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Chloroquine With Taxane Chemotherapy for Advanced or Metastatic Breast Cancer Patients Who Have Failed an Anthracycline (CAT)

Information source: The Methodist Hospital System
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Breast Neoplasms; Breast Cancer

Intervention: Taxane (Drug); Taxotere (Drug); Abraxane (Drug); Ixabepilone (Drug)

Phase: Phase 2

Status: Recruiting

Sponsored by: The Methodist Hospital System

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Jenny C Chang, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: The Methodist Hospital System

Overall contact:
Cancer Center Research, Phone: 713-441-0629, Email: ccresearch@tmhs.org


The major purpose of this research study is to better understand how therapy works on different patients. This study is being offered to patients with a diagnosis of advanced or metastatic breast cancer who have failed anthracycline based therapy. The investigators want to see the response of breast cancer cell when treated with Chloroquine used in combination with chemotherapy. Chemotherapy is an anti-cancer drug that is given through your vein. The chemotherapy used in this study is either Taxane (Paclitaxel) or Taxane-like drugs (Abraxane, Ixabepilone or Docetaxel).

Clinical Details

Official title: Phase II Study of The Efficacy And Safety of Chloroquine (C) in CombinAtion With Taxane or Taxane-like (T) Chemo Agents in The Treatment of Patients With Advanced or Metastatic Breast Cancer Who Have Failed Anthracycline Chemo Base Therapy.

Study design: Allocation: Non-Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Overall Response Rate (ORR)

Secondary outcome:

Safety and Tolerability

Tumor Control Rate

Time to Progression

Duration of Response

Detailed description: The purpose of this study is to determine the anti-tumor activity of the combination of Chloroquine combined with a Taxane or Taxane-like chemo agents(Paclitaxel, Docetaxel, Abraxane, Ixabepilone). The laboratories have developed robust preclinical models utilizing both in vitro systems such as the mammosphere (MS) culture and in vivo systems such as human breast cancer xenografts allowing the investigators to identify agents which selectively target TICs, as single agents or in combination. These models are critical since tumor initiating cells (TICs) comprise only a small percentage of the tumor bulk, so that clinical tumor regression may not be observed with inhibitors that selectively target TIC self-renewal alone. Nonetheless, these agents in combination with conventional therapy may effectively kill both actively cycling or fully differentiated cells and the TIC subpopulation, leading to long term remission and eradication of cancer cells.


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Female.


Inclusion Criteria: 1. Females with pathologically determined advanced or metastatic breast cancer. 2. Have progressed after treatment with regimen that included an anthracycline. 3. Have had at least 4 cycles of an anthracycline containing regimen or 2 cycles if progressing on treatment. 4. Patients must have measurable disease by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors. 5. ≥18 years of age. 6. ECOG PS of 0, 1, or 2. 7. Laboratory values within the following ranges:

- Hemoglobin ≥9. 0gm/dL (≥1. 5μmol/L); transfusions permitted.

- Absolute neutrophil count ≥1500/mm3 (1. 5 x 109/L)

- Platelet count ≥100,000/mm3 (100 x 109/L)

- Creatinine (Cr) <2 X the upper limit of normal (ULN), Cr clearance (CrCl) ≥30 by

Cockcroft and Gault

- Alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase <2 X the ULN; if liver

metastases are present then must be <5 X the ULN, Bilirubin <2 X the ULN, Potassium within normal limits, Magnesium within normal limits 8. Negative serum pregnancy test at the time of first dose for women of childbearing potential (WOCBP). For WOCBP, adequate contraception must be used throughout the study. For this study, acceptable methods of contraception include a reliable intrauterine device or a spermicide in combination with a barrier method. Women who are already on hormonal forms of birth control may continue that treatment but must also use a barrier method. 9. Ability to understand the requirements of the study, provide written informed consent and authorization of use and disclosure of protected health information, and agree to abide by the study restrictions and return for the required assessments. 10. Patient must be willing to undergo breast biopsies as required by the study protocol. Exclusion Criteria: 1. Radiation therapy within 2 weeks; or chemotherapy or non-cytotoxic investigational agents within 4 weeks of initiating study treatment. 2. Evidence of New York Heart Association class III or greater cardiac disease. 3. History of myocardial infarction, stroke, ventricular arrhythmia, or symptomatic conduction abnormality within 12 months. 4. History of congenital QT prolongation. 5. QT >500. 6. Concurrent severe or uncontrolled medical disease (i. e., active systemic infection, diabetes, hypertension, coronary artery disease, congestive heart failure) that, in the opinion of the Investigator, would compromise the safety of the patient or compromise the ability of the patient to complete the study. 7. Symptomatic central nervous system metastases. The patient must be stable after radiotherapy for ≥2 weeks and off corticosteroids for ≥1 week. 8. Pregnant or nursing women. 9. Hypersensitivity or intolerance to Chloroquine, Paclitaxel, Docetaxel, Abraxane, Ixabepilone or other Taxane like drugs. 10. Severe renal insufficiency (CrCl <30mL/min [Cockcroft and Gault]). 11. History of gastrointestinal bleeding, ulceration, or perforation. 12. Concurrent use of potent CYP3A4 inhibitors, such as ketoconazole, itraconazole,clarithromycin, indinavir, nefazodone, nelfinavir, ritonavir, saquinavir, telithromycin, and voriconazole. 13. Concurrent use of potent CYP3A4 inducers, such as dexamethasone, phenytoin, carbamazepine, rifampin, rifabutin, rifapentine, phenobarbitol, and St. John's wort.

Locations and Contacts

Cancer Center Research, Phone: 713-441-0629, Email: ccresearch@tmhs.org

The Methodist Hospital Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030, United States; Recruiting
Cancer Center Research, Phone: 713-441-0629, Email: ccresearch@houstonmethodist.org
Jenny Chang, MD, Principal Investigator
Angel A. Rodriguez, MD, Sub-Investigator
Daniel Lehane, MD, Sub-Investigator
Monisha Singh, MD, Sub-Investigator
Tejal Patel, MD, Sub-Investigator
Jorge Darcourt, MD, Sub-Investigator
Additional Information

Starting date: September 2011
Last updated: February 18, 2014

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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