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Lithium Water in Gun Violence Prevention

Information source: American Society Of Thermalism And Climatology Inc
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Assault by Handgun Discharge; Violence; Homicide; Sexual Assault by Bodily Force; Substance Abuse Problem

Intervention: Lithium Water (Dietary Supplement); placebo: spring mineral water (Dietary Supplement); natural spring water (Other)

Phase: N/A

Status: Active, not recruiting

Sponsored by: American Society Of Thermalism And Climatology Inc

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Garis Silega, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: American Society of Thermalism and Climatology
Garis Silega, Doctor, Study Director, Affiliation: American Society of Thermalism and Climatology


The word lithium frequently conjures images of catatonic psychiatric patients and side effects so severe that premature death is commonplace. But naturally occurring lithium is a far cry from pharmaceutical grades. Found in the soil, water and certain foods, it is an essential mineral for maintaining physical and mental health. When exposure is low, suicide rates, mental illness and violent crime increase

Clinical Details

Official title: Lithium Water Use in Gun Violence Prevention

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Prevention

Primary outcome: Change behavioral tendencies due to lithium water treatment

Detailed description: Lithium has a long history of use in the treatment of mental disorders. However, it hasn't been until recently that scientists began exploring the psychiatric implications of naturally occurring lithium in the water supply. As stated in the article, Foods Rich in Lithium And Lithium Supplements: "Research suggests that locations with the highest concentration of lithium tend to have the lowest rates of depression and violent crime. These studies have been conducted across the globe in different climates with different natural habits and diets. Researchers have therefore concluded that this phenomenon is fairly universal." A study in the United States agrees with these findings. According to Everything Addiction: "In a 1990 study of 27 Texas counties, researchers found an "inverse association of tap water lithium content in areas of Texas with the rates of mental hospital admissions, suicides, homicides, and certain other crimes." It was also discovered that young men incarcerated for violent crimes in some parts of Texas had disproportionately low lithium levels. Schrauzer and Shrestha discovered that the negative correlation was confirmed," especially in the south-central region of the state where high suicide mortality rates correspond to low lithium concentrations."' Another study published in the British Journal of Psychiatry had similar results. Researchers at Oita University examined the suicide rates in Japan's Oita prefecture. The team discovered that cities with higher levels of natural lithium in the public water supply had lower rates of suicide overall.


Minimum age: 14 Years. Maximum age: 60 Years. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

- Men and women aged 14-60.

- Existence of alcoholism, substance abuse, violence antecedent, suicide history

Answered all questions in the pre-treatment safety questionnaire. Gave their oral and written consent to participate in the trial. Exclusion Criteria: Patients with renal failure, cardiovascular insufficiency, Addison's disease and untreated hypothyroidism. Pregnancy. Patients who have vomiting or diarrhea or if fluid or salt (sodium) intake is increased or decreased. Inadequate communication with examiner. Participation in another clinical study, either concurrent with this trial or in the 3 months preceding it. Inability to sign a consent form.

Locations and Contacts

Gaviota Clinic, Newark, New Jersey 07102, United States
Additional Information

Starting date: August 2014
Last updated: June 22, 2015

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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