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Initial Screening of Gemfibrozil as a Novel Treatment for Tobacco Addiction

Information source: Centre for Addiction and Mental Health
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Nicotine Dependence

Intervention: Gemfibrozil (Drug); Placebo (Drug)

Phase: Phase 2

Status: Recruiting

Sponsored by: Centre for Addiction and Mental Health

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Bernard Le Foll, MD, PhD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Centre for Addiction and Mental Health

Overall contact:
Shawna Lu, Phone: 416-535-8501, Ext: 36032, Email: xiaoyun.lu@camh.ca

Summary

The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of gemfibrozil on nicotine reinforcement and cue-elicited craving. Other objectives of this study include screening for the ability of gemfibrozil to aid smoking abstinence during a brief quit attempt and examining the validity of using laboratory measures of tobacco dependence to predict smoking abstinence. It is hypothesized that gemfibrozil will result in diminished nicotine reinforcement, an attenuated response to smoking cues, and an increase in smoking abstinence compared with placebo. It is also hypothesized that the laboratory measures will prove valid in predicting abstinence.

Clinical Details

Official title: Testing the PPAR Hypothesis of Nicotine Dependence in Humans: Gemfibrozil as a Novel Treatment for Tobacco Addiction

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Nicotine Reinforcement and Smoking Cue Reactivity

Secondary outcome: Smoking abstinence during quit-attempt weeks

Detailed description: Animal studies have shown that drugs acting as agonists at alpha-type peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARα) suppress nicotine self-administration, attenuate relapse to nicotine-seeking behavior in the reinstatement model, and block nicotine-induced neuronal firing and dopamine release in reward pathways of the brain. These results have been demonstrated with synthetic PPARα agonists and with fibrate drugs (clofibrate, fenofibrate), which are used clinically to treat elevated cholesterol and triglycerides levels. Thus, PPARα is a potential target for the treatment of tobacco addiction. This is the first human study to investigate whether a fibrate drug (gemfibrozil, Lopid®) can reduce nicotine reward and aid smokers in becoming tobacco abstinent. The objectives of this study are: 1. to investigate the effect of gemfibrozil on laboratory measures of nicotine reinforcement and cue-elicited craving 2. to screen for the ability of gemfibrozil to aid smoking abstinence during a brief quit attempt 3. to examine the validity of using laboratory measures of tobacco dependence to predict smoking abstinence and possible gemfibrozil-related increases in smoking abstinence This outpatient study will be conducted at the Center for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH) in Toronto, Canada. This site will enroll 40 adult smokers who intend to quit smoking in the next 3 months. The study is a double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover design comparing the effects of gemfibrozil and placebo. The study will comprise two 2-week medication phases with a washout period of at least one week. At the end of the first medication week laboratory measures will be taken and during the second medication week participants will make a quit attempt and abstinence will be assessed. Outcome measures include laboratory assessments of nicotine reinforcement and smoking cue reactivity. The measure of nicotine reinforcement is the percentage of nicotine cigarette puffs chosen during a forced-choice task. Measures of cue reactivity include tobacco craving, mood, and autonomic responsivity. Other measures are days of smoking abstinence during the quit-attempt weeks. Abstinence is assessed by self-reports of no smoking and by breath carbon monoxide < 5 ppm on clinic visits. Other assessments of abstinence include self-reported tobacco craving and withdrawal.

Eligibility

Minimum age: 19 Years. Maximum age: 65 Years. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- 19-65 year old males and females

- smoking at least 10 cigarettes per day for at least 2 years

- intend to quit smoking within the next 3 months

- medically and psychologically healthy as determined by screening criteria

Exclusion Criteria:

- currently attempting to quit smoking

- treatment for tobacco addiction in the past 3 months

- use of nicotine replacement products, bupropion, or varenicline in the past 3 months

as an aid to quit or reduce smoking

- use of any oral tobacco product in the past 3 months

- history of drug or alcohol dependence within last 5 years

- consumption of more than 15 alcoholic drinks per week on average during the past

month

- use of any illicit drug more than once per week on average during the past month

- current use of gemfibrozil or other fibrate medication

- current use of any medication that is contraindicated for gemfibrozil or that would

interfere with the protocol in the opinion of MAI/QI. This includes, but is not limited to, anticoagulants, statins, other fibrates, other lipid-lowering agents such as niacin or herbal remedies, and any oral or injected medications for diabetes.

- any pre-existing gall-bladder disease or operation in the past 12 months

- any history of or current cardiovascular, liver, hepatic or renal disease

- diabetes

- pregnant, nursing, or become pregnant during the study

- use of psychoactive drugs or medications as revealed by urine toxicology

Locations and Contacts

Shawna Lu, Phone: 416-535-8501, Ext: 36032, Email: xiaoyun.lu@camh.ca

Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario M5S 1S8, Canada; Recruiting
Bernard Le Foll, MD, PhD, Principal Investigator

Centre of Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario M5S 2S1, Canada; Recruiting
Marie Gendy, Phone: 416-535-8501, Ext: 36032, Email: marie.gendy@camh.ca
Patricia DiCiano, PhD, Phone: 416-535-8501, Ext: 34002, Email: paricia.diciano@camh.ca
Bernard LeFoll, MD/PhD, Principal Investigator

Additional Information

Information about research at the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Canada's largest mental health and addiction teaching

Starting date: February 2014
Last updated: June 1, 2015

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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