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A Comparison of Risperidone With Haloperidol in Patients With Schizophrenia and Schizoaffective Disorder

Information source: Janssen, LP
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Schizophrenia; Schizoaffective Disorder

Intervention: risperidone (Drug); haloperidol (Drug)

Phase: Phase 4

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: Janssen, LP

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Janssen, LP Clinical Trial, Study Director, Affiliation: Janssen, LP


The purpose of the study is to compare the time to relapse in patients with schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorders receiving risperidone or haloperidol (antipsychotic medications) for at least 1 year.

Clinical Details

Official title: A Comparison of Risperidone and Haloperidol for Prevention of Relapse in Subjects With Schizophrenia and Schizoaffective Disorders

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double-Blind, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Time to relapse (days)

Secondary outcome: Change from baseline in total PANSS and PANSS subscale scores and CGI severity score; 1-year relapse rate; QOLI (quality of life); safety evaluations conducted throughout the study

Detailed description: Schizophrenia is a severe mental illness that causes changes in a person's perception, thoughts, and behaviour. In schizophrenics, the most common symptoms are positive symptoms (delusions and hallucinations), negative symptoms (avoiding social situations, lack of feeling or expression), and disorganized symptoms (confusion in thinking and speech). Schizoaffective disorder is different from schizophrenia, although it may be misdiagnosed as this illness. Schizoaffective disorder is a mental illness distinguished by a combination of a thought disorder (abnormal thinking or psychotic symptoms such as hallucinations or delusions) and a mood disorder (clinical depression or manic component). Manic symptoms include, but are not limited to an overinflated self esteem, increased physical agitation, excessively poor judgment, being easily distracted, and an increased irritability and energy level. This is a randomized, double-blind, parallel-group, controlled study comparing the time to relapse and the incidence of relapse in patients with schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder being treated with risperidone or haloperidol. The long-term safety and effectiveness of risperidone and haloperidol are also compared. The study is composed of two phases: a 1-week baseline period and a double-blind treatment period. During the baseline period, the doses of risperidone and haloperidol are gradually increased to 4 mg/day for risperidone and 10 mg/day for haloperidol. During the first 4 weeks of

double-blind treatment, dosage adjustments can be made in the range of 2 - 8 mg/day for

risperidone and 5 - 20 mg/day for haloperidol, based on clinical evaluations of the patient.

The double-blind treatment continues at that dose until the last patient entering the study completes 1 year of treatment or for a maximum of 112 weeks. The primary measure of effectiveness is the time to relapse, which is defined using six criteria that indicate the patient's illness is no longer under control (for example, psychiatric hospitalization). Additional efficacy testing conducted includes the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale for Schizophrenia (PANSS), a rating scale that measures the symptoms of schizophrenia; the Clinical Global Impressions (CGI), a rating system used to evaluate the overall and severity of clinical change in a patient with various diseases affecting the brain; and the Quality of Life Interview (QOLI), a global measure of satisfaction with life. Safety evaluations include the incidence of adverse events, results of clinical laboratory tests (hematology, biochemistry, urinalysis), measurements of vital signs and body weight, physical examination and electrocardiogram (ECG) findings, and the Extrapyramidal Symptoms Rating Scale (ESRS), a scale used to measure effects of antipsychotic medications on motor functions of the patient. The study hypothesis is that risperidone will be more effective in delaying relapse than haloperidol in patients with schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder. Risperidone tablets, taken orally, starting at 1 mg/day; increasing to 4 mg/day (Week 1). Haloperidol tablets, taken orally, starting at 2 mg/day; increasing to 10 mg/day (Week 1). After Week 1,

dosage may be adjusted (2 - 8 mg/day risperidone; 5 - 20 mg/day haloperidol). Treatment

duration >=52 weeks.


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 65 Years. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

- Diagnosis of schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder, according to the Diagnostic

and Statistical Manual of Mental Diseases, 4th edition (DSM-IV) criteria

- documented 1-year history of schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder since the

first drug treatment for psychotic symptoms

- history within the previous 24 months of being discharged from an inpatient

psychiatric unit, had a partial hospitalization, completed crisis management intervention, or stayed in a hospital emergency room holding area for at least 12 hours

- must have received a stable dose of an antipsychotic medication for the 30 days

before study entry

- in the investigator's judgment, must be able to discontinue any current antipsychotic

medication. Exclusion Criteria:

- Patients with clinically significant neurological disorders, with the exception of

DSM-IV defined movement disorders that are caused by drugs

- patients with another current DSM-IV Axis I diagnosis (except nicotine or caffeine


- history or current diagnosis of gastrointestinal, liver, or kidney disease or other

condition that might interfere with how the study drug is absorbed, processed, and excreted by the body

- pregnant or nursing women

Locations and Contacts

Additional Information

A Comparison of Risperidone with Haloperidol in Patients with Schizophrenia and Schizoaffective Disorder

Starting date: May 1996
Last updated: August 3, 2012

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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