DrugLib.com — Drug Information Portal

Rx drug information, pharmaceutical research, clinical trials, news, and more



Efficacy Study of Ambrisentan in Chinese Patients With Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension (PAH)

Information source: GlaxoSmithKline
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Vascular Disease

Intervention: ambrisentan (Drug)

Phase: Phase 3

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: GlaxoSmithKline

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
GSK Clinical Trials, Study Director, Affiliation: GlaxoSmithKline

Summary

This open label, single-arm, non-controlled, multicentre study will determine the effect of ambrisentan on exercise capacity (6MWT) in Chinese subjects with PAH. The study consists of a screening period of 4 weeks, a 12-week primary evaluation period (PEP) and a 12-week dose-adjustment period (DAP). Ambrisentan 5 mg will be administered to eligible subjects for 12 weeks (PEP).

Clinical Details

Official title: An Open Label Phase IIIb Study to Evaluate Efficacy and Safety of Ambrisentan in Chinese Patients With Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension (PAH)

Study design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Change From Baseline in 6-minutes Walk Test (6MWT) at Week 12

Secondary outcome:

Change From Baseline in 6MWT at Week 24

Number of Participants With a Change From Baseline in Their World Health Organization (WHO) Functional Classification (FC) at Weeks 12 and 24

Change From Baseline in the Borg Dyspnea Index (BDI) at Weeks 12 and 24

Change From Baseline in the N-Terminal Pro-B-Type Natriuretic Peptide at Weeks 12 and 24

Number of Participants With the Indicated Event, as an Assessment of Time to Clinical Worsening of Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension (PAH) up to Week 24, Assessed as the First Occurrence of a Particular Event

Number of Participants With Any Adverse Events, Any Serious Adverse Events and Adverse Events Leading to Discontinuation

Number of Participants With Physical Examination Findings

Change From Baseline in Electrocardiogram (ECG) Heart Rate Values at Weeks 12 and 24

Change From Baseline in PR Interval, QRS Duration, Uncorrected QT Interval, QT Interval Corrected Bazett's Formula (QTcB) Values at Weeks 12 and 24

Change From Baseline in Systolic and Diastolic Blood Pressure at the Indicated Time Points up to Week 24

Change From Baseline in Heart Rate at the Indicated Time Points up to Week 24

Oral Temperature

Number of Participants With Shift From Baseline in Alanine Amino Transferase (ALT), Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP), Aspartate Amino Transferase (AST) and Total Bilirubin (BILT) up to Week 24

Change From Baseline in Basophils, Eosinophils, Lymphocytes, Monocytes, Total Neutrophils, Platelet Count and White Blood Cell (WBC) Count at the Indicated Time Points up to Week 24

Change From Baseline in Hemoglobin at the Indicated Time Points up to Week 24

Change From Baseline in Hematocrit at the Indicated Time Points up to Week 24

Change From Baseline in Mean Corpuscle Hemoglobin at the Indicated Time Points up to Week 24

Change From Baseline in Mean Corpuscle Volume at the Indicated Time Points up to Week 24

Change From Baseline in Red Blood Cell (RBC) Count at the Indicated Time Points up to Week 24

Change From Baseline in Albumin, Globulin and Total Protein at the Indicated Time Points up to Week 24

Change From Baseline in Alkaline Phosphatase, Alanine Amino Transferase, Aspartate Amino Transferase, Creatine Kinase, Gamma Glutamyl Transferase and Lactate Dehydrogenase at the Indicated Time Points up to Week 24

Mean Change From Baseline in Direct Bilirubin, Total Bilirubin, Creatinine and Uric Acid at the Indicated Time Points up to Week 24

Change From Baseline in Calcium, Cholesterol, Chloride, Glucose, Potassium, Magnesium, Sodium, Inorganic Phosphorus, Triglycerides and Urea/Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN) at the Indicated Time Points up to Week 24

Number of Participants With Urinalysis Data at Baseline and Week 24

Detailed description: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) consists of a group of progressive and incurable diseases of the pulmonary vasculature. These are characterised by profound vasoconstriction and abnormal proliferation of smooth muscle cells in the walls of the pulmonary arteries, which leads to a progressive increase in pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) and sustained elevations in pulmonary artery pressure (PAP). A variety of drug classes have been used to treat PAH but no single compound has yet been shown to be effective in treating all patients with the disease. Three widely used treatment options are calcium channel blockers (CCBs), diuretics and anticoagulants but all have varying responses. There is a lack of clinical data on ambrisentan among the Chinese population,Ambrisentan is conditionally approved for the treatment of PAH in China. A clinical trial with a minimum of 100 patients in the ambrisentan arm was requested by SFDA. Several PAH medications have been approved in China, so a placebo-controlled study is not ethically appropriate while an active control non-inferiority design is unfeasible due to sample size requirements and inconsistency in indications.

Eligibility

Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 75 Years. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- Signed written informed consent prior to beginning study-related procedures.

- Subject must be between 18-75 years of age, inclusive, at the Screening Visit.

- Subjects must weight ≥40 kg at the Screening Visit.

- Subjects must have symptomatic or severe PAH (WHO functional class II or III) and be

categorised as class 1 PAH (defined by the Updated Clinical Classification of Pulmonary Hypertension 2009), due to iPAH, congenital heart disease-congenital heart defects repaired greater than 1 year prior to screening (i. e., atrial septal defects, ventricular septal defects or patent ductus arteriosus) or CTD-related PAH (e. g., limited scleroderma, diffuse scleroderma, mixed CTD, systemic lupus erythematosus or overlap syndrome). NOTE: subjects with portopulmonary hypertension and pulmonary venoocclusive disease are NOT eligible for the study.

- Subjects must have had a right heart catheterisation within 6 months prior to

screening and meet all of the following haemodynamic criteria: 1. Mean PAP ≥ 25 mmHg. 2. A PVR ≥ 240 dyn/sec/cm5. 3. A PCWP or left ventricular (LV) end-diastolic pressure of ≤ 15 mmHg.

- Subjects must be able to walk a distance of at least 150 m but no more than 450 m. In

addition, the screening and baseline 6MWT test values must not vary by greater than

10% (calculated using (baseline - screening)/screening with the result to be between

- 0. 1 and 0. 1).

- Subjects must meet both of the following pulmonary function criteria. The tests

should have been completed no more than 24 weeks prior to the Screening Visit, if not performed within the previous 24 weeks, the test must be completed at Day 0: 1. Total lung capacity (TLC) ≥ 60% of predicted normal. 2. Forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) ≥ 55% of predicted normal.

- Subjects receiving CCBs must be on stable therapy (i. e., the dose level does not need

to change to maintain disease control) for at least 1 month prior to the Screening Visit.

- Subjects receiving 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase

inhibitors (i. e., statins) must be on stable therapy (i. e., the dose level does not need to change to maintain disease control) for at least 12 weeks prior to the Screening Visit.

- Female subjects of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test at the

Screening Visit and Day 0.

- Female subjects of childbearing potential who are sexually active must agree to use

two reliable methods of contraception (as described in Appendix 3 ) from the Screening Visit until study completion and for at least 30 days following the last dose of IP. Subjects who have had a Copper T 380A intrauterine device (IUD) or LNg 20 IUD inserted are not required to use an additional method of contraception.

- Subject must agree not to participate in a clinical study involving another IP or

device throughout this study. Exclusion Criteria:

- The subject has received PAH therapy (PDE-5 inhibitors, ERA, chronic prostanoid*)

within 4 weeks prior to the Screening Visit. *Prostanoid use is classed as chronic when treatment continues for more than 7 days.

- The subject has received intravenous inotropes (e. g., dopamine, dobutamine) within 2

weeks prior to the Screening Visit.

- The subject has previously been discontinued from ERA treatment (e. g., bosentan) due

to safety or tolerance issues other than those associated with liver function abnormalities.

- The subject has a serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) or aspartate aminotransferase

(AST) value that is >2 x the upper limit of normal (ULN) at the Screening Visit.

- The subject has serum bilirubin value that is >1. 5 x ULN at the Screening Visit.

- The subject has severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh class C with or without

cirrhosis) at the Screening Visit.

- The subject has severe renal impairment (creatinine clearance <30 mL/min) at the

Screening Visit.

- The subject has clinically significant anaemia, defined as haemoglobin concentration

<10 g/dL or haematocrit <30% at the Screening Visit.

- The subject has a laboratory result, physical examination finding, medical history

incident or other finding, which is a contraindication for treatment with an ERA. Contraindications for treatment include, but are not limited to, evidence of elevated liver functions test or previously experiencing an event that would be defined as a serious AE (SAE) in a clinical trial (see Section 6. 3.3. 2), which was attributed to treatment with an ERA.

- The subject has severe hypotension (either diastolic blood pressure <50 mmHg or

systolic blood pressure <90 mmHg).

- The subject has, in the opinion of the Investigator, clinically significant aortic or

mitral valve disease, pericardial constriction, restrictive or congestive cardiomyopathy, life-threatening cardiac arrhythmias, significant LV dysfunction (defined as LV ejection fraction <45%), LV outflow obstruction, symptomatic coronary artery disease, autonomic hypotension or fluid depletion.

- The subject has a history of malignancies within the past 5 years, with the exception

of basal cell carcinoma of the skin or in situ carcinoma of the cervix.

- The subject has cardiovascular, liver, renal, haematological, gastrointestinal,

immunological, endocrine, metabolic or central nervous system disease that, in the opinion of the Investigator, may adversely affect the safety of the subject and/or efficacy of the study drug or severely limit the lifespan of the subject.

- A female subject who is pregnant or breastfeeding.

- The subject has demonstrated non-compliance with previous medical regimens or is

unable to comply with the procedures described in this protocol.

- The subject has a history of abusing alcohol or drugs of abuse (including

amphetamines, methamphetamines, opiates, cannabinoids, cocaine, benzodiazepines or barbiturates) within 12 months prior to the Screening Visit. Use of such drugs if prescribed by a Doctor and used according to the prescription would not exclude a subject.

- The subject has participated in a clinical study involving another IP or device

within 4 weeks or five half-lives of an IP, whichever is longer, before the Screening Visit.

Locations and Contacts

GSK Investigational Site, Beijing 100034, China

GSK Investigational Site, Beijing 100037, China

GSK Investigational Site, Beijing 100038, China

GSK Investigational Site, Beijing 100032, China

GSK Investigational Site, Shanghai 200433, China

GSK Investigational Site, Shanghai 200001, China

GSK Investigational Site, Harbin, Heilongjiang 150001, China

GSK Investigational Site, Wuhan, Hubei 430022, China

GSK Investigational Site, Hunan, Hunan 410008, China

GSK Investigational Site, Changchun, Jilin 130021, China

GSK Investigational Site, Xian, Shaanxi 710032, China

GSK Investigational Site, Jinan, Shandong 250012, China

Additional Information

Starting date: December 2012
Last updated: April 27, 2015

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

-- advertisement -- The American Red Cross
 
Home | About Us | Contact Us | Site usage policy | Privacy policy

All Rights reserved - Copyright DrugLib.com, 2006-2017