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Effects of Growth Hormone Releasing Hormone in HIV

Information source: Massachusetts General Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: HIV; HIV Lipodystrophy

Intervention: tesamorelin (Drug); placebo (Drug)

Phase: N/A

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: Massachusetts General Hospital

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Steven Grinspoon, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Massachusetts General Hospital


HIV-infection and its treatment are often associated with an increase in belly fat, as well as abnormal cholesterol and problems metabolizing sugar. People with HIV infection and increased belly fat often have decreased growth hormone (GH) levels. Low GH levels may contribute independently to increased belly fat and to increased cardiovascular risk through effects on sugar metabolism, inflammation, and other mechanisms. Tesamorelin, a growth hormone releasing hormone (GHRH) analogue, has been shown to to reduce belly fat in patients with HIV-associated abdominal fat accumulation. However, the effects of tesamorelin on fat accumulation in the liver and muscle, sugar metabolism, and cardiovascular health are not yet known. The current study is designed to determine the effects of tesamorelin treatment on fat accumulation in the muscle and liver, insulin sensitivity and sugar metabolism, and markers of cardiovascular health including blood vessel thickness (carotid intima media thickness [cIMT]) and markers of inflammation in the body. The investigators hypothesize that tesamorelin will decrease fat accumulation in the liver and muscle and will decrease markers of inflammation, with either neutral or beneficial effects on glucose metabolism.

Clinical Details

Official title: Effects of Growth Hormone Releasing Hormone on Fat Redistribution, Cardiovascular Indices, and Growth Hormone Secretion in HIV Lipodystrophy

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome:

Liver Fat

Visceral Adipose Tissue

Secondary outcome:

Intramyocellular Lipid

Endogenous Growth Hormone Secretion

Insulin Sensitivity


Insulin Like Growth Factor 1 (IGF-I)

Lipid Panel

Carotid Intimal Medial Thickness (cIMT)

Glucose Tolerance


Hemostatic Markers


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 65 Years. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria: 1. Men and women age 18-65 2. Previously diagnosed HIV infection 3. Stable antiviral regimen for at least 12 weeks prior to enrollment 4. WC>95 cm and WHR>0. 94 for male, WC>94 cm and WHR>0. 88 for female occurring in the context of treatment for HIV disease 5. Subjective evidence of at least one of the following recent changes, occurring during the treatment of HIV disease: increased abdominal girth, relative loss of fat in the extremities, or relative loss of fat in the face 6. For female subjects 40yo or older, negative mammogram within one year of baseline Exclusion Criteria: 1. Use of anti-diabetic agents, Megace, testosterone or any steroid use within 6 months of the study. Stable use of testosterone (> 6 mos) at dose equivalent to 200 mg IM q 2 weeks or < 10g/day to skin will be permitted. 2. Use of GH or GHRH within the past 6 months 3. Change in lipid lowering or antihypertensive regimen within 3 months of screening 4. Fasting blood sugar > 126 mg/dL, SGOT > 2. 5 times ULN, HgB < 12. 0 g/dL, creatinine > 1. 4 mg/dL, CD4 count < 200 5. Severe chronic illness or active malignancy or history of pituitary malignancy or history of colon cancer 6. For men, history of prostate cancer or evidence of prostate malignancy by PSA > 5 ng/mL 7. Prior history of hypopituitarism, head irradiation or any other condition known to affect the GH axis 8. For women, positive urine hCG 9. Oral contraceptives, depo provera or combined progesterone-estrogen injections, transdermal contraceptive patches, estrogen or progestin coated IUD's within 6 months of the study. 10. Routine MRI exclusion criteria such as the presence of a pacemaker or cerebral aneurysm clip.

Locations and Contacts

Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, United States
Additional Information

Starting date: December 2010
Last updated: October 10, 2014

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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