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Dose-Response of Gonadal Steroids and Bone Turnover in Men

Information source: Massachusetts General Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 20, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Healthy Volunteers

Intervention: Testosterone (Drug); Testosterone (Drug); Anastrazole (Drug); Goserelin acetate (Drug)

Phase: N/A

Status: Recruiting

Sponsored by: Massachusetts General Hospital

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
JOEL S. FINKELSTEIN, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Massachusetts General Hospital

Overall contact:
JOEL S. FINKELSTEIN, MD, Phone: 617-726-6723, Email: jfinkelstein@partners.org


The purpose of this study is to determine the levels of testosterone and/or estradiol at which changes in bone turnover, body composition, strength, sexual function etc. begin to occur. This information may help determine when to intervene with hormone replacement therapy in aging men.

Clinical Details

Official title: Dose-Response of Gonadal Steroids and Bone Turnover in Men

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Subject), Primary Purpose: Diagnostic

Primary outcome: Bone turnover

Secondary outcome:

Body composition



Sexual function

Detailed description: There are 3 arms to this protocol, each with 5 or 6 groups. In Arm 1, 240 men age 20-50 will receive goserelin acetate (Zoladex) plus Androgel (or placebo). (NOTE: ARM 1 IS CLOSED TO RECRUITMENT. In Arm 2, 200 men age 20-50 will receive goserelin acetate (Zoladex) plus Androgel (or placebo) plus anastrazole (Arimidex). NOTE: ARM 2 IS CLOSED TO RECRUITMENT.. In Arm 3, 240 men age 60 to 75 will receive goserelin acetate (Zoladex) plus Androgel (or placebo). (Arm 3 is recruiting). Subjects will be screened on the MGH General Clinical Research Center (GCRC). After obtaining informed consent for the screening procedures, subjects will undergo a complete history and physical examination. If no exclusionary findings are noted during the history and physical examination, blood will be drawn to measure hemoglobin, routine chemistries (including serum calcium, liver function tests, and creatinine), and serum levels of PTH, 25-OH vitamin D, TSH, T, and PSA. For Arm 3, subjects who are successfully screened will be randomly assigned by a computer to one of 6 groups. All subjects will receive a GnRH agonist goserelin acetate (Zoladex; AstraZeneca, Wilmington, DE) 3. 6 mg sc every 4 weeks for 16 weeks. Subjects in Group 1 will receive goserelin acetate and placebo for Androgel. Subjects in Groups 2-5 will receive varying doses of Androgel. Subjects in Group 6 will receive double placebo (e. g. placebo Zoladex and placebo Androgel). Subjects will be blinded with respect to group assignment. Dietary calcium intake will be assessed by a research dietitian and adjustments made through diet or supplements so that calcium intake is between 1000 and 1200 mg/day. Subjects will be seen on the GCRC at 4 week intervals for 16 weeks (0, 4, 8, 12, and 16 weeks). At each visit, compliance with Androgel' will be assessed by reviewing a medication diary. A standardized series of questions will be posed to each subject to assess potential side effects of the study drugs. Subjects receiving Androgel' will be given a new 4 week supply of medication (except at week 16). A fasting blood and second voided urine sample will be collected. After the blood and urine samples have been obtained, subjects will be given their goserelin injection. The blood and urine tests listed below as well as anthropometric measures, and questionnaires will be performed at each visit. DXA, CT scans, and strength assessments will be performed at 0 and 16 weeks only. Subjects who discontinue participation at or after week 8 will be asked if they are willing to have an early discontinuation visit in which all procedures normally done at week 16 will be performed. The following measures will be assessed:

- Routine chemistries and PSA (for safety assessment)

- Bone turnover using blood and urine tests

- Hormones

- Lipids

- Body composition

- Strength

- Symptoms of hypogonadism

- Bone mineral density and bone microarchitecture


Minimum age: 60 Years. Maximum age: 75 Years. Gender(s): Male.


Inclusion Criteria:

- Healthy men age 20 to 50 years or 60 to 75. NOTE: RECRUITMENT OF MEN AGE 20-50 IS

COMPLETE. Exclusion Criteria:

- History of significant cardiac, renal, pulmonary, hepatic, benign prostatic

hyperplasia, or malignant disease, current alcohol or illicit drug abuse, or major psychiatric disorders.

- Current diagnoses of disorders known to affect bone metabolism including

hyperthyroidism, hyperparathyroidism, osteomalacia, or Paget's disease.

- Current use of medications known to affect bone metabolism including estrogens,

androgens, anti-estrogens, bisphosphonates, calcitonin, fluoride, oral or inhaled glucocorticoids, suppressive doses of thyroxine, lithium, pharmacological doses of vitamin D (greater than 2000 IU/day), or anti-convulsants.

- Cognitive or intellectual impairment that precludes complete understanding of the

study protocol.

- History of deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, or clotting disorders.

- Serum 25-OH vitamin D < 15 ng/mL

- Serum PTH < 10 or > 65 pg/mL

- Serum TSH < 0. 5 or > 5. 0 U/L

- Serum calcium > 10. 6 mg/dL

- Serum creatinine > 2 mg/dL

- Serum AST or ALT > 2x the upper limit of normal

- Serum bilirubin > 2 mg/dL

- Serum alkaline phosphatase > 150 U/L

- Plasma hemoglobin < 11 gm/dL

- Hematocrit > 50

- Fracture within the last 6 months.

- Serum testosterone level < 270 or > 1070 ng/dL

- Serum PSA level > 4 ug/L.

- International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) > 19

- Systolic blood pressure > 160 or diastolic blood pressure > 95

- Framingham risk score greater than or equal to 20

- Difficulty walking 2 blocks

Locations and Contacts

JOEL S. FINKELSTEIN, MD, Phone: 617-726-6723, Email: jfinkelstein@partners.org

Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, United States; Recruiting
JOEL S. FINKELSTEIN, MD, Phone: 617-726-6723, Email: jfinkelstein@partners.org
Benjamin Z Leder, MD, Phone: 617-726-6723, Email: bzleder@partners.org
JOEL S. FINKELSTEIN, MD, Principal Investigator
Additional Information

Starting date: September 2004
Last updated: August 20, 2015

Page last updated: August 20, 2015

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