DrugLib.com — Drug Information Portal

Rx drug information, pharmaceutical research, clinical trials, news, and more

Growth Hormone and Exclusion Diet Therapy in Juvenile Crohn's Disease

Information source: Columbia University
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Crohn's Disease

Intervention: Growth Hormone (Drug); Nutraceutical Combination (Dietary Supplement); Exclusion Diet (Other); Placebo Growth Hormone (Other)

Phase: Phase 2

Status: Withdrawn

Sponsored by: Columbia University

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Alfred E Slonim, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Columbia University


Of the estimated one million Americans with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), approximately 20-30% develop this condition during childhood or adolescence, most of whom have Crohn's disease (CD). It appears that some individuals are genetically susceptible to certain nutrients, causing inflammation and disturbance of their immune system, as well as disruption of the intestinal barrier. This leads to malnutrition and inhibited growth, with many patients experiencing intense abdominal pain and diarrhea. Most physicians treat the disease with drugs that suppress the immune system and decrease the inflammatory process. Although these drugs frequently induce remission, most patients experience a subsequent return of symptoms and fail to catch up on their growth. Additionally, serious side effects are associated with these drugs. Individuals genetically prone to CD are believed to have a leaky gut that allows substances to pass through the intestinal wall and react with the underlying immune system. Furthermore, those nutrients that are toxic to these individuals pass through the decreased intestinal barrier triggering an extreme immune response. Nutrients that have been implicated include grains, except rice, dairy products, and any food containing carrageenan. Excluding these nutrients from the diet has been shown to beneficial for CD patients. Certain nutraceuticals, such as curcumin and omega-3 fatty acids, have been shown to provide anti-inflammatory effects in IBD patients. In addition, the administration growth hormone (GH), has been shown to alleviate symptoms, by enhancing the repair of the intestinal epithelium, preventing toxic antigens from reaching the underlying lamina propria. Previous studies and case reports provide incomplete evidence that exclusion diet with nutraceuticals (DNT) and GH lead to sustained long term remission in juvenile CD, discontinuation of other CD drugs, and catch up growth. This study is designed to test this hypothesis. Patients in the treatment group will be treated with DNT and GH, while continuing to receive medications from their physician while the control group will receive DNT, placebo injections instead of GH. We predict that the treatment group will show greater improvement than the control group.

Clinical Details

Official title: Growth Hormone and Nutrition Therapy in Juvenile Crohn's Disease, a Randomized Clinical Trial

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Proportion of Patients in remission

Secondary outcome: Bone Mineral Density (BMD)

Detailed description: The most widely held hypothesis regarding the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is that overly aggressive acquired immune responses to a subset of commensal enteric bacteria develop in genetically susceptible hosts. In an attempt to avoid disease progression, patients are treated with anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory and monoclonal antibody drugs, which frequently produce remissions. However, these drugs usually fail to achieve long-term, sustained remission or reversal of growth failure, and are associated with serious side effects. Recently, intestinal barrier dysfunction has been implicated in an alternative 3-step model of IBD pathogenesis. The investigators hypothesize that the exclusion diet and nutraceutical therapy (DNT) will decrease the production of toxic antigens in the gut and that reactive human growth hormone (rhGH) will reduce the passage of the remaining toxic antigens to the underlying mucosal immune system by promoting the maintenance of the intestinal barrier and accelerating the restitution of the intestinal epithelial lining. The following study will test whether the the 3-step model is accurate, and whether rhGH and DNT will induce sustained remission in juvenile CD patients.


Minimum age: 10 Years. Maximum age: 17 Years. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

- Ability to provide written informed consent

- Age 10-17 years

- Diagnosis of CD as determined by standard clinical, radiological, and pathological


- Clinical evidence of CD for more than 2 years

- Moderate to severely active CD, as defined by a PCDAI score > 30 and < 65

- May continue use of aminosalicylates, antibiotics, immunomodulators, including

azathioprine, 6-mercaptopurine and methotrexate, as well as the monoclonal antibody drug, infliximab, if prescribed for at least 4 months and receiving stable doses for at least 2 months prior to baseline visit

- May continue the use of prednisone if prescribed for at least 6 weeks prior to

baseline visit

- Meets the following hematological and biochemical requirements:

- HGB > 8. 5 g/dl

- WBC > 3. 5 x 109/L

- Neut. > 1. 5 x 109

- Plats > 100 x 109/L

- SGOT & Alk Phos not > 2 times the upper limit of normal

Exclusion Criteria:

- Acute critical illness

- Acute, chronic, or latent infection

- Active neoplasia and/or history of neoplastic disease of any origin other than basal

cell carcinoma that has been removed

- Evidence of a systemic disorder unrelated to CD involving hepatic, gastrointestinal,

pulmonary, cardiac, renal, hematologic, endocrine, central or peripheral nervous systems

- Use of parenteral corticosteroids or corticotrophin within 2 months of baseline visit

- Use of another investigational agent within 3 months of baseline visit

- Long-term anti-coagulant therapy or use of any anti-coagulant medication, including

NSAIDs or ASA, within 2 weeks of screening visit

- Pregnancy (positive pregnancy test)

- Positive stool culture for enteric pathogens, pathogenic ova, parasites or

clostridium difficile toxin

- Any condition that the investigator believes would pose significant harm to the

subject if the investigational therapy were initiated

- Diagnosis of short bowel syndrome and also on TPN

- Presence of an ostomy, symptomatic stenosis or ileal stricture, or severe intestinal

stricture, proctocolectomy, total colectomy or stoma

- Patients in imminent need of surgery due to active gastrointestinal bleeding fixed

stenosis, intermittent obstruction or obstructive event within 2 months prior to screening.

- Patients who underwent CD surgery within 2 months of screening

Locations and Contacts

Columbia University Department of Clinical Genetics, New York, New York 10032, United States
Additional Information

Starting date: March 2012
Last updated: April 9, 2015

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

-- advertisement -- The American Red Cross
Home | About Us | Contact Us | Site usage policy | Privacy policy

All Rights reserved - Copyright DrugLib.com, 2006-2017