical history,

physical examination, and clinical laboratory tests.

- Patients have given written consent after being advised of the nature and risks of

the study and are competent to sign an Informed Consent Form.

- Patients who have shown inconsistent clozapine plasma levels or inconsistent clinical

response with a therapeutically adequate daily dose of clozapine as documented in the medical chart or documented by nursing notes about patients' cheeking the oral tablets of clozapine for at least 6 months. Exclusion Criteria:

- Patients are included in the National Non-Rechallenge Master File for Clozaril.

- Patients have a medical or surgical condition that might interfere with the

absorption, metabolism, or excretion of clozapine or FazaClo.

- Patients have a history of granulocytopenia or myeloproliferative disorder, either

drug-induced or idiopathic.

- Patients have a total white blood cell (WBC) count below 4000/mm3 or an absolute

neutrophil count (ANC) below 2000/mm3.

- Patients have a history of clinically significant cardiovascular, renal, hepatic,

respiratory, endocrine (except noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus), or gastrointestinal disease.

- Patients have a known history of human immunodeficiency virus infection.

- Patients have a history of epilepsy or seizures or are comatose or experiencing

severe central nervous system depression.

- Patients are unable to communicate with the investigator.

- Patients have a history of allergic reactions to clozapine or chemically related

psychotropic drugs.

- Patients have a concurrent primary psychiatric or neurological diagnosis, including

organic mental disorder (DSM-IV criteria), mental retardation, severe tardive dyskinesia, or idiopathic Parkinson's disease.

- Patients have had electroconvulsive therapy within the past three months.

- Patients have demonstrated clinically significant homicidal behavior within the past

12 months.

- Patients have received an investigational drug within the past 30 days.

- Patients have a history of narrow-angle glaucoma.

- Patients require treatment with drugs that are known to interact with clozapine

(e. g., agents having a well-known potential to suppress bone-marrow functioning, drugs that are highly protein-bound, cimetidine, or phenytoin). Clozapine may also potentiate the effects of antihypertensives and anticholinergics; therefore, caution should be taken if patients receiving these drugs are enrolled in the study.

- Patients are morbidly obese (defined as having a body mass index [BMI] greater than

40; BMI = weight [kg]/height [m2]).

- Patients have a known history of phenylketonuria. FazaClo contains aspartame, a

source of phenylalanine which can be harmful to patients with phenylketonuria.

Locations and Contacts

Manhattan Psychiatric Center, 125th Street, Out Patient Clinic, New York, New York 10027, United States

Manhattan Psychiatric Center, Inpatient Unit, New York, New York 10035, United States

Additional Information

Clozapine on Wikipedia

Clozapine Registery

Starting date: November 2006
Last updated: April 14, 2015

Page last updated: August 20, 2015

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