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Efficacy of Teriparatide in Diabetic Inactive Charcot's Neuroarthropathy of Foot.

Information source: Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 20, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Diabetic Neuropathic Arthropathy

Intervention: Teriparatide (Drug)

Phase: Phase 2

Status: Enrolling by invitation

Sponsored by: Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Anil Bhansali, DM, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: PGIMER, Chandigarh

Summary

Diabetic foot represents a major medical , social and economic problem worldwide. Charcot's neuroarthropathy, being a common cause of diabetic foot, has been an intriguing topic of research for endocrinologists, podiatrists and surgeons. After its first description by JEAN-MARTIN CHARCOT in 1868, many theories have been put forward regarding its pathophysiology , but not much research has been done for its prevention and treatment , specially the inactive stage. The course of Charcot 's neuroarthropathy is triphasic , with the diagnosis being usually missed in the active stage, henceforth the patients often come to us with a deformed foot. As a consequence , the osteoclastic activity in active stage renders the foot bones demineralized and weak, thus being susceptible to fracture and fragmentation. Teriparatide is recombinant human (1-34) parathyroid molecule that has been approved for post-menopausal osteoporosis and in men with primary or secondary osteoporosis. It acts by preferentially stimulating osteoblast over osteoclast activity resulting in new bone formation and an increase in the rate of bone remodeling which manifest as an increase in skeletal mass and bone mineral density . Keeping the pathophysiology of Charcot's foot in mind, teriparatide may be used as potential treatment for inactive Charcot's neuroarthropathy but there are no studies or randomized trials in this setting, till date. We hypothesize that teriparatide may increase the remodeling of foot bones in Charcot's neuroarthropathy, improve bone mineral density, subsequently leading to a reduction in the risk of fractures and progression of deformities. This study plans to compare the effects of teriparatide in diabetes patients with inactive Charcot's foot in a placebo controlled design.

Clinical Details

Official title: To Study the Efficacy of Teriparatide in Improving Remodeling of Foot Bones in Chronic Charcot Neuroarthropathy in Patients With Diabetes Mellitus.

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Efficacy of teriparatide in improving remodeling of foot bones in diabetic inactive Charcot's neuroarthropathy

Secondary outcome: Efficacy of teriparatide in improving remodeling of foot bones in diabetic inactive Charcot's neuroarthropathy

Detailed description: Charcot neuroarthropathy (CN) was first described by Jean-Martin Charcot in a patient with tabes dorsalis who recognized that peripheral neuropathy could lead to neuropathic joints. This condition has many names, including Charcot osteoarthropathy, neuropathic osteo- arthropathy, and many others. Charcot foot may occur as a complication of neurosyphilis, syringomyelia, leprosy, poliomyelitis, congenital neuropathy and diabetes mellitus , the latter currently being the most common cause of CN. Since the description of CN in 1883, its pathophysiology remains an enigma, and there are no strict guidelines for the treatment of this disorder. India has more people living with diabetes than any other country of the world and diabetic foot is one of the common diabetic complications found in India. The prevalence of Charcot foot in diabetes is not clearly known (0. 1% to nearly 30%), but it is now appreciated that the condition is not as infrequent as might be generally thought. CN is characterized by progressive destruction of bones and joints of the foot with accompanying osteopenia. The current belief is that once the disease is triggered in a susceptible individual, it is mediated through a process of uncontrolled inflammation in the foot. This inflammation leads to osteolysis and is indirectly responsible for the progressive fracture and dislocation that characterizes its presentation. The pathophysiologic event is cytokine- driven elevation of the receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B ligand (RANKL), which, in turn, enhances the synthesis of nuclear factor kB (NF-kB). The latter promotes osteoclast maturation and osteoclastic activity, leading to osteoporosis in the affected bones. In parallel , NF-kB enhances the production of osteoprotegerin from osteoblasts, in order to provide an antagonist of RANKL and mitigate its effects. Ultimately, the cascade of all pathophysiologic changes leads to the development of the Charcot's foot and demineralization of bones. If the condition is correctly diagnosed and the patient is appropriately immobilized, the local inflammation will subside and further bony destruction including progressive loss of mineral density may be prevented. But the diagnosis of CN is frequently missed in the active phase in almost 25% of cases. In the inactive stage, signs of local inflammation progressively recede, redness subsides, and the difference in skin temperature between the two feet diminishes. Most of the patients coming to our diabetes clinic present in the inactive phase with stable foot deformities viz rocker bottom deformity, loss of longitudinal or transverse arches, bony prominence (medial convexity) and significant demineralization of bones. These foot deformities result in abnormal high-pressure areas that are particularly prone to ulceration; a consequence of continued weight bearing. Recombinant human parathyroid hormone fragment (teriparatide) is an anabolic therapy , that preferentially stimulates osteoblast over osteoclast activity resulting in new bone formation and an increase in the rate of bone remodeling. These effects manifest as an increase in skeletal mass, bone mineral density (BMD) and bone strength, subsequently leading to a reduction in the risk of fractures. It has been well established that teriparatide increases bone remodeling in the skeleton through histomorphometry studies and measurements of bone turnover markers (BTM), and recently direct measurements of the effect of teriparatide on the site-specific metabolic activity of the skeleton has been shown in patients of osteoporosis. Radionuclide bone scan imaging using the radiopharmaceutical 99Technetium-methylene diphosphonate (MDP) has a useful role in both clinical practice and research to investigate metabolic bone diseases and response to treatment. In clinical practice, bone scans are reported solely on a qualitative visual interpretation of images allowing for the detection of discrete changes in the skeleton in areas of focal tracer uptake. An increased 99mTc-MDP skeletal uptake with teriparatide is seen in patients with osteoporosis indicating an increased bone formation which was supported by BTM increases. Recently, quantitative bone scintigraphy with MDP is described as a more sensitive tool to study the bone-remodeling process even in CN. The potential utility of quantitative bone scanning for the diagnosis and more importantly for CN activity is suggested. However, translating visual assessments into quantitative data with F18 PET/ SPECT CT to study the regions of interest (ROI) and assess the response to teriparatide will be more specific. The role of teriparatide in diabetes patients with CN has not been studied, till date. Keeping the pathophysiology of CN in mind, the present study plans to assess the efficacy of teriparatide in chronic CN by studying the change in bone remodeling as quantitated by F18 SPECT CT, BMD and markers of bone turnover. We will also assess the benefits of teriparatide, if any, on the foot morbidity i. e incidence of fractures, progression of deformity or need for amputation over the follow up period of 18 months.

Eligibility

Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 70 Years. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria: 1. Clinical criteria: 1. No warmth or redness of foot. 2. Difference in temperature between two foot < 2 degree Centigrade. 3. If deformity present , patient able to walk without aid. 4. History of resolved active Charcot's neuroarthropathy of foot. 2. Radiological criteria: Plain X-ray foot (weight bearing lateral and oblique) showing

at least 3 of the following features -

1. Foot deformity. 2. Joint subluxations/dislocations. 3. Smoothening /Rounding of bone fragments. 4. Subchondral sclerosis/erosions. 5. Callus formation. 6. Joint space collapse. Exclusion Criteria: 1. Active inflammatory phase of Charcot's neuroarthropathy. 2. Active on inactive Charcot's neuroarthropathy. 3. Osteomyelitis of foot bones. 4. Peripheral vascular disease.

5. Osteoporosis (T score less than or equal to - 2. 5 at lumbar spine or hip).

6. Renal failure ( estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate < 60 ml/min). 7. Previous/present bone malignancy. 8. Previous malignancy with metastases to bone. 9. Received teriparatide earlier. 10. Hyperparathyroidism. 11. Paget's disease of bone. 12. Pregnant women. 13. Received bisphosphonates in previous 18 months. 14. Patients with ulcer on the involved foot.

15. Patients previously taking Pioglitazone. -

Locations and Contacts

Deptt of Endocrinology, Chandigarh 160012, India

PGIMER, Chandigarh 160012, India

Additional Information

Starting date: January 2014
Last updated: December 23, 2013

Page last updated: August 20, 2015

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